Current Affairs for August 13, 2019
BANKING AND ECONOMY
- Central Government is planning to cover Cancer treatment into Ayushman Bharat scheme.
- According to World Health Organization, cancer is the second-most common disease in India with a high mortality rate of about 0.3 million deaths per year.
- As per Government’s data, an estimated 2.25 million people are suffering from the disease, with over 11 lakh new cancer patients being registered each year.
- In 2018, total 7,84,821 (Men: 4,13,519; Women: 3,71,302) deaths were caused due to Cancer.
- ISRO launched “Space on Wheels” exhibition inside the bus along with commemorative coins, a Coffee Table Book and a photo album on the life and work of Vikram Sarabhai to celebrate the 100th birth anniversary of Sarabhai (founder of ISRO).
- ISRO has launched for an year- long programme across 100 selected cities.
- Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has decided to extend Rotavirus vaccine to all states and UTs by September 2019 to achieve the target of ending diarrhoea in children by 2022.
- The rotavirus vaccine was recommended by National Technical Advisory Group on Immunization (NTAGI), in the Universal Immunization Programme(UIP).
- Census 2011: – Out of the total domestic migrants (moved for employment purposes), only 63% have got the full time work, 25% were part-time workers and 12% were unemployed.
Only in 6 (Mumbai Suburbs, Mumbai City, Delhi West, Surat, Daman and Mamit in Mizoram) of the 640 total districts in India had provided full time employment to the 90% of the migrant workers.
In 5 states/UTs – Daman and Diu, Delhi, Chandigarh, Maharashtra and Dadra and Nagar Haveli– the 80% of migrant workers found full time employment.
Among larger states, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh (undivided) and Gujarat provided full time employment to 70-80% of workers. (Intra-state variation still exists).
In 204 districts, only 50% of the migrant workers found full-time jobs specifically in Jharkhand, Jammu and Kashmir, West Bengal, Bihar, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh.
82% of men’s migrant population got full time employment while only 49% of the women got full time employment. In only 20 districts, over 85% of women got full time employment.
78% of the migrants got full time jobs in urban areas while 58% of migrants got job in rural areas.
- Ministry of Health has re-initiated the process of amending the Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA) 2003.
- Amendments Proposed: Ban on the sale of loose cigarettes and heavy fines on violation of rules.
- Aim: – To effectively implement WHO’s Framework Convention on Tobacco Control.
- Bar Council of India (BCI) has declared a 3-years moratorium (temporary prohibition of an activity) for establishing new law universities (except National Law University).
- BCI has also mandated to improve faculty and infrastructure of law universities and the universities with poor infrastructure and faculty will be shut.
- BCI was established under the Advocates Act, 1961.
- Indian Army has launched ‘Mission Reach Out’ to ensure basic necessities and essential services are available in J&K after the scrapping of Article 370 and 35A by passing the ‘J&K Reorganization Bill’.
- A high level ‘Mission Reach Out’ conference to review the prevalent situation in the region was held in the Nagrota Military Station.
- India’s first-of-its-kind clinical ecotoxicology facility has been launched at All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) in New Delhi.
- Purpose: – It will diagnose the diseases caused by environmental toxins which contaminate water, food and air.
- Ecotoxicology refers to the branch of science that deals with the nature, effects, and interactions of substances that are harmful to the environment and ecological entities such as population.
- Madhya Pradesh has launched the ‘Mukhyamantri Madad Yojana’ to provide help the tribal families in the event of birth or death of a family member.
- Upon the birth, 50 kg of rice or wheat will be given and in the event of death 100 kg of rice or wheat along with utensils for cooking food would be given.
- 40 Eklavya Schools would be set up in tribal areas to provide quality education.
- Vasudhaiv Kutumbakam Foundation has entered into the Champions Book of World Records for making the longest (15-km) Tricolor flag by forming a human chain from Raipur ,Chhattisgarh.
- Kajin Sara lake (also locally known as Singar) has been recently discovered in Manang district of Nepal.
- It is likely to set a new record by becoming the world’s highest lake at an altitude of 5,200 meters (1,500-metre-long and 600-metre-wide). [Official measurement are yet to be announced].
- Currently, Tilicho Lake is the highest lake in the world at an altitude of 4,919 metres in Nepal.
- USA has declared to provide permanent visa (green cards) based on the income standards of the applicants, under its Immigration Act, 1882.
- Now green cards will not be issued on family or humanitarian grounds.
- A study published in the journal Global Change Biology mentions that 88% of the 126 freshwater species are on the verge of extinction.
- The study assessed the species in 72 countries.
- Extinct Species: – Yangtze dolphin.
- Population of Mekong giant catfish in Mekong river (home of world’s largest catfish in southeast Asia), stingray, gharial crocodiles in India, European sturgeon fell by 97% since 1970 across Europe, North Africa and Asia.
BANKING AND ECONOMY
- Reliance Jio has partnered with Microsoft to open cloud data centres across the country.
- Under the partnership, these cloud data centres would run on Microsoft’s Azure software.
- Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has increased the monetary limit for filing Income tax appeals in the Income Tax Appellate Tribunal to Rs 50 lakh from Rs 20 lakh.
- Aim: – To reduce the burden of litigations.
- The limit for filing I-T appeal in High Court has been doubled to Rs 1 crore from Rs 50 lakh.
- For Supreme Court the limit has been revised to Rs 2 crore from Rs 1 crore.
- BlackRock (Private Equity firm) has bought a controlling stake in Authentic Brands company (owner of Sports Illustrated magazine) for $870 million.
- It is the first major acquisition deal of BlackRock.
- Reliance Industries will launch Reliance New Commerce initiative to digitally connect kirana stores on e-commerce platform across the country.
- This New Commerce is a $700 billion opportunity for kirana stores in smaller towns digitally.
- According to Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) data, showed that manufacturers accounted for 42% of all distressed companies out of the total 2,162 cases before the Insolvency and bankruptcy tribunals.
- Service sector accounted for 15% of the distressed companies.
- Till now, ₹1 trillion, or 43% of the admitted claims of ₹2.5 trillion has been recovered by Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016.
- Anurag Adlakha has been appointed as the new Chief Financial Officer (CFO) by YES Bank.
- World Elephant Day is observed on August 12. (First one was celebrated in 2012).
- Singapore has declared to ban on domestic ivory tradee.f. September 2021.
- However, international ivory trade has been banned under the Convention on the International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) since 1990.
- International Youth Day is observed on 12 August by UN to bring the issues faced by youth in the attention of international community.
- Theme for 2019: – ‘Transforming education’.
- It supports Goal 4 of Sustainable Development Goal 2030 to ensure equitable and inclusive education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
- Rogers Cup (Tennis), also known as Canadian Cup, was held in Toronto, Canada.
- Winner of 139th edition of Men’s Singles: – Rafael Nadal
- Winner of 128th edition of Women’s Singles: – Bianca Andreescu
- Spain’s U-20 team has won the Cotif Cup (football) tournament held in Valencia, Spain.
- India’s U-20 women team (won 2, lost 2 matches) has won a third placed trophy and the Fair Play Award for its good performance.
- Aishwarya Pissay has become the first Indian women to win FIM World Cup 2019 (motocross racing) held in Varpalota, Hungary.
4. Chess World Cup will be held in Khanti-Mansiysk, Russia in September.
- Thailand Women’s Cricket team has made a world record by winning the 17th successive T20-I match in the ongoing quadrangular series in the Netherlands.
- Earlier the record was made by Australian Women’s team with 16 victories.
- Andhra Pradesh CM YS Jagan Mohan Reddy launched “JAYA HO” book which records the historic “Praja Sankalpa Yatra” (an election campaign walkathon of Reddy) from Idupulapaya to Ichchapuram (covering 3,648 km).
- The book has been completed under the journalist K Ramachandra Murthy.