Current Affairs for 19 April and 20 April 2019
BANKING AND ECONOMY
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- Reporters Without Borders in its World Press Freedom Index 2019 ranked India at 140th, two positions down from 2018 (138).
- Norway ranked 1st in the index and Turkmenistan ranked the last 180th.
- The index is based on the following six indicators – Pluralism, Media independence, Environment and self-censorship, Legislative framework, Transparency, Infrastructure and Abuses.
- Varuna, the largest naval exercise between India and France will take place in May 2019, starting in Goa.
- INS Vikramaditya with its MiG-29K fighters will represent India and FNS Charles de Gaulle with its Rafale-M naval jets will represent France.
- INS Kolkata and INS Shakti will participate in International Fleet Review Maritime Parade to be held on the China’s People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy’s 70th anniversary celebrations in Quingdao, China on April 23.
- The TIME’s Magazine’s 100 Most Influential People’s List 2019 is categorized into – Titans, Pioneers, Artists, Leaders, Icons.
|Influential People from India|
|Pioneer||LGBTQ Rights Lawyers Arundhati Katju and Menaka Guruswamy|
|Pioneer||Indian-American Comedian Hasan Minhaj|
|Titan||Businessman Mukesh Ambani|
5. According to the ‘Factual Report’ submitted by Rajasthan’s State Forest department to National Green Tribunal, there are 150 critically endangered Great Indian Bustards (GIB) in Jaisalmer area of Desert National Park in Thar, Rajasthan.
- Presently, they are found in six states- Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh.
- Rajasthan has the highest population of GIBs.
- For the first time, G20 summit 2019 will be held in Osaka, Japan.
- G20 (Group of twenty) is formally known as the “Summit on Financial Markets and the World Economy”.
- For the first time, the G20 summit will be held in Arab world in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in 2020.
- Nepal’s first satellite “NepaliSat-1” has been launched by NASA from its Virginia Space’s Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport at NASA’s Wallops flight facility in USA.
- It has been launched under the BIRDS project of Kyutech, Japan.
- Other satellites are Srilanka’s first research satellite Ravana-1 and Japan’s Uguisu.
BANKING AND ECONOMY
- As per RBI’s guidelines, Fintech startups can now live-test the new financial innovations through the “Regulatory Sandbox” framework.
- Committee headed by RBI’s Executive Director Sudarshan Sen proposed the framework to RBI.
- A Regulatory Sandbox (RS) is a controlled environment for commercial testing of new technology with limited regulations and customer exposure.
- The Exim Bank has provided soft loans of USD 266.60 million to Rwanda for various projects –
- USD 100 million – Financing of Two SEZs and expansion of the Kigali SEZ
- USD 100 million – Financing 3 agriculture schemes — Warufu Multipurpose Project, Mugesera Irrigation Project and Nyamukana Irrigation Project
- USD 66.60 million – For the Base-Butaro-Kidaho Road Project.
- World Liver Day is observed on 19th April worldwide to spread awareness about liver related disease.
- The liver is the second largest organ in body after skin.
- Padma Shree awardee scientist Yusuf Hamied was conferred the UK’s Royal Societ Honor
- Other Indian scientists who were honored are Gurdyal Besra, Manjul Bhargava, Anant Parekh, Akshay Venkatesh.
- Gagandeep Kang has become the first Indian woman scientistto be selected as a fellow of the UK’s Royal Society
- She is called India’s vaccine “God Mother” as she developed a vaccine against Rota Virus and was first identified by AIIMS, New Delhi in 1985.
- NASA’s first female astronaut Jerrie Cobb passed away at 88, in Florida.
- Her autobiography is “Jerrie Cobb, Solo Pilot”.
- English translation of the Punjabi poem “Khooni Vaishakhi”, written by Nanak Singh, is released in Abu Dhabi, UAE on 19th April.
- The poem is based on the Jallianwala Bagh massacre and was released on the 13th April 2019 (100th anniversary of the massacre) in New Delhi.
- The poem was first published in 1920 and was banned by British Government.
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