July 27, 2018

DOWNLOAD CURRENT AFFAIRS FOR JULY 27, 2018 AS PDF

CLICK HERE TO ATTEMPT DAILY QUIZ FOR FREE

NATIONAL NEWS

  1. “#InnovateIndia Platform”, a collaboration between the Atal Innovation Mission and MyGov was launched by NITI Aayog.
    • The purpose is to create and encourage a structured ecosystem for innovation in India.
    • It is a citizen-centric platform of the Government of India to access the innovation in the country.
    • In this platform, registration of both grassroots and deep-tech innovators at a national level will happen.
  1. The National Green Tribunal formed a Monitoring Committee for Yamuna Rejuvenation Project.
    • A Bench headed by NGT chairperson Adarsh Kumar Goel directed the committee, comprising former Delhi Chief Secretary Shailaja Chandra and retired NGT expert member Bikram Singh Sajwan, to submit a report by December.
    • The green panel also directed the Haryana and Uttar Pradesh governments to assist the committee on the project.

 

  1. Chief Minister of Odisha Naveen Patnaik inaugurated the Rs 300 crore Rukura Medium Irrigation Dam project in Sundargarh district.

 

  1. Karnataka has become the leading State for renewable energy in India, surpassing Tamil Nadu, according to the report “Karnataka’s Electricity Sector Transformation” released by the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA).
    • Karnataka reached 3 gigawatts (GW) of total installed capacity in March 2018.

 

  1. Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu launched the ‘Project Gandiva’ and lay the foundation stone for ‘Amaravati International Sports Complex’ at
    • The long-term athletic development programme launched in 2018-19 aims to achieve medals in Olympic games in a span of ten years.
    • The projection is simple – “Andhra Pradesh to become No.1 in the country in athletics by 2021, bag medals in Asian and Commonwealth games in 2022, compete in the Olympics in 2024 and secure medals in the year 2028.
    • This is a part of the government’s new sports policy for the period 2017-22, drafted with an aim to groom talented sportspersons who can compete at national and International levels and bring laurels to the nation and State in particular.

 

  1. Billionaire Kumar Mangalam Birla’s Hindalco Industries Ltd has agreed to buy US aluminium sheet maker Aleris Corp. at an enterprise value of $2.58 billion to create the world’s second-largest aluminium maker.

 

  1. Infrastructure company Cube Highways has initiated talks with IL&FS Transportation Networks Ltd (ITNL) to acquire their 2km Chenani-Nashri road tunnel project in Jammu & Kashmir.
    • The tunnel on the Jammu-Srinagar highway links Chenani in Udhampur district with Nashri in Ramban district, reducing travel distance from 41km to 10.9km.
    • It is the longest road tunnel in India, which was opened in April 2017.

 

  1. The Kerala Tourism Development Corporation (KTDC) is all set to launch India’s first public sector hotel run entirely by women for women in the state’s capital city, Thiruvananthapuram.
    • The hotel, named ‘Hostess’, will come up at the KTDC complex.
    • The all-woman hotel is the first such initiative from a government institution in the country.
    • The hotel will mainly target women officials, researchers, sportspersons, teenage girls, business women and pilgrim groups, who arrive in the city for a short stay.
    • The staff at the hotel will also be all women, starting right from the bottom rung to the managerial position.

 

  1. The focus of the GST council’s meet to be held on August 4 would discuss both the direct and indirect tax issues facing MSMEs.
    • According to the data available with the MSME ministry, there are over 63 million MSMEs in the country engaged in manufacturing, services and trade, more than half of which are in rural areas. 
    • These enterprises account for about 110 million jobs and contribute about 29% of the country’s economic output.

 

  1. Department of Telecommunications (DoT) gave its final approval to a proposed merger of Vodafone India and Idea Cellular.
    • The new merged entity “Vodafone Idea Ltd” will overtake Bharti Airtel as India’s largest mobile phone operator.

 

  1. Automakers in India are bracing for policy uncertainties over when to stop the manufacturing and sales of vehicles that meet Bharat Stage VI emission norms.
    • India has followed the Bharat Stage IV norms since April 2017, and is scheduled to switch to Bharat Stage VI in April 2020.
    • Automakers would receive three months beyond April 2020, to clear their vehicle inventory.
    • Bharat Stage VI (BS VI) is an emission standard that will bring much-needed changes in the Indian automobile industry in terms of pollutant emissions.
    • With this emission norm coming into effect, India will come at par with the US, European countries and other advanced automotive markets across the globe.
    • Delhi became the first city in the country to implement the highest emission standards Bharat Stage VI for its vehicles.

 

  1. In what is set to be the longest total lunar eclipse of the century, the full moon is all set to pass through the earth’s shadow on July 27, 2018, will last for 1 hour 43 minutes.
    • The earlier long duration total lunar eclipse had occurred on 15 June 2011, which lasted for 1 hour 40 minutes.

 

  1. Companies in India are side-stepping the anti-dumping measures imposed by the government by deliberately misclassifying items imported from China, according to a report tabled by the Parliamentary Standing Committee on Commerce.
    • The anti-dumping framework also suffers with lax implementation.
    • This mis-declaration while importing the goods which otherwise have been put under anti-dumping measures nullify the whole effort to protect the domestic industry from unfair trade practices.
    • The Standing Committee named the steel industry as one of the major offenders in this regard.
    • There have been complaints from the domestic steel industry that Chinese non-alloy steel is being imported by being declared as alloy steel.
    • The committee noted that though nearly 75-80% of Chinese steel imports are covered under the anti-dumping duty, the import of such steel products have increased 8%.

 

  1. India has been designated as a nodal centre for preparing flash-flood forecasts by the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
    • India will have to develop a customised model that can issue advance warning of floods in Vietnam, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Thailand.
    • Using a combination of satellite mapping and ground-based observation, this system — called the Flash Flood Guidance System — aims to provide forecasts six hours in advance.
    • The Central Water Commission, which monitors India’s dams, warns of rising water levels in the reservoirs, which are usually taken to be signs of imminent floods. 
  1. Union Minister of Human Resource Development Prakash Javadekar said on that the Turnitin software to detect plagiarism in research, would be provided to all universities free of cost.
    • Plagiarism – the practice of taking someone else’s work or ideas and passing them off as one’s own.

 

INTERNATIONAL NEWS

  1. US President Donald Trump’s decision to impose sanctions on Iran and trade tariffs on imports from China and other nations has unleashed a Currency War.
    • A currency war, also known as competitive devaluation, is a situation wherein countries deliberately depreciate the value of their local currencies to gain a trade advantage over others.
    • This helps them make their exports attractive and spur economic growth
    • Impact on India – So far this year, the rupee has seen a depreciation of2%
    • A currency war is not considered to be healthy.
    • It can impact weak nations as a weak currency implies higher import costs.
    • It also hampers a nation’s debt repayment capabilities.
    • Analysts believe in the near term, rupee may go on to depreciate and remain in the range of 68-72 a dollar.
    • This could be largely led by three factors:
      1. rising current account deficit
      2. debt outflow ($6.4 billion in June 2018 quarter)
      3. pre-election uncertainty.
  1. China’s Toutiao, one of the world’s most valuable start-ups, has launched a social networking app called Helo to take on the country’s hottest digital media start-ups such as Dailyhunt, ShareChat and Clip as well as Facebook.
    • Helo, which aggregates content on parenting, showbiz, daily soaps and even farming, has already racked up more than 1 million downloads since its launch last month.

 

 

BANKING AND ECONOMY

  1. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is moving to shut down the Corporate Debt Restructuring (CDR) system.
    • The regulator has directed the CDR cell to transfer all pending cases to respective lead banks to complete the resolution process.
    • According to the latest available data, the CDR cell has approved restructuring of stressed loans worth ₹4 trillion since its inception in 2001.
    • Of this, ₹84,677 crore worth of loans exited the CDR cell successfully and ₹1.84 trillion exited without success.
    • Nearly ₹1.32 trillion worth of bad loans are presently undergoing restructuring in the cell.
    • The CDR system was framed 17 years ago in 2001 to restructure corporate debt outside the purview of Debt Recovery Tribunals (DRT) and the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction.
    • Its three-tiered structure consisted of CDR Standing Forum, CDR Empowered Group and CDR Cell. 
  1. State-run lender Bank of Baroda posted a 160% increase in net profit to ₹528.26 crore for the quarter ended June 30 as compared with ₹203.26 crore in the year-earlier period.
    • Net interest margin (NIM) improved to 2.7% from 2.5%. 
    • Net interest margin (NIM) is a measure of the difference between the interest income generated by banks or other financial institutions and the amount of interest paid out to their lenders (for example, deposits), relative to the amount of their (interest-earning) assets.

 

AWARDS

  1. Fortune released its The Ledger ’40 Under 40′ list and 4 persons of India-origin, including three women have been named on it.

Rank

Person

Position in company

4

Dhivya Suryadevara

CFO of General Motors

14

Anjali Sud

CEO of Vimeo

24

Baiju Bhatt

Cofounder and Co-CEO of Robinhood

32

Anu Duggal

founding partner of Female Founders Fund

 

  1. Two Indians Bharat Vatwaniand Sonam Wangchuk were named winners of 2018 Ramon Magsaysay Award.
    • A total of 6 persons were declared winners of 2018 Ramon Magsaysay Award.
    • Bharat Vatwani is awarded for leading the rescue of thousands of mentally ill destitute people and reuniting them with their families.
    • Sonam Wangchuk is awarded for his contribution in the field of education, culture and progress of communities in remote northern India.

 

MISCELLANEOUS

  1. According to a report on US journal Science, a massive underground lake has been detected for the first time on 
    • The tool that detected this is called  Mars Advanced Radar for Subsurface and Ionosphere Sounding (MARSIS).