October 30, 2018





  1. Between 1998-99 and 2015-16, Bihar has remained India’s poorest state among the BIMARU
    • BIMARU is an acronym formed from the first letters of the names of the Indian states of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh.
    • The Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) uses 10 indicators to measure poverty in three dimensions: Education, health and living standards.
    • If an individual is deprived in a third or more of ten weighted indicators, the index identifies them as poor, and the intensity of their poverty is measured by the number of deprivations they are experiencing.
    • In 2018 update, India’s MPI index in 2018 was 0.121, placing it 53rd out of 105 developing countries.
    • Poor nutrition was the largest contributor to India’s multidimensional poverty while insufficient access to clean water and child mortality contributed the least.
    • Alirajpur in Madhya Pradesh is the poorest district of India.




  1. World Health Organization (WHO) said air pollution was responsible for the deaths of over one lakh children under age 5 in India in 2016, and over 7,000 children between ages 5 and 14.
    • In both age groups, the death rate was much higher among girls than among boys.
    • Under age 5, air pollution accounted for the death of nearly 55,000 girls (death rate 96.6 per lakh) and nearly 47,000 boys (74.3 per lakh).
    • These were out of about six lakh children below the age of 15 who died due to air pollution across the world in 2016.
    • Air pollution accounted for more child deaths in India than in any of its neighbors, including China.
    • However, Myanmar and Pakistan had the highest death rate among these countries, in both age groups.



  1. India and Japan signed a Bilateral Currency Swap Agreement worth $75 billion during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Japan.
    • A currency swap typically involves the exchange of interest and sometimes of principal in one currency for the same in another currency.
    • Interest payments are exchanged at fixed dates through the life of the contract.
    • It is considered to be a foreign exchange transaction and is not required by law to be shown on a company’s balance sheet.
    • Japan had offered a $50 billion currency swap in 2013 and before that, one for $3 billion in 2008.



  1. Union Minister for Food Processing Industries Smt Harsimrat Kaur Badal inaugurated the Gujarat’s first Mega Food ParkThe Gujarat Agro Mega Food Park, in Surat, Gujarat.


  1. India released its first engine – less semi-high speed train called- Train 18.
    • It will eventually replace the Shatabdi Express for inter-city travel.
    • With Train 18 already set to go for trials, the railways will now turn its focus on another project – Train 20 – the next generation aluminium-bodied sleeper class trains that will replace the Rajdhani Express trains on the network and is expected to be rolled out by 2020.
    • It is driven by a self-propulsion module.


  1. Deepavali this year in Tamil Nadu, is in the early morning of November 6.
    • Diwali, pronounced as ‘Deepavali’, is celebrated commemorating the death of Narakashura, the Evil, slain by the Goddess in the early hours of dawn.


  1. Fourteen out of the 20 most polluted cities in the world are in India as per figures compiled and released earlier this year by the World Health Organization (WHO).
    • Delhi tops the charts of bad air quality nationally.



  1. No police station in Bihar has been linked so far with the Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems.
    • It is a pan-India database of crime and criminals.
    • The CCTNS, a ₹2,000-crore project, was conceptualised in 2009 by the then Home Minister P. Chidambaram in the wake of the 26/11 Mumbai terror attacks.
    • Its database helps law enforcement agencies to get information on crime and criminals on a real-time basis.


  1. The Odisha government launched the much-awaited Early Warning Dissemination System, the first-of-its-kind technology in India, to simultaneously warn coastal communities and fisherfolk about impending cyclone and tsunami through siren towers.
    • Sirens will go off from 122 towers installed along the 480-km-long coast of the State if a button is pressed in the State emergency centre in Bhubaneswar.



  1. The world’s largest airport terminal under one roof with a capacity to serve 90 million passengers was opened in Istanbul, Turkey.


  1. India will host Pakistan and representatives of seven member countries that are part of the China-led Shanghai Cooperation Organisation on handling urban disaster.
    • The National Disaster Response Force is hosting the preparatory meeting for the “Joint mock exercise on urban earthquake search and rescue” to be held next year in India.





  1. Michael D Higgins was re-elected as Irish president for the 2nd term.
  2. Jair Bolsonaro has been elected as President of Brazil.




  1. On 27th October 2018, 72nd Infantry Day was celebrated in India.
    • Infantry Day is celebrated to commemorate the selfless dedication to duty by Indian Army’s Infantrymen.
    • On 27 October 1947, elements of the Indian Army from 1st Battalion of the Sikh Regiment air landed at Srinagar and fought the raiders aided by Pakistan Army.



  1. Roger Federer won his 99th career ATP Tour title in the Swiss Indoors final in Basel, Switzerland.
  2. India and Pakistan jointly won the Asian Hockey Champions Trophy title in Muscat, Oman.





  1. Researchers from the University of Cape Town (UCT) in South Africa have developed the world’s first bio-brick grown from human urine.
    • The bio-bricks are created through a natural process called microbial carbonate precipitation.