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May 31, 2018



The process of adding assets with similar correlations to one’s portfolio, which increases risk but not returns.

Courtesy: Mint



  1. Yoga guru Baba Ramdev’s Patanjali launched a new swadeshi messaging application called ‘Kimbho’to compete with WhatsApp
    • The tagline of Kimbho is “Ab Bharat Bolega. 
  1. The Government of India and the World Bank signed a $500 million loan agreement to provide additional financing for the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) Rural Roads Project.
    • Under the project, 7,000 km of climate resilient roads will be built, out of which 3,500 km will be constructed using green technologies.
    • The loan from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), has a 3-year grace period, and a maturity of 10 years.
  1. The Ministry of Railways organized a one day workshop called ‘Mission Raftar’in New Delhi.
    • The objective is to double the average speed of freight trains and increase the speed of coaching trains by 25kmph.
  2. After 4years of bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh and Telengana, the state of Andhra Pradesh gets its own symbol.
    • Neem and Black Buckhave been declared as the state tree and the state animal respectively.
    • Rose-ringed Parakeet will be the State Bird.
    • Jasmine will be the state flower.
  1. e-PDS app for ration card holders launched by Food, Civil supplies and Consumer Affairs (FCC) department of Himachal Pradesh.
    • e-PDS – Electronic Public Distribution System
    • The beneficiaries will get the ration card in the digital form in the app and can use them for transactions in the ration shops.
  1. The Cabinet of Haryana approved the ordinance to grant salary and allowance to the Chief whip by Haryana Legislative Assembly ( Salary, Allowances and Pension Members ) Act, 1975.
    • These amendments were done in many other state legislatures like : Delhi, Jharkhand , Kerala , Karnataka , Rajasthan.
  2. A financial assistance of Rs. 5 Lakhwas granted to Manipuri Fencer  Kh. Kalambia Chanu .
  1. The 34th meeting of the Central Sanctioning and Monitoring took place in New Delhi.
  • In this meeting the approval for construction of new 1.5 lakh affordable houses took place
  • Announced under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojna (Urban).
  1. Asian Development Bank approved $375 million loan in Madhya Pradesh.
    • To expand irrigation network
  1. The ministry of Statistics reported that India’s GDP grew at robust 7% in Q4 of financial year 2017-18.
    • The full year growth is at 7%
  2. Mahindra & Mahindra has signed two MoUs with Maharashtra Government to advance its next phase of expansion in electric vehicles (EVs) and to achieve its goal to become completely electric ready.
  1. The Tata Motors and Maharashtra Government have signed a MoU to deploy 1,000 Electric Vehicles across a range of passenger and commercial vehicles in Maharashtra.
  1. The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully test-fired upgraded guided version of Pinaka Rocket from Proof & Experiment Establishment (PXE) at Chandipur, Odisha.
  1. Central Board of Indirect Taxes and Customs (CBIC) has launched a tax refund drive and issued instructions to swiftly settle refund claims of exporters that are held up because of mismatches in the returns filed by them.
    • The move is meant to streamline the new indirect tax regime and improve the cash flow of exporters who have been complaining that refund delays make them less competitive.
  1. In four years’ time, NDA government has provided 100 million additional LPG connections.
    • Out of 270 million households in India, only 130 million had LPG connections four years ago.



  1. A group of 26 countries including India will participate in the biennial Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC) military exercise in and around the Hawaiian islands and Southern California.
    • It is known as the world’s largest international maritime exercise 
    • For the first time, new countries are participating in RIMPAC.
      • They are Brazil, Israel, Sri Lanka, Vietnam.
    • The Theme of 2018 RIMPAC is ‘Capable, Adaptive, Partners’.
  1. United States has renamed its oldest and largest strategically important military command US Pacific Command (PACOM) to Indo-Pacific Command (INDOPACOM).
    • The decision was taken in recognition of growing importance of Indian Ocean in US strategic thinking
  1. The world’s longest flight of 18 hours 45 minutes will restart its operations from Newark Liberty International Airport to Singapore.
    • Covering about 10,000 miles as announced by Singapore Airlines Ltd.


  1. Indian Oil Corporation has emerged as India’s most profitable state-owned company for the second consecutive year.
    • Indian Oil posted a record profit of Rs. 21,346 crore in 2017-18, followed by ONGC, whose profit stood at Rs. 19,945 crore.
    • Reliance Industries is the most profitable company for the third year with highest ever profit of Rs. 36,075 Crore.



  1. Every year, on 31 May, World Health Organization and partners mark World No Tobacco Day (WNTD). 
    • The theme of World No Tobacco Day 2018 is “Tobacco and heart disease.”



  1. HDFC bank has been recognized with the Champion Security Award at the 14th Visa Asia Pacific Security Summit.

Australia/New Zealand:

National Australia Bank Limited

Greater China:

National Credit Card Centre, Taiwan

India & South Asia:

HDFC Bank Limited


Mitsubishi UFJ NICOS CO., Ltd

South Korea:

Lotte Card Company, Limited

Best in Asia Pacific:

United Overseas Bank (Singapore)


  1. Nobel laureate Kailash Satyarthiwas awarded with ‘Santokbaa Humanitarian Award’ for his contribution to the betterment of society.
  1. American rapper Kendrick Lamar was presented the Pulitzer Prize in music for his 2017 album DAMN, at an event held in Columbia University, New York City, in United States.
  • First Jazz musician to win Pulitzer Prize.



  1. Scientists from Newcastle University, UK have created world’s first 3D printed human corneas (3D printed thin protective film over eye) that could solve problem of shortage of available eye donors and help millions of blind people gain sight again.
  1. Scientists have discovered world’s oldest lizard fossil, the fossil of a lizard-like creature named Megachirella wachtleri.
  1. Maharashtra Agriculture minister Pandurang Fundkar died.