Current Affairs for July 9, 2019
BANKING AND ECONOMY
CURRENT AFFAIRS VIDEO
- According to Ministry of Women and Child Development, Uttarakhand is the best performing states in terms of improving the sex ratio at birth (SRB) by effectively implementing “Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao” (BBBP) scheme.
- Haryana has won 3 awards (1 for the entire state and 2 for districts named as Bhiwani and Mahendragarh) for improving the SRB under BBBP.
|Ministry||Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare & Ministry of Human Resource Development|
|Aim||To increase child sex ratio and women empowerment|
- Indian Army is planning to buy the ‘Excalibur artillery ammunition’ from USA under the emergency procurement procedures.
- Excalibur artillery ammunition: – It can strike targets at a distance of more than 50 km with the use of the GPS.
- Damanganga-Pinjal project will resolve the water crisis of Mumbai and other surrounding areas (suburbs) of Mumbai till 2060.
- It has been approved in 2015 for implementation.
- It will divert excess water from reservoirs in the Damanganga basin to Mumbai’s Pinjal dam, built on the Pinjal river in Vaitarna basin.
- Besides, Mumbai Metropolitan Region Development Authority will provide Rs 403 crore for the Kalu dam to fulfil the water needs of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region.
- Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare launched a “Coffee Table Book” to commemorate its partnership of 50 years with United Nations World Food Program (UMWFP).
- ‘The Coffee Table Book – 50 years of Partnership for Change’ mentions India’s achievements in eliminating hunger and malnutrition with the help of UNWFP.
- Agriculture Ministry and UNWFP have collaborated to accomplish Sustainable Development Goal 2 (zero hunger) and to address food and nutritional security in India.
- DRDO successfully test fired three Nag missiles in Pokhran, Rajasthan.
- NAG Missile System (NAMIS) is a 3rd generation Anti-Tank Guided Missile, developed by DRDO.
- It is the one of the five missiles developed under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (initiated in 1980s).
- Other missiles developed under this program are Agni, Prithvi, Trishul and Akash.
- Indian Haj mission in Saudi Arabia has adopted digital technology to connect with a large number of pilgrims. This initiative is a part of Digital India initiative of Indian Government.
Under this digital mission:-
- An app – “Haj App” has been launched to facilitate smooth journey of Indian pilgrims.
- An online platform: – e-MASIHA (Medical Assistance System for Indian Hajis Abroad) was also launched to provide appropriate treatment to the pilgrims by recording their medical history.
- To empower Muslim women, Indian government has removed restrictions on single women pilgrims to encourage them to travel to Haj.
- Indian Parliament has levied 200% import duty on all goods imported from Pakistan w.e.f. February 2019 by adopting a statutory resolution.
- In this regard, Parliament has approved amendment in 1st schedule of Customs Tariff Act (CTA), 1975.
- Also, basic custom duty on lentils has been increased from 40% to 50%, on diagnostic items from 20% to 30% and on boric acid from 17.5 to 27.5%.
- A fortnightly bulletin of the National Museum of Indian Cinema– “NMIC Bulletin”, has been brought out by the Films Division in Mumbai.
- Central government has proposed to set up a National Repository of Photographs of Criminals to curb the organized crime.
- National Crime Records Bureau also seeks to set up the “Automated Facial Recognition System” to track the missing children and dead bodies with facial recognition.
- Ministry of Home Affairs will implement all safeguards to prevent the breach of this repository.
- The repository will be driven by Artificial Intelligence and can only be accessed by Police and Law Enforcement bodies under the ‘Access Control Policy’ of NCRB.
- INS Vikrant will be delivered by 2021 and is currently being built by Cochin Shipyard as part of the Indigenous Aircraft Carrier Project.
- Currently, India has only one aircraft carrier- INS Vikramaditya.
- INS Vishal is the planned aircraft carrier of Indian Navy.
- Madhya Pradesh will build 300 smart gaushalas in the state under its ‘Project Gaushala’ over the next five years.
- For it, state and a private company (name undisclosed) have signed an MoU to construct the infrastructure of gaushalas at a cost of Rs 11 crore for each gaushala.
- PM Narendra Modi has shared a blog- ‘A Daughter, A Tree and A Teacher’ focussed on water conservation on his Twitter account.
- Uniform Civil Code (UCC) plea will be presented before the 22nd Law Commission (once the commission is set up) for consideration.
- UCC seeks to establish a common set of rules governing every citizen by replacing personal laws based on the scriptures and customs of each major religious community in India.
- Article 44 of the constitution, mandates the states to apply these principles of UCC while forming the policies for the state.
- “India’s largest Sewage Treatment Plant” (STP) will be built at Okhla, New Delhi at a cost of ₹1,161 crore in partnership with French company Suez Group.
- It will have a capacity of 124 millions gallons per day and is expected to be completed within 42 months.
- IIT-Delhi’s Rural Technology Action Group (RuTAG) has undertaken a project along with Lupin Foundation in 2012 for improving devices and technology for women who weave tulsi-mala beads in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan.
- Rajasthan Assembly has passed the “Rajasthan Lokayukta and Up-Lokyuktas (Amendment) Bill” in which the tenure of Lokayukta has been reduced from 8 to 5 years.
- At Central level Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act was enacted in 2013.
- “Safe Drive, Save Life” campaign of West Bengal has reduced the deaths by road accidents from 407 fatalities in 2016 to 294 in 2018 (a 27.7% fall) in Kolkata area.
- Across the state, the number of road accidents has been reduced by 17.8% from 6,951 in 2016 to 5,711 in 2018.
- Karnataka’s Higher Education Board has mandated all the State-run universities to provide 1% reservation for girl children of sexually-exploited women or Devadasis.
- This first of its kind quota will be enforced in 2019-2020 academic year in all undergraduate and postgraduate
- Section 30 of the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 mandates states/UTs to establish special courts in each district for speedy trial of human rights offences.
- Section 31 of the Act: provides the State government to appoint a special public prosecutor in that court.
- Recently, Supreme Court has reprimanded the state/UTs for delay in setting up these courts.
- Tea Board of India is planning to suck about 100 million kg of tea away from India market to support the declining profits of estate-based tea industry.
- It also plans to set a floor price for the sale of tea at auctions.
- Following amendment bills were introduced in the Parliament.
- Consumer Protection (Amendment) Bill: seeks to enforce and make stricter the product liability action (Product liability refers to the liability of manufacturers in case of faulty products).
- It will replace the Consumer Protection Act 1986 and envisages to create a Central Consumer Protection Authority to promote and protect the rights of consumers.
- DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill:- It seeks to set up a DNA regulatory board and DNA data banks at national and regional levels to expand the DNA-based forensic technology in resolving criminal disputes.
- Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Bill:- To give power to centre to remove or add an individual in the proposed schedule of offences.
- It also gives powers to National Investigation Agency (NIA) to seize the property, when the case is investigated by the agency.
- Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial (Amendment) Bill 2019:- seeks to remove the president of the Congress party as a permanent trustee to the Jallianwala Bagh Trust.
- Central Universities (Amendment) Bill:- To establish two universities in Andhra Pradesh- Central University and Central Tribal University.
- Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill:- To change the process of appointment of chairperson at National Human Rights Commission.
- It also seeks to increase the number of members from 2 to 3, out of which one shall be a woman.
- Public Premises (Amendment) Bill:- To facilitate smooth eviction of encroachers of government properties.
- National Investigation Agency (NIA) amendment Bill: – To amend the NIA act 2008.
- It gives powers to NIA to investigate terror issues as well as the following crimes: –
|human trafficking||offences related to counterfeit currency or bank notes||manufacture or sale of prohibited arms|
|cyber-terrorism||offences under the Explosive Substances Act, 1908||–|
[The bills are yet to be discussed in detail by the Parliament.]
22. Government is setting up the specialist laboratories for diagnosis of genetic diseases, that will be run under the human genetics and genome analysis programme of the Department of Biotechnology (DoB), Ministry of Science and Technology.
- Genetic diseases cause the maximum deaths among infants and children.
- There are 117 aspirational districts that do not have such diagnostic facilities.
- DoB is in the process of initiating programme on ‘Establishment of Diagnostic labs (NIDAN-Kendra)’ for genetic testing and counselling services.
- World’s largest burn and plastic surgery institute named as “Sheikh Hasina National Burn and Plastic Surgery Institute” has been opened in Dhaka, Bangladesh.
- The hospital has 500 beds, 50 ICUs and 12 operation theatres, becoming the largest burn and plastic surgery institute in the world.
- 54 countries out of a total 55 members of African Union have signed the “Africa Continent Free Trade Area” (ACFTA) during the AU summit in Niger to establish a unified trade market for the African countries.
- ACFTA aims to facilitate trade by allowing free movement of labour and investment.
BANKING AND ECONOMY
- RBI has finalized a strategic plan called “Utkarsh 2022” to strengthen the market regulation and supervision of RBI in the next three years.
- It is a medium-term strategy that aims to improve regulation, supervision of the central bank.
- An internal committee was formed, headed by outgoing Deputy Governor Viral Acharya, to identify issues that needed to be addressed over the next three years.
- Loan to Bhushan Power and Steel Ltd. has been declared as NPA by Punjab National Bank.
- PNB has given more than Rs 4,000 crore loan and out of it, Rs 3, 805 crores have already been declared as NPA.
- Frauds of Public Sector Bank:
- Budget 2019: Government will provide Rs 70,000 funds to public sector banks (PSB) in 2019-20 to boost their lending activities.
- Over the last five years, recapitalisation of PSBs has been done to the extent of ₹3.19 lakh crore, with infusion of ₹2.5 lakh crore by the government, according to Nirmala Sitharamana.
- Government has formed an Inter-Ministerial Committee (IMC) under the chairmanship of Secretary of Department of Economic Affairs.
- Purpose: – To examine the feasibility of introducing cryptocurrency as legal tender in India.
- M Nageswar Rao has been appointed as the Director General of Fire Services, Civil Defence and Home Guard.
- Previously, he was the additional director of CBI.
- Genesis Foundation (a Gurgaon based NPO) was conferred the ‘CSR Implementation Partner’ award in the leadership category in Health Impact Award in New Delhi.
- Reason: For its contribution towards the ‘Project Little Hearts’ (a joint initiative with WPP India CSR Foundation).
- ‘Project Little Hearts’: – Launched to treat underprivileged children suffering from congenital heart disorders.
- The award appreciates the organizations for health-focused CSR initiatives.
- Following awards were distributed at the 8th edition of FIFA Women’s World Cup 2019 (won by USA) that was held in France: –
Golden Boot Award (Best Player of the tournament)
Megan Rapinoe (USA)
Golden Ball Award (Top Scorer of the tournament)
Megan Rapinoe (USA)
Golden Glove Award (Best goalkeeper of the tournament)
Sari van Veenendaal (Netherland)
- Gully Boy, directed by Zoya Akhtar, won the NETPAC award for Best Asian Film at the 23rd Bucheon International Fantastic Film Festival (BIFAN) in South Korea.
- Wrestlers Vinesh Phogat (53 kg), Divya Kakarn (68 Kg) won Gold medals in the Grand Prix of Spain 2019 in Madrid, Spain.
- Pooja Dhanda won the silver medal.
- Kutno Athletics Meet 2019 was concluded in Poland: –
Gold (Women’s 200m race)
Gold (Men’s 200m race)
Gold (Men’s 400m hurdles)
M P Jabir
- YONEX Canada Open (Badminton) 2019 was held in Canada.
- Winner in Men’s singles: Li Shi feng (China).
- Winner in Women’s singles: An Se-young (South Korea).
- Medal to India: – Parupalli Kashyap (SILVER)
- International Olympic Committee (IOC) removed ban on Kuwait Olympic Committee (KOC) for competing in Olympics 2020.
- Reason: – IOC imposed ban on 2015 following a sports law that was incompatible with the basic principles that govern the Olympic games.
- Recently, Sheikh Fahad Nasser Sabah Ahmad Al Sabah was elected President of the KOC.
- Mexico’s men’s soccer team won its 8th cup at the 15th edition of CONCACAF Gold Cup 2019 held in Illinois, Chicago.
- Gold Cup: It is an international men’s football championship of North, Central American, and Caribbean region organized by CONCACAF in every 2 years.
- 2019 cup was hosted by United States, Costa Rica and Jamaica.
- Jaspreet Bumra has become the 2nd fastest Indian to take 100 wickets after Mohammed Shami, in one-day international matches.
- Asian women’s u-23 championship (volleyball) is going to be held in Hanoi, Vietnam.
1. Rijksmuseum in Netherlands has begun its biggest ever restoration project “Operation Night Watch” to restore the Rembrandt’s (Dutch painter) The Night Watch
- The multi-million-euro overhaul of the giant 1642 masterpiece, one of the world’s most famous paintings, will also be streamed online so that “everyone in the world” can see.
COMPLETE UNION BUDGET HAS BEEN COVERED IN THIS VIDEO: –