• Kailash satyarthi, founder of bachpan bachao andolan, was awarded nobel peace prize in 2014 for his fight against child labour.
  • Child Labour perpetuates illiteracy, unemployment, poverty, population growth and other socio-economic problems in the country.
  • Since the inception of bachpan bachao andolan, it has rescued more than 84000 children
  • India has the highest number of child labourers in the world.
  • As per NSSO, in 2011 there were 8 lakh child labourers in India
  • In 1973, International labour organization (ILO) passed the ILO convention 138 that prohibits children under 14 to be employed.
  • In 1999, Convention 182 banned child labour, child slavery, child trafficking and involvement of children in hazardous work. India has still not ratified these two conventions. A total of only 7 countries have not ratified the convention.
  • The child labour (prohibition and regulation) act (CLPR act), 1986 prohibited employment of children under 14 in hazardous conditions.
  • This weak law left almost 90% of child labour out of its perview.
  • In 2012, CLPR amendment bill was introduced, which makes any form of labour under 14 illegal (except family enterprise) o prohibits hazardous work for children between 15-18 o higher punishments.
  • Government of India needs to take inspiration from programs in other countries. In Brazil, a welfare program called “Bolsa familia” was introduced, which incentivizes families to send and keep their children in school.

 

 

Child Labour+

  • Kailash satyarthi, founder of bachpan bachao andolan, was awarded nobel peace prize in 2014 for his fight against child labour.
  • Child Labour perpetuates illiteracy, unemployment, poverty, population growth and other socio-economic problems in the country.
  • Since the inception of bachpan bachao andolan, it has rescued more than 84000 children
  • India has the highest number of child labourers in the world.
  • As per NSSO, in 2011 there were 49.8 lakh child labourers in India
  • In 1973, International labour organization (ILO) passed the ILO convention 138 that prohibits children under 14 to be employed.
  • In 1999, convention 182 banned child labour, child slavery, child trafficking and involvement of children in hazardous work. India has still not ratified these two conventions. A total of only 7 countries have not ratified the convention.
  • The child labour (prohibition and regulation) act (CLPR act), 1986 prohibited employment of children under 14 in hazardous conditions.
  • This weak law left almost 90% of child labour out of its perview.
  • In 2012, CLPR amendment bill was introduced, which makes any form of labour under 14 illegal (except family enterprise) o prohibits hazardous work for children between 15-18 o higher punishments.
  • Government of India needs to take inspiration from programs in other countries. In Brazil, a welfare program called “Bolsa familia” was introduced, which incentivizes families to send and keep their children in school.