• Education forms the core of India’s “tryst with destiny”.
  • Our founding fathers and freedom fighters, and even spiritual torchbearers such as Vivekananda and Sri Aurobindo had consistently written about education’s importance in a newly born nation.


Broad Objectives of Education

Education must develop multi – dimensional intelligence among students. This may include :

  1. Cognitive intelligence covering skill development and research orientation
  2. Emotional intelligence for team spirit and risk taking attitude
  3. Moral intelligence to blend personal ambitions with national goals
  4. Social intelligence to defend civil rights and fight inequality
  5. Spiritual intelligence for peace



  1. Primary level schooling suffers from the problem of quality — content and pedagogy.
    1. Accessibility is pretty good as over 135 million children are enrolled in primary schools with gross enrollment ration touching 100%. → However, the quality of education given to them suffers due to poor course design, teacher absenteeism and poor teaching methods.
    2. Also, lack of community participation where parents and gram panchayats can control the performance evaluation of teachers is not there.
  2. Secondary level schooling suffers from the problem of choice in courses due to which a large percentage of students drop out. → Dropout rate is around 50% for students from primary to secondary level.
  3. The tertiary and vocational level education suffers from the problem of lack of rating and certifications in public and private institutions.




  1. Primary level → New draft education policy envisages revamped course design at this level. It also envisages compulsory certification of teachers, enhanced training and greater monitoring of in class teaching methods.
  2. Secondary level → New draft education policy envisages doing away with the detention policy to focus on teaching outcomes.
  3. Tertiary level → New draft education policy envisages doing away with UGC and creating an autonomous National Education Regulator to oversee higher education. → National Knowledge Commission also recommended this.

→ National Institute Ratings Framework [NIRF] has been launched to rank and rate colleges both private and public.