- Education forms the core of India’s “tryst with destiny”.
- Our founding fathers and freedom fighters, and even spiritual torchbearers such as Vivekananda and Sri Aurobindo had consistently written about education’s importance in a newly born nation.
Education must develop multi – dimensional intelligence among students. This may include :
- Cognitive intelligence covering skill development and research orientation
- Emotional intelligence for team spirit and risk taking attitude
- Moral intelligence to blend personal ambitions with national goals
- Social intelligence to defend civil rights and fight inequality
- Spiritual intelligence for peace
- Primary level schooling suffers from the problem of quality — content and pedagogy.
- Accessibility is pretty good as over 135 million children are enrolled in primary schools with gross enrollment ration touching 100%. → However, the quality of education given to them suffers due to poor course design, teacher absenteeism and poor teaching methods.
- Also, lack of community participation where parents and gram panchayats can control the performance evaluation of teachers is not there.
- Secondary level schooling suffers from the problem of choice in courses due to which a large percentage of students drop out. → Dropout rate is around 50% for students from primary to secondary level.
- The tertiary and vocational level education suffers from the problem of lack of rating and certifications in public and private institutions.
- Primary level → New draft education policy envisages revamped course design at this level. It also envisages compulsory certification of teachers, enhanced training and greater monitoring of in class teaching methods.
- Secondary level → New draft education policy envisages doing away with the detention policy to focus on teaching outcomes.
- Tertiary level → New draft education policy envisages doing away with UGC and creating an autonomous National Education Regulator to oversee higher education. → National Knowledge Commission also recommended this.
→ National Institute Ratings Framework [NIRF] has been launched to rank and rate colleges both private and public.