• Key Provisions:
    • The bill allows for juveniles 16 years or older to be tried as adults for heinous offences like rape and murder. Heinous offences are those which are punishable with imprisonment of seven years or more.
    • The bill mandates setting up Juvenile Justice Boards and Child Welfare Committees in every district. Both must have at least one woman member each.
    • Once the bill becomes law, the decision to try a juvenile 16 years or older as an adult will be taken by the Juvenile Justice Board, which will have a judicial magistrate and two social workers as members. If the board decides against it, the juvenile will be sent for rehabilitation.
    • The Child Welfare Committees will look at institutional care for children in their respective districts. Each committee will have a chairperson and four other members, all specialists in matters relating to children.
    • India is a signatory to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child which mandates that all children under the age of 18 years be treated equal. The pending bill has been criticised for violation of the Convention.
    • Several Rehabilitation and Social Integration Measures for institutional and non-institutional children.
      • Provides for sponsorship and foster care.
    • The bill also deals with adoption of children and lays down the eligibility criteria for adoptive parents. A central adoption resource agency will frame the rules for adoption, which will be implemented by state and district level agencies.