Paper – I:
Constitutional and Administrative Law:
- Constitution and Constitutionalism: The distinctive features of the Constitution.
- Fundamental rights – Public interest litigation; Legal Aid; Legal services authority.
Relationshipbetween fundamental rights, directive principles and fundamental duties. Constitutionalposition of the President and relation with the Council of Ministers.
- Governor and his powers.
- Supreme Court and High Courts:
(a) Appointments and transfer.
(b) Powers, functions and jurisdiction.
- Centre, States and local bodies:
(a) Distribution of legislative powers between the Union and the States.
(b) Local bodies.
Administrativerelationship among Union, State and Local Bodies.
(d) Eminent domain – State property – common property – community property.
- Legislative powers, privileges and immunities.
- Services under the Union and the States:
(a) Recruitment and conditions of services; Constitutional safeguards; Administrative
(b) Union Public Service Commission and State Public Service Commissions – Power and functions
(c) Election Commission – Power and functions.
- Emergency provisions.
- Amendment of the Constitution.
- Principles of natural justice – Emerging trends and judicial approach.
- Delegated legislation and its constitutionality.
- Separation of powers and constitutional governance.
- Judicial review of administrative action.
- Ombudsman: Lokayukta, Lokpal etc.
- Nature and definition of international law.
Relationshipbetween international law and municipal law.
- State recognition and state succession.
- Law of the sea: Inland waters, territorial sea, contiguous zone, continental shelf, exclusive economic zone, high seas.
- Individuals: Nationality, statelessness; Human rights and procedures available for their enforcement.
Territorialjurisdiction of States, extradition and asylum.
- Treaties: Formation, application, termination and reservation.
- United Nations: Its principal organs, powers, functions and reform.
- Peaceful settlement of disputes – different modes.
- Lawful recourse to force: aggression, self-defence, intervention.
- Fundamental principles of international humanitarian law – International conventions and contemporary developments.
- Legality of the use of nuclear weapons;
banon testingof nuclear weapons; Nuclear – non proliferationtreaty, CTBT.
- International terrorism,
state sponsoredterrorism, hijacking, international criminal court.
- New international economic order and monetary law: WTO, TRIPS, GATT, IMF, World Bank.
- Protection and improvement of the human environment: International efforts.
Paper – II
Law of Crimes:
- General principles of criminal liability: Mens rea and actus reus,
mensrea in statutory offences.
- Kinds of punishment and emerging trends as to
abolitionof capital punishment.
- Preparation and criminal attempt.
- General exceptions.
- Joint and constructive liability.
- Criminal conspiracy.
- Offences against the State.
- Offences against public
- Offences against
- Offences against property.
- Offences against women.
- Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
- Protection of Civil Rights Act 1955 and subsequent legislative developments.
- Plea bargaining.
Law of Torts:
- Nature and definition.
- Liability based upon fault and strict liability; Absolute liability.
- Vicarious liability including State liability.
- General defences.
- False imprisonment.
- Malicious prosecution.
- Consumer Protection Act, 1986.
Law of Contracts and Mercantile Law:
- Nature and formation of contract/
- Factors vitiating free consent.
- Void, voidable, illegal and unenforceable agreements.
- Performance and discharge of contracts.
- Quasi- Contracts.
- Consequences of breach of contract.
- Contract of indemnity, guarantee and insurance.
- Contract of
- Sale of goods and hire purchase.
- Formation and dissolution of
- Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881.
- Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.
- Standard form contracts.
Contemporary Legal Developments
- Public Interest Litigation.
- Intellectual property rights – Concept, types/prospects.
- Information Technology Law including Cyber Laws – Concept, purpose/ prospects.
- Competition Law- Concept, purpose/ prospects.
- Alternate Dispute Resolution – Concept, types/prospects.
- Major statutes concerning environmental law.
- Right to Information Act.
- Trial by media.