National Food Security Act, 2013 (NFSA)

  • It aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately two thirds of India’s population i.e 75% in rural areas and 50% in urban areas.
  • It converts the various existing food security schemes into legal entitlements (i.e.) from welfare based approach to rights based approach.
  • It includes the Midday Meal Scheme, ICDS scheme and the PDS. It also recognizes maternity entitlements.
  • Under NFSA, each beneficiaries is entitled to 5 kilograms of food grains per month at Rs.3, Rs.2, Rs.1 per kg for rice, wheat and coarse grains respectively.
  • However, the beneficiaries under Antyodaya Anna Yojana will keep receiving the 35 Kg per household per month at same rates.
  • It guarantees age appropriate meal, free of charge through local anganwadi for children up to 6 months and one free meal for children in age group 6-14 years in schools.
  • Every pregnant and lactating mother is entitled to a free meal at the local anganwadi as well as maternity benefits of Rs 6,000, in instalments. Maternal benefits not extend to Government employees.
  • The identification of eligible households is left to state governments.