The proposed NMAC is an attempt by the Union government to monitor online blogs, articles etc. and counter any attack on it based on factually incorrect data.

The criticism against such a monitoring agency are –

  1. NMAC may come in conflict with SC judgement in Shreya Singhal Case which had declared Sec 66A of IT Act unconstitutional
  2. Monitoring of Social media websites may rekindle protests over violation of individual privacy as per Article 21 — even Supreme Court has declared Right to Privacy as a constitutional right in the Rajagopal Case
  3. Can be used for narrow political gains and suppress genuine discontent and against the freedom to Speech and Expression in article 19


However, there are certain benefits to such an agency as well –

  1. IT Act: The move is in accordance with Sec 69 of IT Act which allows government to intercept/monitor computer data in the interest of integrity, public order etc.
  2. Schemes:The gathered content can be used to improve government schemes as is being done by private companies to improve their services through big data analytics
  3. Monitor Rumors that can lead to violence: → incidents such as Bangalore hiatus of North Eastern people has raised concerns over power of social media in leading to human made disasters.
  4. Control Mob violence caused due to online blogs etc


Motion of Thanks

Motion of Thanks is a discussion on the Presidential Address to both houses after the general election or at the beginning of budget Session as per Art 87.

An amendment to the Motion is moved by an opposition against the government’s policy-roadmap laid down in the address.

Reasons for which such an amendment is resorted to –

  1. To convey dissatisfaction against the government’s policies as was done in 2001 against the disinvestment of BALCO
  2. To raise issues which hold widespread social implications as was done on the Babri-Masjid/Ram Janmabhoomi dispute
  3. To prevent dictatorship of ruling party as such an amendment is rarely moved and often indicates lack of consensus-building measures undertaken by the ruling party
  4. To include elements of opposition’s viewpoint in the Presidential address as he is mandated to act only on the COM’s advice as per Art 74

The significance of the current amendment is that it seeks to address the issue of educational limitations imposed on Haryana/Rajasthan Panchayat elections.


Although, it is a social issue, the amendment is against the SC judgement in Rajbala Case which upheld the legality of such educational requirements.


However, since the amendment was not passed in Lok Sabha, the government is not obliged to resign. It should however, encourage the government to  reach out to the opposition and build consensus in enacting legislations.


Women in Sports needed. Why?

The need for popularizing women’s game arises from the following –

  1. Enhance India’s ability to win at women-centred events like gymnastics and synchronized swimming in world-events like Olympics
  2. Encourage sports as an alternative career avenue for women, leading to greater participation and raising the quality of women’s game
  3. Women sport-stars can be a better medium to fight against social evils like female foeticide, dowry system etc.
  4. Research papers show that sports lower stress levels and improves confidence which can be effective in countering increasing suicide rates and obesity among urban Indian women
  5. Can have a positive spill-over effect for women into other sectors such as startups, armed forces etc.


Steps which can be taken to popularize women’s game are –

  1. Equal remuneration to women and men in sports as was done in Wimbledon in 2007
  2. Extending the Lodha Panel’s recommendation of including women in Player Associations to participate in decision-making, to all sports
  3. Obliging sponsors to sign sponsorship deals with both men and women’s team as a single unit, especially in cricket where the asymmetry is high
  4. Greater coverage to women’s sports in national channels and disseminating information about women sports-stars through interviews, documentaries etc.
  5. Setting up a Commission to look into cases of asymmetric funding, infrastructural deficiencies, lack of women coaches etc.