Neem Coating policy of Urea
(Ministry of Chemical and Fertilizers)
Urea is an important supplier of nitrogen, which is necessary for the development of plants. But only 30-40 per cent of nitrogen present in the urea is utilized by crops. The rest gets degraded.
To check nitrogen, some chemicals, which are very costly, coated over urea. Neem also has properties that check nitrogen loss at each stage. Coating Urea with Neem oil or Neem cake has been proved to be an effective natural alternative to these chemicals.
To promote neem coated urea, Government has introduced a policy.
- In January 2015, the government allowed the urea producers to produce up to 100% of production as Neem coated urea.
- Further, the government made it mandatory to produce at least 75% of domestic Urea as Neem coated.
- This policy has made by the ‘department of Fertilizers’ under the Ministry of ‘Chemicals and fertilizers.
Importance of the policy
- Neem coating leads to more gradual release of urea, helping plants gain more nutrient and resulting in higher yields.
- Neem serves as a natural insecticide
- Collection of neem seeds is needed for manufacturing of neem coated urea. This would generate employment in rural areas.
- Neem-coating will help check heavily subsidized urea’s pilferage to chemical industry.