• Education is the foundation of any modern society. Historically, India has had a strong tradition of promoting both scientific as well as religious learning.
  • Customs such as “guru-shishya” relationship and the excellence demonstrated by Indian engineers, scientists and management personnel on international stage speaks volumes of the Indian mind.
  • However, despite several measures, education has not met the rising standards of the 21st century. An urgent policy to utilize India’s massive demographic dividend is need of the hour. In this context, TSR Subramaniam committee has submitted a new education policy for India.


Recommendations of the Committee:

  1. Spending Increase: Total public spending on education must increase from current 3% to 6% of GDP with immediate effect.
  2. Scrapping of UGC.
  3. Allowing foreign universities to set up campuses in India
  4. All India Cadre of Education Service.
  5. Compulsory Quality Audit of Schools every 3 years
  6. Position of VCs in universities should be non-political
  7. Licensing of Teachers: Compulsory licensing or certification for teachers in government and private schools should be made mandatory, with provision for renewal every 10 years based on independent external testing.
  8. Pre-school education as a Right: Pre-school education for the age group of 4-5 years should be declared as a right as provided by DPSPs.
  9. Expansion of mid-day meal: The ambit of Mid Day Meal scheme should be expanded to cover students of secondary schools.
  10. Teacher Entrance Tests (TET) should be made compulsory for recruitment of all teachers. Also for admission to B.Ed courses minimum marks at graduate level should be 50%.
  11. No Detention Policy to be removed: The no detention policy must be continued for children until class V only when the child will be 11 years old. After class V, at the upper primary stage, system of detention shall be restored subject to the provision of remedial coaching and at least two extra chances being offered to prove capability to move to a higher class.
  12. The 25% economically weaker section quota in private schools should be extended to minority institutions, as number of schools claiming religious or linguistic minority status has increased tremendously.
  13. Focus on girl education
  14. Inclusion of value learning and ethics in the classroom.


No Detention Policy

  • Various state governments (18) have demanded repeal of no detention policy given in Right to Education Act.
  • As per Section 16 of RTE Act, the students up to class VIII are automatically promoted to the next class without being held back even if they do not get a passing grade.
  • This has been implemented as part of the Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) under the RTE Act to ensure all-round development of students.



Older Policies:

  1. First policy: 1968; Second: 1986 (most recent), under Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi govts respectively.
  2. The National Education Policy (NEP) of 1986 was revised in 1992.



Other Schemes:

  1. Volunteer Teaching: Vidyanjali scheme

New Draft National Education Policy


The Draft National Policy on education can help in solving these problems in the following manner:


  • Focus on Pre-school Education — use Anganwadi network
  • Curriculum Renewal and Examination Reforms
  • Learning outcomes in School Education
  • School Education would be focused on — expansion of KVs and Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas
  • Literacy and Lifelong Learning through the existing initiatives being strengthened and curricula revamped with multi-pronged strategies involving Self Help Groups, NGOs, Government etc.
  • Use of ICT in Education
  • Enhancing funding for education