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Operation Green



Objectives of the scheme

Strategies of the scheme

Pattern of assistance

Eligible organizations

Current updates of the scheme


  • ‘Operation Green’ was launched in the budget ‘2018’.
  • Operation Greens aims to promote TOP (tomato, onion, potato) farmers, producers organisations, agri-logistics, processing facilities and professional management.
  • It was launched with an outlay of 500 Crore.
  • It comes under the Ministry of “Food Processing Industries”.
  • The project has been launched on the lines of ‘Operation Flood’.

*Operation Flood/White Revolution: It was started in 1970 with the aim to create a nationwide milk grid. It was a great success.

Objectives of the Scheme

  • The operation aims to aid TOP farmers and help control and limit the erratic fluctuations in the prices of onions, potatoes and tomatoes.
  • It was formulated for integrated development of Tomato, Onion and Potato (TOP) value chain.
  • The idea behind Operation Greens is to double the income of farmers by the end of 2022.
  • Operation is essentially a price fixation scheme that aims to ensure farmers are given the right price for their produce.
  • The main objective of the project is to reduce price volatility in agriculture commodities such as vegetables.

Strategies of the scheme

 The announcement to set minimum support price of all kharif crops at 1.5 times the cost of production will increase the farmers’ income and for consumers, tax incentives will be given under Operation Greens.

 The scheme has two-way strategy:

(i)  Short term strategy: (Price stabilization measures)

(ii) Long term strategy: (Integrated value chain development projects)

 (I) Short term Price Stabilization Measures:

  • NAFED (National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Ltd) will be the Nodal Agency to implement price stabilization measures.
  • MoFPI (Ministry of Food Processing Industries) will provide 50% of the subsidy on the following two components:
  • Transportation of Tomato, Onion and Potato (TOP) crops from production to storage.
  • Hiring of appropriate storage facilities for TOP crops.

  (II) Long Term Integrated value chain development projects:

  • Capacity Building of FPOs & their consortium
  • Quality production
  • Post-harvest processing facilities
  • Agri-Logistics
  • Marketing / Consumption Points
  • Creation and Management of e-platform for demand and supply management of TOP Crops.

Pattern of assistance

  • The pattern of assistance will comprise of grants-in-aid at the rate of 50% of the eligible project/maximum to 50 crore cost in all areas.
  • Eligible applicant is required to submit he online application on SAMPADA

Current updates of the Scheme

  • The budget (2018-19) for short term component allocated Rs 50 Crore.
  • 450 crores for long term component has been allotted in the budget 2018-19 to develop value chain, cold storage, packaging, sorting, grading and processing industries.
  • The NAFED would be implementing the project in Nashik by setting up cold storage for onions.
  • Supply of onion will increase to 250,000 ton from 15,000 ton from Nasik to Delhi.
  • By March 2019, 17 producing clusters have been chosen in eight states.
  • ‘Operation Greens’ found no mention in stand-in finance minister Piyush Goyal’s 2019-20 budget speech.


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