Gandhiji’s vision of making every village a Republic was translated into reality. With the passage of the Constitution (73rd Amendment) Act in 1992, Panchayati Raj institutions were given constitutional status, and a three-tier Panchayati Raj system was formed to ensure people’s participation in rural development. With 496 Panchayats at district level, 5,905 at block level and 2,30,762 at village level, India is today world’s largest functioning democracy.


However, PRIs face a host of challenges:

  1. Unscientific distribution of Functions
  2. Incompatible relations between the three tiers
  3. Inadequate finances
  4. Lack of cordial relations between officials and people
  5. Lack of conceptual clarity
  6. Undemocratic composition of PRIs
  7. Political and caste factionalism
  8. Problems faced by PESA in scheduled areas