POSHAN Abhiyaan- National Nutrition Mission
(MINISTRY OF WOMEN AND CHILD DEVELOPMENT)
Features of the scheme
National nutrition month
There are a number of schemes directly/indirectly affecting the nutritional status of children (0-6 years age) and pregnant women and lactating mothers. In spite of these, level of malnutrition and related problems in the country is high. India has very high burden of malnutrition. India ranks low 100th out of 119 countries on 2017 Global Hunger Index.
To solve the problem of malnutrition in the country, the government has launched a flagship program which ensures convergence with various programmes.
- The National Nutrition Mission (NNM) was approved in 2017 and renamed as POSHAN in the year 2018. They are one with two names.
- POSHAN stands for Prime Minister’s Overarching Scheme for Holistic Nutrition.
- It aims to ensure holistic development and adequate nutrition for pregnant women, mothers and children.
- POSHAN ABHIYAAN is launched in March 2018 by Prime minister Narender Modi in Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan.
- but the National Nutrition Mission was approved in 2017.
- The govt. has approved setting up of National Nutrition Mission (NNM) with a three-year budget of 9046.17 crore commencing from 2017-18.
- It is implemented by ‘Ministry of women and child development’.
Convergence of the other schemes
POSHAN abhiyan ensures with various programs like-
- Anganwadi services
- Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)
- Scheme for Adolescent Girls (SAG) of MWCD Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY)
- National Health Mission
- Swachh-Bharat Mission
- Public Distribution System (PDS)
- Department food and public distribution
- Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)
- Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation
- POSHAN targets to reduce –
- Although the target to reduce Stunting is at least 2% p.a., Mission would strive to achieve reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25%
by 2022 (Mission 25 by 2022).
- It will be done by improving utilization of key Anganwadi services and improving the quality of Anganwadi Services delivery.
Features of the scheme
(1) Beneficiaries: More than 10 crore people will be benefitted by this programme.
(2) Coverage: All the States and districts will be covered in a phased manner i.e.-
(3) Focal point of the Abhiyaan: Anganwari centres (AWCs) are the focal point of POSHAN Abhiyaan.
(4) Pillars of the scheme:
(i) ICDS-CAS(Common Application Software): Software based tracking of nutritional status by providing smart phones to ground workers.
(ii) Convergence: The Abhiyaan is to ensure convergence of all nutrition related schemes and monitor, supervise, fix targets and guide the nutrition related interventions across the Ministries.
(iii) Behavioural change: This will be run as Jan Andolan to create awareness about health.
(iv) Training and Capacity building: Incremental Learning Approach will be adopted to teach 21 thematic modules.
(v) Incentives: Frontline workers will be given incentives for performance.
(vi) Grievance Redressal: A call centre will be setup for ease of access to solutions to any issues faced.
(5) Apex Body: The executive committee is the apex body for all Nutrition related activities under the POSHAN Abhiyaan.
(6) Setting up of National Council: National council on India’s nutritional challenges under chairmanship of Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog, has been set up under the POSHAN Abhiyaan.
- This will be funded by Government Budgetary Support (50%) and 50% by IBRD (world bank) or other MDB (Multilateral Development Bank).
- Government budgetary support would be 60:40 between Centre and States/UTs, 90:10 for NER (North-East regions) and Himalayan States and 100% for UTs without legislature.
National Nutrition Month
Union Ministry of Women and child Development has announced to observe September as the national Nutrition Month (Rastriya POSHAN Maah) to mark the county’s fight against malnutrition.