I chose to wander by Bethlehem Hospital; partly, because it lay on my road round to Westminster; partly, because I had a fancy in my head which could be best pursued within sight of its walls. And the fancy was: Are not the sane and the insane equal at night as the sane lie a dreaming? Are not all of us outside this hospital, who dream, more or less in the condition of those inside it, every night of our lives? Are we not nightly persuaded, as they daily are, that we associate preposterously with kings and queens, and notabilities of all sorts? Do we not nightly jumble events and personages and times and places, as these do daily? Said an afflicted man to me, when I visited a hospital like this, ‘Sir, I can frequently fly.’ I was half ashamed to reflect that so could I – by night. I wonder that the great master, when he called Sleep the death of each day’s life, did not call Dreams the insanity of each day’s sanity.
- It can be correctly inferred that Bethlehem hospital
I is very close to Westminster
II has patients who are regarded as insane
III is a place the author has visited before
- I only
- II only
- III only
- I and II
- I, II and III
- The author makes his point with the aid of all of the following except
- Rhetorical questions
- Personal anecdote
- Frequent use of metaphor
- Repetition and parallel construction
- Which of the following is an antonym of preposterous?
- Which of the following is an antonym of personage?
Answers and analysis
Correct Answer:B: II only
We know that the hospital is on the author’s road to Westminster, but there is no information about how long the route is, and so we cannot say that it is “very close”. We cannot say that the author has visited this particular hospital before since we are told only that the author has “visited a hospital like this”. But it is clear that the hospital patients are regarded as insane, hence only statement II is correct.
Correct Answer:D: Frequent use of metaphor
Check each term: rhetorical questions are there (they are questions used for effect rather than to elicit an answer). Personal anecdote is narration of the author’s own experiences, a technique that the author uses both in referring to his previous visit to a similar hospital and in the narration of his wandering one night. Allusion is indirect reference and is used when the author refers to the ‘great master’. Repetition and parallel construction are there (you can find many words repeated, and the questions are framed in parallel ways). But there is no metaphor. A metaphor is an implied comparison, for example, if we describe a person as a “rock in times of trouble” we are using a metaphor, because a person cannot actually be a rock.
Correct answer:E: Realistic
Direct vocabulary based question. ‘Preposterous’ mean very foolish or silly. If you look closely, Option A,B,C and D are all synonymous, which leaves you with a simple answer of option E.
Correct answer:D: Nobody
The word ‘personage’ find its root word in ‘person’ which is very easy to identify. We can see that option D mentions ‘Nobody’ which is most befitting antonym to anything which has its keyword in ‘person.’