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→ Federalism

→Inter-State Council becoming irrelevant due to NITI Aayog? Should they be merged?

→GST [issues such as federalism, GST council, impacts on states etc]

→First Past the Post System in India. Pros and Cons.

→Political Parties under RTI

→Electoral Reforms

→Why is Judicial independence central to democracy?

→Political Institutions in India

→Women in Local Governance

→Relevance of Rajya Sabha

→ Removal of Governor

→President’s Rule

→Panchayati Raj [also the new Gram Swarajya Mission]

→PESA and its challenges

→Separation of Powers

→Dispute Redressal Mechanisms and Institutions

→Judicial Review in India

→Center-State Investment Agreement [CSIA] – federalism

→NEET — National Level, Common Test

→National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission — importance, recent issues, organization

→Model Code of Conduct

→Rail Budget Scrapping


→Road Safety in India

→Good Samaritan Guidelines in SaveLIFE Foundation PIL

→Defamation as Criminal  offense — Supreme Court declares it to remain so.

→Public Officials and the Validity of Section 199(2) of Cr. PC upheld

→Sedition (IPC Section 124A)

→Domestic Violence

→Bonded Labour

→Tribal Justice System

→Indian Judiciary Issues

→Criminal Justice System

→Alternative Dispute Resolution

→Judicial Appointments Issue [NJAC and finalization of MoP]

→Recording Each Vote in Parliament

→New Framework for Grants by Centre to the States

→Electoral Reforms in India

→Elections of Legislative Assemblies

→Land Reforms [IMP]

→Capital Punishment


→Family Law Reforms

→Impact of Self Help Groups on financial inclusion in India

→Bank Sakhi Program

→Minority Institutions in a Secular Country

→RBI Governor appointment and responsibilities


→Rule Based Governance — need

→Supreme Court Order on AFSPA


→Disabled People — Supreme Court’s actions

→Higher Education Finance Agency [HEFA]

→Child Labour



→Police Reforms

→Supreme Court orders Police to upload FIR in 48 Hours

→Classification as Special States — new reform and old challenges:

→Universal Basic Income (UBI)

→Bharat Bill Payments System (BBPS)

→Corporate Inversion

→Lodha Committee Recommendations and the role of Supreme Court

→Poor Sports Governance in India

→Voter Education in India

→Condition of Under trials

→Juvenile Justice Act, 2015 [passed]

→National Women Policy


→Simultaneous Elections

→Pressure Groups

→Alternate dispute redressal mechanism

→Water Crisis and Water as state subject

→Legislative Councils — abolish or allow?

→Human Rights Institutions in India

→Violations of MCC; Should it be part of RPA?

→DROUGHT — parameters and the new Drought Crisis Management Plan

→Women Safety in India

→Whistleblowing encourage by Companies Act 2013

→Forest Rights Act, 2006 and people’s ability to protect their land and forest rights

→Tribal Problems

→Street Dog Menace

→Budgeting in India — Constitutional provisions

→National Media Analytics Center

→CONSTITUTION of INDIA: Historical Overview of the Constitution 

→Formation of the Indian Constitution or Making of the Constitution

→Historical Precedence and Evolution of Fundamental Rights in India

→The Judiciary in India

→Supreme Court and Independence of Judiciary and the election of the CJI and Supreme Court Judges (Collegium Experiment?) and High Court

→The Controversy over the Collegium and the Judicial Appointments Commission


→Civil Services and International Relations

→Course Design


→Historical Underpinnings of Social Justice:

→How did the concept of social justice originate?

→Social Justice in our Political System:

→What is the “Capabilities Approach” of Social Justice?

→Justice vs. Social Justice:

→Constitution of India and Social Justice

→Constitutional Provisions for Social Justice: Preamble to the Indian constitution talks about Justice à ECONOMIC, SOCIAL and POLITICAL

→Important Supreme Court Cases and Rulings

→Social Justice Post Liberalization: Dr. Ambedkar and Social Justice




→Financial Inclusion: 

→Citizen’s Charter

→Social Audit


→Universal Health Coverage Models

→Disease Control Programs

→Food Safety

→Early Childhood Development:

→Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana – Renamed Rashtriya Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (RSSY)


→New Education Policy in India — TSR Report

→National Skill Development Mission

→National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)


→STAR Scheme: PM Kaushal Vikas Yojana [PMKVY]


→Poverty Reduction

→Gramin Swarozgar Yojana (GSY) — self employment

→Social Audit

→Additional Notes on Social Justice – Poverty, Health, Education

→Major Schemes and their achievements

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What are the various posts in Civil Services Exam?
Thir are Two Groups in UPSC

  • Group A Services
  • Group B Services


What is the Pattern of Civil Services Examination?
Civil Services Examination has 3 Stages:

  1. Prelims
  2. Mains
  3. Interview The detailed information regarding each stage is discussed under to help the students know what is the pattern, criteria, eligibility and syllabus for Civil Services Exam.


What are the Eligibility Conditions of UPSC Examination?
1- For the Indian Administrative Service and Indian Police Service, a candidate must be a citizen of India. 2- For other services, a candidate must be either: # A Citizen of India, or # A Subject of Bhutan, or # A Subject of Nepal, or # A Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st Jan, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or # A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India. # Candidates belonging to categories (b), (c) and (d) above are not eligible for appointment to the Indian Foreign Service.
What is the age limit for UPSC Examination?
# Candidate must have attained the age of 21 years. # Upper age limit prescribed is 32 years for General category students. There is no Age Limit for SC/ST students and 35 years for OBC students # Maximum three years in case of candidates belonging to OBC who are eligible to avail reservation applicable to such candidates (21 – 35 years) # Age relaxation is a Maximum of five years if a candidate has been domiciled in State of Jammu and Kashmir during the period from 1st Jan, 1980 to the 31st Dec, 1989. # Maximum three years in case of Defence Services Personnel, disabled in operations during hostilities with any foreign country or in a disturbed area and released as a consequence thereof. # Maximum of five years in case of ex-servicemen including commissioned officers and ECOs/SSCOs who have rendered at least five years in Military Service. # Maximum ten years in case of blind, deaf-mute and orthopaedically handicapped persons.
What is the Minimum Educational Qualifications for UPSC Examination?
# Candidate must hold a degree of any of the University incorporated by an Act of the Central or State Legislature in India or other educational institutions established by an Act of Parliament or declared to be deemed as a University under Section 3 of the University Grants Commission Act 1956, or possess an equivalent qualification.
Number of Attempts in UPSC Examination
# Every candidate appearing for Civil Service Examination, who is eligible, shall be permitted six attempts. # Number of attempts will not apply in case of SC/ST who are otherwise eligible. # Candidates belonging to OBC who are eligible have nine attempts. # Provided that a Physically Handicapped will get as many attempts as are available to other non-physically handicapped candidates of his or her community, subject to the condition that a physically handicapped candidate belonging to General category shall be eligible for nine attempts.