Prime Minister’s Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan
Allocation of Funds
Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan
- ‘Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan’ is first integrated scheme extending unified support to states from pre-school to senior secondary levels which
waslaunched in May 2018.
- “The Department of School Education and Literacy” under Ministry of “Human Resource Development” has formulated the scheme.
- The scheme is built on the basis of the largest survey conducted by National Achievement Survey (NAS) in 2017-18.
- It aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education from
pre – schoolto Class XII.
- It starts with the objective of improving education quality, enhancing learning outcomes and improving teaching as well as learning with using the technology.
- Upgradation of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs) from Class 6-8 to Class 6-12.
- In interim budget
2019-20the scheme gets Rs 36,472.40 crore – is for school education for students from pre-primary to class 12. *total amount for National Education Mission in budget 2019 – Rs 38,572 crore. Allocated to-
- Samagra Shiksha – Rs 36,472.40 crore
- Rashtriya Uchchatar Shiksha Abhiyan or RUSA – Rs 2,100 crore
This programme subsumes the three previous Centrally Sponsored Schemes of
- Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA),
- Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and
- Teacher Education (TE).
Allocation of funds
An allocation of Rs 75,000 crore over the period 1st April 2018 to 31st March 2020 has been approved which is a 20% increase over the current allocations.
- Composite school grant increased from Rs. 14,500 – 50,000 to Rs. 25,000 – 1 Lakh and to be allocated on the basis of school enrolment.
- Stipend of Rs. 200 per month for CWSN girls to be provided from Classes I to XII. – earlier it was only for classes IX to XII.
Important features of the scheme
The major interventions, across all levels of school education, under the scheme are:
(1) Holistic Approach to Education:
- Single scheme for the school education sector for class 1 to class 12.
- Supporting states to initiate pre-primary education.
- Preference to educationally backward blocks, LWFs, special focus districts and the 115 aspirational districts identified by NITI Ayog.
(2) Strengthening of Schools:
- Enhanced transport facility
- Increased allocation for infrastructure in schools to improve the quality of infrastructure
- By supporting ‘Swachh Vidyalaya’
(3) Focus on Quality of Education:
- Strengthening teacher education institutions like SCERTs and DIETs for improving quality of teaching.
- By giving annual grants for strengthening of libraries. Almost 1 million schools getting library grants.
- By focusing on two Ts – Teacher and Technology.
(4) Focus on digital Education:
- Support ‘Operation Digital Board’ in all secondary schools.
- Digital initiatives like Shala Kosh, Shagun, Shalla Saarthi to be strengthened.
- ‘Diksha’ digital portal for teachers to improve teaching skills.
- ‘Sabko Shiksha Achhi Siksha’ by using technology
(5) Focus on Inclusion:
Entitlements under the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 including
- Allocation for uniforms, textbooks etc.
- Special training for age-appropriate admission of out of school children including children of disadvantaged groups.
- Provision for opening new schools in tribal areas
- Provision of opening 1020 residential schools/hostels.
(6) Focus on Vocational Education:
- By making vocational education at secondary level ( starting from class 6th) an integral part of curriculum
- Giving emphasis on ‘Kaushal Vikas’
- By making it more practical and industry oriented
(7) Focus on Sports and Physical Education:
- By Providing school equipments
- By making Sports Education an integral part of curriculum
- By Supporting ‘Khelo India’
(8) Focus on girl education:
- By upgrading of KGBYs from class 6-8 to class 6-12.
- Self-defence training for girls
- Stipend for CWSN girls
- Enhanced commitment to ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’.