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Prime Minister’s

Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan

Introduction

Merged Schemes 

Allocation of Funds 

Important features 

Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan

 Introduction 

  • Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan is first integrated scheme extending unified support to states from pre-school to senior secondary levels which was launched in May 2018.  
  • The Department of School Education and Literacy” under Ministry of Human Resource Development” has formulated the scheme. 
  • The scheme is built on the basis of the largest survey conducted by National Achievement Survey (NAS) in 2017-18.  
  • It aims to ensure inclusive and equitable quality education from pre – school to Class XII 
  • It starts with the objective of improving education quality, enhancing learning outcomes and improving teaching as well as learning with using the technology. 
  • Upgradation of Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalayas (KGBVs) from Class 6-8 to Class 6-12. 
  • In interim budget 2019-20 the scheme gets Rs 36,472.40 crore – is for school education for students from pre-primary to class 12.  

Merged schemes 

 This programme subsumes the three previous Centrally Sponsored Schemes of  

  • Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA),  
  • Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and  
  • Teacher Education (TE).  

Allocation of funds 

 An allocation of Rs 75,000 crore over the period 1st April 2018 to 31st March 2020 has been approved which is a 20% increase over the current allocations.

  • Composite school grant increased from Rs. 14,500 – 50,000 to Rs. 25,000 – 1 Lakh and to be allocated on the basis of school enrolment.  
  • Stipend of Rs. 200 per month for CWSN girls to be provided from Classes I to XII. – earlier it was only for classes IX to XII.

Important features of the scheme 

The major interventions, across all levels of school education, under the scheme are:  

 (1) Holistic Approach to Education: 

  • Single scheme for the school education sector for class 1 to class 12. 
  • Supporting states to initiate pre-primary education. 
  • Preference to educationally backward blocks, LWFs, special focus districts and the 115 aspirational districts identified by NITI Ayog. 

 (2) Strengthening of Schools: 

  • Enhanced transport facility 
  • Increased allocation for infrastructure in schools to improve the quality of infrastructure 
  • By supporting ‘Swachh Vidyalaya’ 

 (3)Focus on Quality of Education: 

  • Strengthening teacher education institutions like SCERTs and DIETs for improving quality of teaching. 
  • By giving annual grants for strengthening of libraries. Almost 1 million schools getting library grants. 
  • By focusing on two Ts – Teacher and Technology. 

 (4)Focus on digital Education: 

  • Support ‘Operation Digital Board’ in all secondary schools. 
  • Digital initiatives like Shala KoshShagunShalla Saarthi to be strengthened. 
  • ‘Diksha’ digital portal for teachers to improve teaching skills. 
  • Sabko Shiksha Achhi Siksha’ by using technology  

 (5) Focus on Inclusion: 

Entitlements under the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 including  

  • Allocation for uniformstextbooks etc. 
  • Special training for age-appropriate admission of out of school children including children of disadvantaged groups. 
  • Provision for opening new schools in tribal areas  
  • Provision of opening 1020 residential schools/hostels. 

 (6) Focus on Vocational Education: 

  • By making vocational education at secondary level ( starting from class 6th)  an integral part of curriculum 
  • Giving emphasis on ‘Kaushal Vikas 
  • By making it more practical and industry oriented 

 (7) Focus on Sports and Physical Education: 

  • By Providing school equipments 
  • By making Sports Education an integral part of curriculum 
  • By Supporting ‘Khelo India’ 

 (8) Focus on girl education: 

  • By upgrading of KGBYs from class 6-8 to class 6-12. 
  • Self-defence training for girls 
  • Stipend for CWSN girls 
  • Enhanced commitment to ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’. 

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