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UGC NET 2023 Syllabus & Exam Pattern

Topics Covered: UGC NET 2023 Exam Pattern, Marking Scheme, Syllabus for Paper 1, Syllabus for Commerce & Management & how to cover Syllabus,

The National Eligibility Test (NET) is conducted by the UGC on national scale to shortlist eligible applicants for Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) and Assistant Professor posts in various universities across India. 

Therefore, cracking the UGC NET exam presents a great career opportunity for candidates who are passionate to pursue research or teach as a professor in colleges.  

One of the reasons that make UGC NET exam feature as one of the competitive exams in the country is its high difficulty level and vast syllabus. 

In order to clear an examination, the first step for the candidates is to well – versed with syllabus and pattern of the exam.  

As having a thorough understanding of the syllabus and the exam pattern helps in knowing the important topics to cover and provides you an insight on the nature of the exam.  

With reference to that, I will be discussing the detail about some of the key aspects for UGC NET which includes the syllabus and the exam pattern. In this article, you will get complete information regarding the latest NTA UGC NET Syllabus for both paper 1 and paper 2 and the updated exam pattern. 

On that note, let’s begin the section!

Table of Content – UGC NET 2023 Exam Pattern and Syllabus

Exam Pattern Paper 1 Paper 2
Exam Mode Online Online
Exam Duration 3 Hours (Paper 1 + Paper 2 Total Duration)
Type of Paper Common for all candidates Specific subject chosen by the candidate
Type of Questions MCQs MCQs
Total Number of Questions 50 100
Total Marks 100 200
Marking Scheme +2 for correct answer, No negative marking +2 for correct answer, No negative marking

UGC NET Exam Pattern 2023

Knowing the exam pattern in detail is important as it helps in understanding factors like exam mode, the duration of the exam, total number of questions, what subjects the exam will comprise of, etc. 

Since the exam pattern is set by National Testing Agency (NTA), there are no major changes made every year. However, small revisions have taken place in the exam pattern. 

To begin with the UGC NET exam pattern 2023, there are two papers in the syllabus – Paper 1 and Paper 2.  

While the Paper 1 which is common for all candidates, carries 100 marks. The subject for Paper 2 can be selected by the candidate based on their graduation subject and is of total 200 marks.  

The exam is conducted in an online mode and a time duration of 3 hours is allotted to complete both the papers.  

An interesting point to note is that there is no negative marking for either of these two papers.

Coming to the difficulty level of both the papers, Paper 1 is comparatively easier than Paper 2.  

If you are planning to attempt the UGC NET December exam 2023, you can check the eligibility criteria. 

To understand more about the exam pattern of Paper 1 and Paper 2, let’s dive into the paper-wise exam pattern for 2023 in the subsequent section.

If you have reached this far then let me tell you, it isn’t that I want to scare you but UGC NET JRF has one of the toughest selection processes and a low percentage of the total candidates appearing for the exam actually clear it.

Moreover, I’d like to add that, even though both exams are tough and equally important, if I had to compare out of the two evils, Paper 1 is definitely a little easier than Paper 2.

So, let’s dive into the paper-wise exam pattern for 2023 before I scare you off any further, and let’s make sure you’re one of the few who pass the exam with flying colors.

UGC NET JRF Exam Pattern - Phase 1 & Phase 2

UGC NET Exam Pattern 2023 – Paper 1

As mentioned earlier, the Paper 1 of UGC NET is a common exam for all candidates.  

The exam pattern for UGC NET Paper 1 can be explained as follows: 

  • The Paper 1 is objective in nature with 50 questions for a total of 100 marks.  
  • For each answer attempted correctly, the candidate scores +2 marks.  
  • There is no negative marking for attempting incorrect answers in the paper.

That said, even though the marks of both Paper 1 & Paper 2, together make the final result, it is still advisable for the candidate to try to score the maximum marks in Paper 1. 

You can check the table below that I have provided to help you understand the topics- wise distribution of marks for UGC NET Paper 1:

Units Questions Marks
Teaching Aptitude 5 10
Research Aptitude 5 10
Reading Comprehension 5 10
Communication 5 10
Arithmetic Reasoning 5 10
Logical Reasoning 5 10
Data Interpretation 5 10
ICT 5 10
People and Environment 5 10
Higher Education 5 10
Total 50 100

From the table given above, you’ll get an overview of the UGC NET Paper 1 exam syllabus.  

Talking about the qualifying marks for Paper 1, the qualifying marks for candidates belonging to General Category are 40 and for candidates from Reserved Category (SC/ST/PWD/OBC- NCL) is 35.

UGC NET Exam Pattern 2023– Paper 2

Talking about Paper 2, NTA provides a list of subjects out of which the candidates are required to choose the subject they have pursued their graduation in.  

The following points are the characteristics of the exam pattern for UGC NET Paper 2: 

  • There are objective – based questions given for Paper 2 with a total of 100 questions for 200 marks. 
  • The marks allotted for each correct answer +2 in the paper.  
  • There is no provision for negative marking in the exam.  

The time duration provided for both the papers is 3 hours (180 minutes) and the final selection depends on the marks obtained by a candidate in both the exams. 

So, it is generally advised for the candidate to score equally good marks in both the exams, if you are aiming to achieve a certification for UGC NET JRF. 

Note: The Paper 1 and Paper 2 will be set in both language English and Hindi.

We have launched the UGC NET JRF Complete courses for Paper 1 Exam. 

To help you in your preparation, you can go through the Past Year Papers of UGC NET JRF. 

Preparation Kit for UGC NET JRF Exams
Preparation Kit for UGC NET JRF Exams

UGC NET Marking Scheme

The UGC NET Marking Scheme is very simple. The marking for both Paper 1 and Paper 2 is same and direct:

  1. There is uniformity; that is, for both Paper 1 and Paper 2, each correct answer will give you 2 marks.
  2. There is no negative marking for a wrong answer.

UGC NET Exam Pattern – Key Points

  1. You have to qualify in each of the tests as per the marks prescribed by the NTA
  2. Go crazy with all the answers you’re not sure about since there’s no negative marking (that doesn’t mean you’ll give the entire exam on a hit and trial basis).
  3. In all, it’s not just important to secure the cut off marks but also score enough marks to make it to the merit list.

Don’t forget to check the previous years’ cut offs to estimate how much you need to score to pass in the UGC NET JRF Exam.

Along with going through the past years cut offs, you can also refer to the UGC NET mock tests to get a clearer picture of the nature of questions asked in the exam.

UGC NET Syllabus 2023

Having a complete knowledge of the syllabus for UGC NET is a vital aspect of exam process and is a first step towards cracking the exam.

The first and foremost rule before you start preparing for any exam is to learn the syllabus properly.  

As knowing the syllabus in – depth will help you identify the important topics and find the relevant study material to cover the subjects. 

Therefore, if you are preparing for the UGC NET December 2023 exam, then you need to know the UGC NET syllabus thoroughly. 

As mentioned earlier, there are two papers for UGC NET syllabus – Paper 1 and Paper 2.  

I have provided below the latest syllabus for Paper 1 and Paper 2 in detail. Let’s dive into the exam syllabus for UGC NET December 2023.

UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus 2023

The Paper 1 of UGC NET is a general exam for all the applicants. It is also known as General Paper on Teaching & Research Aptitude and its subject code is 00.  

The UGC NET Paper 1 is conducted with a purpose to test the candidate’s teaching and research ability, the overall general awareness and cognitive abilities.  

Therefore, the syllabus for Paper 1 consists of topics such as teaching aptitude, mathematical reasoning, research aptitude, data interpretation, communication, logical reasoning, etc.  

To help you understand the complete syllabus, I have listed the topics in detail provided for Paper 1:

Unit 1: UGC NET JRF Teaching Aptitude Syllabus

  • Teaching: Concept, Objectives, Levels of teaching (Memory, Understanding and Reflective), Characteristics and basic requirements.
  • Learner’s characteristics: Characteristics of adolescent and adult learners (Academic, Social, Emotional and Cognitive), Individual differences.
  • Factors affecting teaching related to: Teacher, Learner, Support material, Instructional facilities, Learning environment and Institution.
  • Methods of teaching in Institutions of higher learning: Teacher centred vs. Learner centred methods; Off-line vs. On-line methods (Swayam, Swayamprabha, MOOCs etc.).
  • Teaching Support System: Traditional, Modern and ICT based.
  • Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of evaluation, Evaluation in Choice Based Credit System in Higher education, Computer based testing, Innovations in evaluation systems.

Unit 2: UGC NET JRF Research Aptitude Syllabus

  • Research: Meaning, Types, and Characteristics, Positivism and Post positivistic approach to research.
  • Methods of Research: Experimental, Descriptive, Historical, Qualitative and Quantitative methods.
  • Steps of Research.
  • Thesis and Article writing: Format and styles of referencing.
  • Application of ICT in research.
  • Research ethics.

Unit 3: UGC NET JRF Comprehension Syllabus

  • A passage of text is given. Questions are asked from the passage to be answered. Passages usually pertain to the following topics –
  • General Awareness
  • Socialism
  • Social Media
  • Indian History
  • Environmental Issues

Unit 4: UGC NET JRF Communication Syllabus

  • Communication: Meaning, types and characteristics of communication.
  • Effective communication: Verbal and Non-verbal, Inter-Cultural and group communications, Classroom communication.
  • Barriers to effective communication.
  • Mass-Media and Society.

Unit 5: UGC NET JRF Mathematical Reasoning and Aptitude

  • Types of reasoning.
  • Number series, Letter series, Codes and Relationships.
  • Mathematical Aptitude (Fraction, Time & Distance, Ratio, Proportion and Percentage, Profit and Loss, Interest and Discounting, Averages etc.).

Unit 6: UGC NET JRF Logical Reasoning

  • Understanding the structure of arguments: argument forms, structure of categorical propositions, Mood and Figure, Formal and Informal fallacies, Uses of language, Connotations and denotations of terms, Classical square of opposition.
  • Evaluating and distinguishing deductive and inductive reasoning.
  • Analogies.
  • Venn diagram: Simple and multiple use for establishing validity of arguments.
  • Indian Logic: Means of knowledge.
  • Pramanas: Pratyaksha (Perception), Anumana (Inference), Upamana (Comparison), Shabda (Verbal testimony), Arthapatti (Implication) and Anupalabddhi (Non-apprehension).
  • Structure and kinds of Anumana (inference), Vyapti (invariable relation), Hetvabhasas (fallacies of inference).

Unit 7: UGC NET JRF Data Interpretation Syllabus

  • Sources, acquisition and classification of Data.
  • Quantitative and Qualitative Data.
  • Graphical representation (Bar-chart, Histograms, Pie-chart, Table-chart and Line-chart) and mapping of Data.
  • Data Interpretation.
  • Data and Governance.

Unit 8: UGC NET JRF Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Syllabus

  • ICT: General abbreviations and terminology.
  • Basics of Internet, Intranet, E-mail, Audio and Video-conferencing.
  • Digital initiatives in higher education.
  • ICT and Governance.

Unit 9: UGC NET JRF People Development and Environment Syllabus

  • Development and environment: Millennium development and Sustainable development goals.
  • Human and environment interaction: Anthropogenic activities and their impacts on environment.
  • Environmental issues: Local, Regional and Global; Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution, Waste (solid, liquid, biomedical, hazardous, electronic), Climate change and its Socio-Economic and Political dimensions.
  • Impacts of pollutants on human health.
  • Natural and energy resources: Solar, Wind, Soil, Hydro, Geothermal, Biomass, Nuclear and Forests.
  • Natural hazards and disasters: Mitigation strategies.
  • Environmental Protection Act (1986), National Action Plan on Climate Change, International agreements/efforts -Montreal Protocol, Rio Summit, Convention on Biodiversity, Kyoto Protocol, Paris Agreement, International Solar Alliance.

Unit 10: UGC NET JRF Higher Education System Syllabus

  • Institutions of higher learning and education in ancient India.
  • Evolution of higher learning and research in Post-Independence India.
  • Oriental, Conventional and Non-conventional learning programmes in India.
  • Professional, Technical and Skill Based education.
  • Value education and environmental education.
  • Policies, Governance, and Administration.


(I) Five questions each carrying 2 marks can be set from any Module.

(II) Whenever graphical/pictorial question(s) are set for sighted candidates, a further provision, I.e., passage followed by equal number of questions and weightage be set for visually impaired candidates.

You can download the syllabus for 2023 from the link provided below.

UGC NET Paper 1 Syllabus (Download PDF)

Now that we’ve covered all the important topics from UGC NET Paper 1 syllabus, you must be curious about the booklist, and to help you with that we have compiled the list of highly recommended and important books to cover these topics.

Along with the booklist you can also refer to the free study material of UGC NET Paper 1 that I have compiled.

Let’s head over to the UGC NET Exam Syllabus of Paper 2.

UGC NET Paper 2 Commerce Syllabus 

The syllabus for commerce subject is vast and comprehensive. If you are preparing for UGC NET December 2023 exam with commerce subject as Paper 2, I have listed down the 10 topics of the syllabus in an elaborate manner: 

Unit 1: Business Environment and International Business

  • Concepts and elements of business environment: Economic environment- Economic systems, Economic policies (Monetary and fiscal policies); Political environment – Role of government in business; Legal environment- Consumer Protection Act, FEMA; Socio-cultural factors and their influence on business; Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) 
  • Scope and importance of international business; Globalization and its drivers; Modes of entry into international business  
  • Theories of international trade; Government intervention in international trade; Tariff and non-tariff barriers; India’s foreign trade policy 2  
  • Foreign direct investment (FDI) and Foreign portfolio investment (FPI); Types of FDI, Costs and benefits of FDI to home and host countries; Trends in FDI; India’s FDI policy  
  • Balance of payments (BOP): Importance and components of BOP  
  •  Regional Economic Integration: Levels of Regional Economic Integration; Trade creation and diversion effects; Regional Trade Agreements: European Union (EU), ASEAN, SAARC, NAFTA  
  •  International Economic institutions: IMF, World Bank, UNCTAD  
  • World Trade Organization (WTO): Functions and objectives of WTO; Agriculture Agreement; GATS; TRIPS; TRIMS  

Unit 2: Accounting and Auditing

  • Basic accounting principles; concepts and postulates  
  • Partnership Accounts: Admission, Retirement, Death, Dissolution and Insolvency of partnership firms  
  • Corporate Accounting: Issue, forfeiture and reissue of shares; Liquidation of companies; Acquisition, merger, amalgamation and reconstruction of companies 
  • Holding company accounts 
  • Cost and Management Accounting: Marginal costing and Break-even analysis; Standard costing; Budgetary control; Process costing; Activity Based Costing (ABC); Costing for decision-making; Life cycle costing, Target costing, Kaizen costing and JIT 
  • Financial Statements Analysis: Ratio analysis; Funds flow Analysis; Cash flow analysis 
  • Human Resources Accounting; Inflation Accounting; Environmental Accounting 
  • Indian Accounting Standards and IFRS  
  • Auditing: Independent financial audit; Vouching; Verification ad valuation of assets and liabilities; Audit of financial statements and audit report; Cost audit 
  • Recent Trends in Auditing: Management audit; Energy audit; Environment audit; Systems audit; Safety audit

Unit 3: Business Economics

  • Meaning and scope of business economics 
  • Objectives of business firms 
  • Demand analysis: Law of demand; Elasticity of demand and its measurement; Relationship between AR and MR  
  • Consumer behavior: Utility analysis; Indifference curve analysis 
  • Law of Variable Proportions: Law of Returns to Scale 3
  • Theory of cost: Short-run and long-run cost curves  
  • Price determination under different market forms: Perfect competition; Monopolistic competition; Oligopoly- Price leadership model; Monopoly; Price discrimination 
  • Pricing strategies: Price skimming; Price penetration; Peak load pricing

Unit 4: Business Finance

  • Scope and sources of finance; Lease financing 
  • Cost of capital and time value of money 
  • Capital structure 
  • Capital budgeting decisions: Conventional and scientific techniques of capital budgeting analysis 
  • Working capital management; Dividend decision: Theories and policies 
  • Risk and return analysis; Asset securitization  
  • International monetary system 
  • Foreign exchange market; Exchange rate risk and hedging techniques 
  • International financial markets and instruments: Euro currency; GDRs; ADRs 
  • International arbitrage; Multinational capital budgeting  

Unit 5: Business Statistics and Research Methods

  • Measures of central tendency 
  • Measures of dispersion 
  • Measures of skewness 
  • Correlation and regression of two variables 
  • Probability: Approaches to probability; Bayes’ theorem
  • Probability distributions: Binomial, poisson and normal distributions 
  • Research: Concept and types; Research designs 
  • Data: Collection and classification of data  
  • Sampling and estimation: Concepts; Methods of sampling – probability and nonprobability methods; Sampling distribution; Central limit theorem; Standard error; Statistical estimation 
  • Hypothesis testing: z-test; t-test; ANOVA; Chi–square test; Mann-Whitney test (Utest); Kruskal-Wallis test (H-test); Rank correlation test  
  • Report writing  

Unit 6: Business Management and Human Resource Management

  • Principles and functions of management 4  
  • Organization structure: Formal and informal organizations; Span of control  
  • Responsibility and authority: Delegation of authority and decentralization 
  • Motivation and leadership: Concept and theories  
  • Corporate governance and business ethics  
  • Human resource management: Concept, role and functions of HRM; Human resource planning; Recruitment and selection; Training and development; Succession planning 
  • Compensation management: Job evaluation; Incentives and fringe benefits 
  • Performance appraisal including 360 degree performance appraisal  
  • Collective bargaining and workers’ participation in management 
  • Personality: Perception; Attitudes; Emotions; Group dynamics; Power and politics; Conflict and negotiation; Stress management 
  • Organizational Culture: Organizational development and organizational change 

 Unit 7: Banking and Financial Institutions

  • Overview of Indian financial system  
  • Types of banks: Commercial banks; Regional Rural Banks (RRBs); Foreign banks; Cooperative banks  
  • Reserve Bank of India: Functions; Role and monetary policy management 
  • Banking sector reforms in India: Basel norms; Risk management; NPA management 
  • Financial markets: Money market; Capital market; Government securities market 
  • Financial Institutions: Development Finance Institutions (DFIs); Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs); Mutual Funds; Pension Funds  
  • Financial Regulators in India 
  • Financial sector reforms including financial inclusion  
  • Digitisation of banking and other financial services: Internet banking; mobile banking; Digital payments systems  
  • Insurance: Types of insurance- Life and Non-life insurance; Risk classification and management; Factors limiting the insurability of risk; Re-insurance; Regulatory framework of insurance- IRDA and its role

Unit 8: Marketing Management

  • Marketing: Concept and approaches; Marketing channels; Marketing mix; Strategic marketing planning; Market segmentation, targeting and positioning 
  • Product decisions: Concept; Product line; Product mix decisions; Product life cycle; New product development  
  • Pricing decisions: Factors affecting price determination; Pricing policies and strategies 5  
  • Promotion decisions: Role of promotion in marketing; Promotion methods – Advertising; Personal selling; Publicity; Sales promotion tools and techniques; Promotion mix 
  • Distribution decisions: Channels of distribution; Channel management 
  • Consumer Behaviour; Consumer buying process; factors influencing consumer buying decisions 
  • Service marketing 
  • Trends in marketing: Social marketing; Online marketing; Green marketing; Direct marketing; Rural marketing; CRM 
  • Logistics management 

Unit 9: Legal Aspects of Business

  • Indian Contract Act, 1872: Elements of a valid contract; Capacity of parties; Free consent; Discharge of a contract; Breach of contract and remedies against breach; Quasi contracts; 
  • Special contracts: Contracts of indemnity and guarantee; contracts of bailment and pledge; Contracts of agency  
  • Sale of Goods Act, 1930: Sale and agreement to sell; Doctrine of Caveat Emptor; Rights of unpaid seller and rights of buyer 
  • Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881: Types of negotiable instruments; Negotiation and assignment; Dishonour and discharge of negotiable instruments  
  • The Companies Act, 2013: Nature and kinds of companies; Company formation; Management, meetings and winding up of a joint stock company 
  • Limited Liability Partnership: Structure and procedure of formation of LLP in India 
  • The Competition Act, 2002: Objectives and main provisions 
  • The Information Technology Act, 2000: Objectives and main provisions; Cyber-crimes and penalties  
  • The RTI Act, 2005: Objectives and main provisions  Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs): Patents, trademarks and copyrights; Emerging issues in intellectual property 
  • Goods and Services Tax (GST): Objectives and main provisions; Benefits of GST; Implementation mechanism; Working of dual GST  

Unit 10: Income-tax and Corporate Tax Planning

  • Income-tax: Basic concepts; Residential status and tax incidence; Exempted incomes; Agricultural income; Computation of taxable income under various heads; Deductions from Gross total income; Assessment of Individuals; Clubbing of incomes 
  •  International Taxation: Double taxation and its avoidance mechanism; Transfer pricing 6 
  • Corporate Tax Planning: Concepts and significance of corporate tax planning; Tax avoidance versus tax evasion; Techniques of corporate tax planning; Tax considerations in specific business situations: Make or buy decisions; Own or lease an asset; Retain; Renewal or replacement of asset; Shut down or continue operations  
  • Deduction and collection of tax at source; Advance payment of tax; E-filing of income-tax returns.  

UGC NET Paper 2 Management Syllabus

The syllabus for Management subject not just includes theory but also an ample number of numerical and case studies.

If you are aiming to crack UGC NET December 2023 with Management as the subject for Paper 2, I have listed down the all the 10 topics in detailed manner:

Unit – I

  • Management – Concept, Process, Theories and Approaches, Management Roles and Skills  
  • Functions – Planning, Organizing, Staffing, Coordinating and Controlling. 
  • Communication – Types, Process and Barriers.  
  • Decision Making – Concept, Process, Techniques and Tools  
  • Organisation Structure and Design – Types, Authority, Responsibility, Centralisation, Decentralisation and Span of Control 
  • Managerial Economics – Concept & Importance  
  • Demand analysis – Utility Analysis, Indifference Curve, Elasticity & Forecasting 
  • Market Structures – Market Classification & Price Determination 
  • National Income – Concept, Types and Measurement  
  • Inflation – Concept, Types and Measurement  
  • Business Ethics & CSR 
  • Ethical Issues & Dilemma  
  • Corporate Governance  
  • Value Based Organisation  

Unit – II  

  • Organisational Behaviour – Significance & Theories  
  • Individual Behaviour – Personality, Perception, Values, Attitude, Learning and Motivation  
  • Group Behaviour – Team Building, Leadership, Group Dynamics  
  • Interpersonal Behaviour & Transactional Analysis  
  • Organizational Culture & Climate  
  • Work Force Diversity & Cross Culture Organisational Behaviour  
  • Emotions and Stress Management 
  • Organisational Justice and Whistle Blowing  
  • Human Resource Management – Concept, Perspectives, Influences and Recent Trends  
  • Human Resource Planning, Recruitment and Selection, Induction, Training and Development  
  • Job Analysis, Job Evaluation and Compensation Management  

Unit – III  

  • Strategic Role of Human Resource Management  
  • Competency Mapping & Balanced Scoreboard  
  • Career Planning and Development  
  • Performance Management and Appraisal 
  •  Organization Development, Change & OD Interventions 
  •  Talent Management & Skill Development  
  • Employee Engagement & Work Life Balance  
  • Industrial Relations: Disputes & Grievance Management, Labour Welfare and Social Security  
  • Trade Union & Collective Bargaining  
  • International Human Resource Management – HR Challenge of International Business  
  • Green HRM  

Unit– IV 

  •  Accounting Principles and Standards,Preparation of Financial Statements 
  • Financial Statement Analysis – Ratio Analysis, Funds Flow and Cash Flow Analysis, DuPont Analysis  
  • Preparation of Cost Sheet, Marginal Costing, Cost Volume Profit Analysis 
  • Standard Costing & Variance Analysis  
  • Financial Management, Concept & Functions  
  • Capital Structure – Theories, Cost of Capital, Sources and Finance 
  • Budgeting and Budgetary Control, Types and Process, Zero base Budgeting 
  • Leverages – Operating, Financial and Combined Leverages, EBIT–EPS Analysis, Financial Breakeven Point & Indifference Level.  

Unit –V 

  • Value & Returns – Time Preference for Money, Valuation of Bonds and Shares, Risk and Returns; 
  • Capital Budgeting – Nature of Investment, Evaluation, Comparison of Methods; Risk and Uncertainly Analysis  
  • Dividend – Theories and Determination  
  • Mergers and Acquisition – Corporate Restructuring, Value Creation, Merger Negotiations, Leveraged Buyouts, Takeover  
  • Portfolio Management – CAPM, APT  
  • Derivatives – Options, Option Payoffs, Option Pricing, Forward Contracts & Future Contracts  
  • Working Capital Management – Determinants, Cash, Inventory, Receivables and Payables Management, Factoring  
  • International Financial Management, Foreign exchange market  

Unit – VI  

  • Strategic Management – Concept, Process, Decision & Types  
  • Strategic Analysis – External Analysis, PEST, Porter’s Approach to industry analysis, Internal Analysis – Resource Based Approach, Value Chain Analysis  
  • Strategy Formulation – SWOT Analysis, Corporate Strategy – Growth, Stability, Retrenchment, Integration and Diversification, Business Portfolio Analysis – BCG, GE Business Model, Ansoff’s Product Market Growth Matrix  
  • Strategy Implementation – Challenges of Change, Developing Programs Mckinsey 7s Framework 
  • Marketing – Concept, Orientation, Trends and Tasks, Customer Value and Satisfaction  
  • Market Segmentation, Positioning and Targeting 
  • Product and Pricing Decision – Product Mix, Product Life Cycle, New Product development, Pricing – Types and Strategies 
  • Place and promotion decision – Marketing channels and value networks, VMS, IMC, Advertising and Sales promotion 

 Unit –VII 

  • Consumer and Industrial Buying Behaviour: Theories and Models of Consumer Behaviour  
  • Brand Management – Role of Brands, Brand Equity, Equity Models, Developing a Branding Strategy; Brand Name Decisions, Brand Extensions and Loyalty  
  • Logistics and Supply Chain Management, Drivers, Value creation, Supply Chain Design, Designing and Managing Sales Force, Personal Selling  
  • Service Marketing – Managing Service Quality and Brands, Marketing Strategies of Service Firms 
  • Customer Relationship Marketing – Relationship Building, Strategies, Values and Process  
  • Retail Marketing – Recent Trends in India, Types of Retail Outlets.  
  • Emerging Trends in Marketing – Concept of e-Marketing, Direct Marketing, Digital Marketing and Green Marketing  
  • International Marketing – Entry Mode Decisions, Planning Marketing Mix for International Markets  

Unit –VIII  

  • Statistics for Management: Concept, Measures Of Central Tendency and Dispersion, Probability Distribution – Binominal, Poison, Normal and Exponential  
  • Data Collection & Questionnaire Design  
  • Sampling – Concept, Process and Techniques 
  • Hypothesis Testing – Procedure; T, Z, F, Chi-square tests  
  • Correlation and Regression Analysis  
  • Operations Management – Role and Scope  
  • Facility Location and Layout – Site Selection and Analysis, Layout – Design and Process  
  • Enterprise Resource Planning – ERP Modules, ERP implementation  
  • Scheduling; Loading, Sequencing and Monitoring  
  • Quality Management and Statistical Quality Control, Quality Circles, Total Quality Management – KAIZEN, Benchmarking, Six Sigma; ISO 9000 Series Standards 
  • Operation Research – Transportation, Queuing Decision Theory, PERT / CPM  

Unit –IX 

  •  International Business – Managing Business in Globalization Era; Theories of International Trade; Balance of payment  
  • Foreign Direct Investment – Benefits and Costs  
  • Multilateral regulation of Trade and Investment under WTO  
  • International Trade Procedures and Documentation; EXIM Policies  
  • Role of International Financial Institutions – IMF and World Bank  
  • Information Technology – Use of Computers in Management Applications; MIS, DSS 
  • Artificial Intelligence and Big Data  
  • Data Warehousing, Data Mining and Knowledge Management – Concepts  
  • Managing Technological Change 

 Unit – X 

  • Entrepreneurship Development – Concept, Types, Theories and Process, Developing Entrepreneurial Competencies  
  • Intrapreneurship – Concept and Process  
  • Women Entrepreneurship and Rural Entrepreneurship 
  • Innovations in Business – Types of Innovations, Creating and Identifying Opportunities, Screening of Business Ideas  
  • Business Plan and Feasibility Analysis – Concept and Process of Technical, Market and Financial Analysis 
  • Micro and Small Scale Industries in India; Role of Government in Promoting SSI 
  • Sickness in Small Industries – Reasons and Rehabilitation  
  • Institutional Finance to Small Industries – Financial Institutions, Commercial Banks, Cooperative Banks, Micro Finance. 

UGC NET Paper 2 Syllabus 2023

The syllabus for Paper 2, unlike Paper 1 contains a list of total of 83 subjects, out of which the candidate has to choose one subject they are pursuing or completed their post-graduation in.

Some of the most opted subjects for Paper 2 include Commerce, History, Political Science, Psychology and Management. 

If you want to know the syllabus of all other Paper 2 subjects, I provided the details in the form of a table below.

In the table below I have listed all the 83 subjects of Paper 2 and provided downloadable PDFs of their syllabi.   

Subject Code Subject Syllabus [in English] Syllabus [in Hindi]
08 Commerce Download Download
17 Management (including Business Admn. Mgt./Marketing/ Marketing Mgt./Industrial Relations and Personnel Mgt./ Personnel Mgt./Financial Mgt./Co-operative Management) Download Download
01 Economics / Rural Economics /Co-operation / Demography / Development Planning/ Development Studies / Econometrics/ Applied Economics/Development Eco./Business Economics Download Download
02 Political Science Download Download
03 Philosophy Download Download
04 Psychology Download Download
05 Sociology Download Download
06 History Download Download
07 Anthropology Download Download
09 Education Download Download
10 Social Work Download Download
11 Defence and Strategic Studies Download Download
12 Home Science Download Download
14 Public Administration Download Download
15 Population Studies Download Download
16 Music Download Download
18 Maithili Download Download
19 Bengali Download Download
20 Hindi Download

How to Cover UGC NET Syllabus?

NTA UGC NET Syllabus is a comprehensive study which details what all topics are required to be covered in order to clear the UGC NET exam. However, starting and completing the syllabus is a task in itself. And thus, there is a basic procedure to cover the UGC NET Syllabus which needs to followed by every aspirant.

Let me give you a breakdown of how to cover the NTA UGC NET Syllabus:

  • The first and the foremost step is to carefully go through the syllabus and get hold of all topics entailed in the syllabus.
  • Secondly, categorize each of the subjects in three brackets- Easy, Medium, and Difficult- as per your understanding.
  • Start preparing for the exam by taking up the easy subjects first and then move towards the difficult ones.
  • Upon completing a subject, test your knowledge of it by undertaking 100+ MCQs of the subject. If you could answer the questions, then it would mean you have covered the topic.
  • Simultaneously, proceed with the remaining subjects and keep revising the ones you have completed.
  • This way you would be able to complete the UGC NET Syllabus.

Follow this step-by-step process and let me assure you, you’ll be able to crack UGC NET. I myself used the aforementioned procedure to complete my NTA UGC NET Syllabus.


With this, we have come to the end of the section. Till now we have discussed in detail about UGC NET syllabus and exam pattern for Paper 1 and Paper 2. I hope you find this elaborate information provided on the topics helpful for your exam preparation. I shall now take leave your leave and wish you all the luck for future endeavors.

All the best!!
Keep Learning!!

CEO of Anujjindal.in

About Anuj Jindal


Anuj Jindal, the founder, is an ex-manager from SBI, with an M.Com from Delhi School of Economics. He also has a JRF in Commerce & Management and NET in HRM, along with more than 5 years of experience in the field of Education.

FAQs: UGC NET 2023 Syllabus & Exam Pattern

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    What is UGC NET Syllabus 2023?

    UGC-NET Examination comprises two papers – Paper I (50 Questions & 100 marks) and Paper II (100 Questions & 200 marks), conducted in the same session, without any break. The syllabus for Paper 1 and Paper 2 is as follows: 

    • Paper I is common to all candidates and contains topics like teaching aptitude, communication, logical reasoning, research aptitude, mathematical reasoning and so on.  
    • For Paper II, the candidates must choose the subject they have completed/ or completing their graduation in out of given list of 83 subjects provided by NTA.  

    To access the complete syllabus for Paper 1 and Paper 2, you can refer to the blog mentioned above.

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    Is there any changes in UGC NET 2023 Syllabus?

    No, while the syllabus for UGC NET Paper 1 is different from UGC NET Paper 2, there are no changes made in the syllabus for both papers. 

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    How to prepare the NET Syllabus efficiently?

    To cover the NET Syllabus effectively, the candidates can follow these steps mentioned below: 

    • You can begin by understanding the syllabus and the exam pattern in detailed manner.  
    • Proceed to finding relevant study material that will you help you with the topics given in the syllabus  
    • Lastly stick to the timetable or study plan you have created to cover all the subjects.
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    Where can I download the UGC NET exam syllabus PDF?

    To download the syllabus for UGC NET 2023, you can refer to the UGC NET exam syllabus PDF which I have provided. 

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    What is the UGC NET syllabus for commerce Paper 2?

    The syllabus for UGC NET Paper 2 commerce subject is:  

    • Accounting and Auditing 
    • Business Economics 
    • Business Finance 
    • Business Environment and International Business 
    • Business Management and Human Resource Management

    You can refer to the blog above to get the syllabus for Paper 2 commerce in detail.

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    What is the UGC NET syllabus for Management Paper 2?

    The UGC NET Syllabus for the subject of Management Paper 2 is as follows:  

    • Management Function and Concept 
    • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management 
    • Accounting and Financial Management 
    • Capital Budgeting and Management 
    • Strategic Management and Marketing 

    To know in – depth the list of all subjects for Paper 2 Management, you can check the blog above that I have provided.

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    What is the exam pattern for UGC NET Paper 1?

    The exam pattern for UGC NET Paper 1 can be explained as follows: 

    • The Paper 1 is objective in nature (CBT) with 50 questions from topics such as Reading Comprehension, Quantitative Aptitude, Logical Reasoning for a total of 100 marks.   
    • For each correct answer, the candidate scores +2 marks.   
    • There is no negative marking for attempting incorrect answers in the paper. 
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    What is the exam pattern for UGC NET Paper 2?

    The following points are the characteristics of the exam pattern for UGC NET Paper 2: 

    • For Paper 2, there are objective – based questions (Online) asked with a total of 100 questions for 200 marks.  
    • The marks allotted for each correct answer +2 in the paper.   
    • There is no provision for negative marking in the exam.  
    • For Paper 2, the candidates must choose a subject from the given list of total of 83 subjects. It is held English and Hindi medium, except for few subjects provided for Paper 2, which include language subjects like – French, Spanish, Persian, Maithili, Assamese, Malayalam 
    • The time duration provided for both the papers is 3 hours (180 minutes) and the final selection depends on the marks obtained by a candidate in both the exams.
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    Can UGC NET Syllabus For paper 1 and 2 be finished in 3 months?

    Depending on the subject you choose for Paper 2, the time taken to complete the syllabus can be relative. For example, subjects like Commerce and Management can take a time period of 6 months to complete the syllabus, while the syllabus for subjects like Hindi or History will take lesser time of 3 months to cover.

  1. Krishna Shankar

    msc in zoology subject
    NET subject?

    • admin

      Hello Krishna,
      You can check CSIR NET for list of Subjects.

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