UGC NET DEC 2018 PAPER 1 QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS

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UGC NET DECEMBER PAPER I 2018 QUESTIONS WITH ANSWERS.

Q.1 The field of study dealing with methods and principles used in adult education is known as :

Options

1 Anthropology

2.Gerontology

3.Pedagogy

4.Andralogy

ANSWER:4

Q.2 One way to measure the extent to which a measure is free of random error is to compute its: 

 Options

1.Test-retest reliability

2.Demand characteristics

3.Content validity

4.experimenter’s buyers

ANSWER:1

Q.3 Which of the following indicates the concept of Zone of Proximal Development as suggested by psychologist Lev Vygotsky ?

Options

1 .What a learner can do with help and without help.

2.A learner learns effectively when it is supported with real life examples.

3.A learner’s brain develops faster in childhood.

4.Friends interaction is very important for proper development of child.

ANSWER:1

Q.4 The construction of thought process, which includes remembering, problem solving and decision making, is called as :

Options

1.Cognitive development

2.Andragogy

3.Psychology

4.Pedagogy

 ANSWER:1

Q.5.The field of study of the theory and practice of self-determined learning that focuses on the importance of knowing how to learn is known as :

Options

1.Heutagogy

2.Pedagogy

3.Epistemology 

4.Andragogy   

ANSWER:1

Q.6 In relation to code of conduct in research, what does APA stand for ?

Options

1.American Psychological Association

2.Australian Psychological Association

3.Advanced Psychological Authority

4.Association of Psychological Assessments 

ANSWER:1

Q.7 Qualitative researchers criticise quantitative research for its tendency towards :

Options

Options

1 .Reductionism

2.Emphasis on Evidence

3.Obsession with Creativity

4.Focus on Empericism   

ANSWER:1                                                                                                                

Q.8 Which among the following is the correct set of four fundamental principles of Rabindranath Tagore’s educational philosophy ?

Options

1.Globalisation, Localisation, Transformation, Capitalism

2.Humanism, Commercialisation, Urbanisation, Hinduism

3.Naturalism, Humanism, Internationalism, Idealism

4.Socialism, Spiritualism, Tourism, Commercialism   

ANSWER:3

Q.9 To reduce random error ? Which method is appropriate

Options

1.Administer the treatment in the same way every time

2.Administer manipulation checks

3.Select large sample size

4.Administer the test after a gap of one week 

ANSWER:1

Q.1O The four approaches to knowing answers to research questions, according to Kerlinger, are :

(a)Method of tenacity

(b)Method of intuition

(c) Method of authority

(d) Method of science

(e)Method of creativity

(f) Method of non-functionality

Code :

Options

1.(c), (d) ,(e) and (f)

2.(a),(b),(c) and (d)

3.(b),(d),(e) and (f)

4.(b),(c),(d) and (e) 

ANSWER:2

I.11) Read the following passage carefully and answer the question.

For all the disagreement in the industry about the future of aviation, on one point : ‘There is going to be a lot more of it. The world’s air passengers flew a combined 7.64 trillion kilometers in 2017. By 2037, that will rise to 18.97 trillion kilometers, with about 40% of  increase happening within five intra-regional markets : China, India, North America,Europe  and South-east Asia. That is sparking a battle over the biggest bottleneck holding airports. The governments that still own many of them should be more open to privatisation to cover a $ 78 billion funding gap in needed capital investments. Airlines, airports’ biggest customers  see things differently. Costs at privatised terminals are higher and governments should be cautious  about such actions in the interests of expanding the aviation sector as a  whole. Privatising an airport does not necessarily make it more efficient. A study has found there was little difference between the performance of airports 100% owned by commercially-oriented Government corporations and those majority controlled by private businesses. The key is instead to avoid The structures where the incentives for managers are confused or misaligned, such as where private companies are brought in as minority investors or where managers are swayed by political imperatives. There is a better solution out there, but it is not likely to be very attractive to incumbent airlines, airports, or passengers enamoured of the current generation of gleaming terminals : build more, cheaper airports,

Q.11 What is the growth rate in aviation apart from the five intra-region markets?

1.30 percent

2.20 percent

3.10 percent

4.40 percent                                                                                                                                                                                      ANSWER:4 

I.12) For all the disagreement in the industry about the future of aviation, there is perfect accord on one point : There is going to be a lot more of it. The world’s air passengers flew a combined 7.64 trillion kilometers in 2017. By 2037, that will rise to 18.97 trillion kilometers, with about 40% of the increase happening within five intra-regional markets : China, India, North-America, Europe and South-east Asia. That is sparking a battle over the biggest bottleneck holding back this growth : airports, The governments that still own many of them should be more open to privatisation to cover a $ 78 billion funding gap in needed capital investments. Airlines, airports’ biggest customers, see things differently. Costs at privatised terminals are higher and governments should be cautious about such actions in the interests of expanding the aviation sector as a whole. Privatising an airport does not necessarily make it more efficient. A study has found there was little difference between the performance of airports 100% owned by commercially-oriented government corporations and those majority controlled by private businesses. The key is instead to avoid structures where the incentives for managers are confused or misaligned, such as where private companies are brought in as minority investors or where managers are essentially bureaucrats swayed by political imperatives. There is a better solution out there, but it is not likely to be very attractive to incumbent airlines, airports, or passengers enamoured of the current generation of gleaming terminals : build more, cheaper airports.

Q.12 What is the key for making airports function efficiently ?

Options

1.Avoid structures of confused incentives to managers.                                                                                                          2.Provide misaligned incentives to managers.                                                                                                                          3.Make private companies as minority shareholders.                                                                                                              4.Recognise political imperatives of bureaucrats appointed as managers.                                                                          ANSWER:1

I.13) For all the disagreement in the industry about the future of aviation, there is perfect accord on one point : There is going to be a lot more of it. ‘The world’s air passengers flew a combined 7.64 trillion kilometers in 2017. By 2037, that will rise to 18.97 trillion kilometers, with about 40% of the increase happening within five intra-regional markets : China, India, North-America, Europe and South-east Asia. That is sparking a battle over the biggest bottleneck holding back this growth : airports. The governments that still own many of them should be more open to privatisation to cover a $ 78 billion funding gap in needed capital investments. Airlines, airports’ biggest customers, see things differently. Costs at privatized terminals are higher and governments should be cautious about such actions in the interests of expanding the aviation sector as a whole. Privatizing an airport does not necessarily make it more efficient. A study has found there was little difference between the performance of airports 100% owned by commercially-oriented government corporations and those majority controlled by private businesses. The key is instead to avoid structures where the incentives for managers are confused or misaligned, such as where private companies are brought in as minority investors or where managers are essentially bureaucrats swayed by political imperatives. There is a better solution out there, but it is not likely to be very attractive to incumbent airlines, airports, or passengers enamoured of the current generation of gleaming terminals : build more, cheaper airports.

Q.13) Why should the governments be open to privatisation of airports ? Options Because there is a battle for growth

  1. because there is a battle for growth
  2. Because they own many airports

3.To limit the government control of aviation industry

  1. For necessary capital                                                                                                                                                                ANSWER:4

I.14) For all the disagreement in the industry about the future of aviation, there is perfect accord on one point : There is going to be a lot more of it. The world’s air passengers flew a combined 7.64 trillion kilometers in 2017. By 2037, that will rise to 18.97 trillion kilometers, with about 40% of the increase happening within five intra-regional markets : China, India, North-America, Europe and South-east Asia. That is sparking a battle over the biggest bottleneck holding back this growth : airports. The governments that still own many of them should be more open to privatisation to cover a $ 78 billion funding gap in needed capital investments. Airlines, airports’ biggest customers, see things differently. Costs at privatised terminals are higher and governments should be cautious about such actions in the interests of expanding the aviation sector as a whole. Privatising an airport does not necessarily make it more efficient. A study has found there was little difference between the performance of airports 100% owned by commercially-oriented government corporations and those majority controlled by private businesses. The key is instead to avoid structures where the incentives for managers are confused or misaligned, such as where private companies are brought in as minority investors or where managers are essentially bureaucrats swayed by political imperatives. There is a better solution out there, but it is not likely to be very attractive to incumbent airlines, airports, or passengers enamoured of the current generation of gleaming terminals : build more, cheaper airports.

Q.14 How do airlines see the move for privatisation of airports ?

(a)Feel that costs are high

(b)Governments should be cautious

(c)Interest of the aviation sector is important

(d) It decentralises the authority to control Code :

Options

1.(d), (a) and (b)

2.(b), (c) and (d)

  1. (a), (b) and (c)

4.(c),(d) and (a) 

ANSWER:3

I.15) For all the disagreement in the industry about the future of aviation, there is perfect accord on one point : There is going to be a lot more of it. The world’s air passengers flew a combined 7.64 trillion kilometers in 2017. By 2037, that will rise to 18.97 trillion kilometers, with about 40% of the increase happening within five intra-regional markets : China, India, North-America, Europe and South-east Asia. That is sparking a battle over the biggest bottleneck holding back this growth : airports, The governments that still own many of them should be more open to privatisation to cover a $ 78 billion funding gap in needed capital investments. Airlines, airports’ biggest customers, see things differently. Costs at privatised terminals are higher and governments should be cautious about such actions in the interests of expanding the aviation sector as a whole. Privatising an airport does not necessarily make it more efficient. A study has found there was little difference between the performance of airports 100% owned by commercially-oriented government corporations and those majority controlled by private businesses. The key is instead to avoid structures where the incentives for managers are confused or misaligned, such as where private companies are brought in as minority investors or where managers are essentially bureaucrats swayed by political imperatives. There is a better solution out there, but it is not likely to be very attractive to incumbent airlines, airports, or passengers enamoured of the current generation of gleaming terminals : build more, cheaper airports.

Q.15) Which of the following is the focal inference of the author in the passage ?

Options

1 .Private ownership of airports does not mean efficient management.

2.Government-owned airports are known for high performance.

3.Growth of the aviation industry is distorted.

4.Airports are not an obstacle to the growth of aviation industry.

ANSWER:1

Q.16 Ram said, “I am the only child of my mother”. Next he pointed to a boy and continued, “This boy is the husband of the grandchild of my mother”. How is Ram related to the boy ?

Options

  1. Father-in-law

2.Brother-in-law

  1. Father

4.Grandfather 

ANSWER:1

Q17. If DIVE is coded as IMYG, then the code for TAKE will be :

Options:

1.XFMG

2.XENG

3.YENG

4.TFMC

 ANSWER:3

Q.18 Among the following statements, two are contradictory to each other. Select the code that represents them.

Statements :

(a) All surgeons are doctors.

(b)Some surgeons are doctors.

(c)Some surgeons are not doctors.

(d) No surgeons are doctors.

Code

Options

  1. (b) and (c)

2.(b) and (d)

3.(a) and (d)

4.(a) and (b) 

ANSWER:2

Q19.The relational approach in classroom communication comes from

Options:

  1. Inter-personal communication
  2. Intra-personal communication
  3. Mass communication
  4. Organisational communication                                                                                                                                                ANSWER:1

Q.20 The next term in the series is .

56, 40, 27, 17, -10,

Options:

(1.) 6

(2.)  8

(3.)  5

(4.)  7 

ANSWER:1

Q.21 Choose the word which is different from the rest.

Options:

  1. Hands

2.Eyes

3.Nose

4.Legs     

ANSWER:3

Q.22 In which of the following arguments the conclusion can be no more than probable?

Options

  1. Deductive
  2. Analogical
  3. Demonstrative
  4. Implicative                                                                                                                                                                                    ANSWER:2

Q23.To slow a beast, you break its limbs.To slow a nation, you break its people.”

Identify the argument involved in the above

Options:

1.Deductive

2.Analogical

  1. Inductive

4.Demonstrative                                                                                                                                                                             ANSWER:2

Q.24 Signs are considered as secondary products of :

Options

1.Message

  1. Infotainment

3.Channelisation

  1. Semantic accuracy                                                                                                                                                                   ANSWER:1

Q.25 Classroom speech is considered as a :

Options

  1. Mass medium

2.Non-technical medium

  1. Unorganised medium

4.Technical medium                                                                                                                                                                        ANSWER:2

Q.26 “The relation that exists between Premises and Conclusion is that of logical necessity” – is e case with which of the following arguments ?

Options

  1. Inductive

2.Demonstrative

3.Analogical

4.Deductive                                                                                                                                                                                    ANSWER:4

Q.27 In a classroom, communication becomes effective when participants are :

  • Active
  • Empathetic
  • Heterophilous
  • Homophilous
  • Silent
  • Uncritical Code :

Options

1.(a),(b),(c) and (d)

2.(a), (b), a0nd (d)

3.(b), (c) (d) and (e)

4.(c), (e) and (f)                                                                                                                                                                            ANSWER:2

Q.28 The information seeking strategies of students are :

(a) Entropy-oriented                                                                                                                                                                      (b) Overt                                                                                                                                                                                            (c) Non-functional                                                                                                                                                                            (d) Indirect                                                                                                                                                                                          (e) Third party                                                                                                                                                                                    (f)Testing Code :

Options

1.(b),(d)  (e) and (f)

  1. (b), (c), (e) and (f)

3.(a),(b),(c) and (f)

4.(a),(b),(d) and (e)                                                                                                                                                                        ANSWER:1

Q29.Given below are two premises (a) and (b).Four conclusions are drawn from them.

Select the code that states validly drawn conclusion(s) [taking the premises individually or jointly].

Premises

(a) Some women are teachers.

(b) All teachers are hard-working.

Conclusions :

  • All hard-working people are teachers.
  • All teachers are not women,
  • Some hard-working teachers are women.
  • (iv) Some women are hard-working.

Code :

Options

1   (i) and (ii)

  1. (iii) and (iv)
  2. (ii) and (iii)
  3. (i) and (iv)

ANSWER:2

Q.30 The next term in the letter series is :ME, KH, IK, CN,

Options

  1. EQ
  2. CK
  3. DF

ANSWER:1

I.31)

Monday Tuesday Wednesday
Cab

Time

(Hours)

Distance (kms)

Time

(Hours)

Distance (kms) Time (Hours) Distance (kms)
A 16 636 12 480 10 410
B 10 700 14 490 18 720
C 11 770 13 650 16 640
D 12 744 15 825 14 840
E 14 826 14 728 12 840

The table given above gives the number of kilometers travelled and the number of hours taken by five cabs A, B, C, D, and E. Data on three days is given – Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday.

Use the above data to answer the questions given below.

Q.31 The difference between the average speed of cab C and cab E on Monday is :

Options

  1. 41 kms/hr

2.21 kms/ hr

3.31 kms/hr

4.11 kms/hr                                                                                                                                                        

ANSWER:4

I.32)

Monday Tuesday Wednesday
Cab

Time

(Hou rs)

Distance (kms) (Hours) Distance (kms)

Time

(Hours)

Distance (kms)
A 16 636 12 480 10 410
B 10 700 14 490 18 720
C 11 770 13 650 16 640
D 12 744 15 825 840
D 14 826 14 728 12 840

The table given above gives the number of kilometers travelled and the number of hours taken by five cabs A, B, C, D, and E. Data on three days is given – Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday.

Use the above data to answer the questions given below.

Q.32 The average speed of cab A for the three days taken together is approximately :

Options

  1. 10 km/ hr                                                                                                                                                                                      2.30 km/ hr                                                                                                                                                                                        3.40 km/ hr                                                                                                                                                                                        4.20 km/ hr                                                                                                                                                                                    ANSWER:3

I.33)

Monday Tuesday Wednesday
Cab (Hou rs) Distance (k ms)

Time

(Hours)

Distance (kms) Time (Hours) Distance (kms)
A 16 656 12 480 10 410
B 10 700 14 490 18 720
C 11 770 13 650 16     640
D 12 744 15 825 14 840
E 14 826 14 728 12 840

The table given above gives the number of kilometres travelled and the number of hours taken by five cabs A, B, C, D, and E- Data on three days is given – Monday, Tuesday and Wednesday.

Use the above data to answer the questions given below,

Q33.Which cab travelled the most in the three days taken together ?

Options

1.C

2.D

3.B

4.E                                                                                                                                                                                                  ANSWER:2

Q.34 Which private institutions in the following list have been granted the status of ‘Institutes of Eminence’ by the MHRD ?

(i) BITS, Pilani

(ii) MAHE, Manipal

(iii) Symbiosis, Pune

(iv) Amity University, Noida

Choose the correct answer from the code given below :

Code :

Options

  1. (ii) and (iv)
  2. (i) and (ii)
  3. (ii) and (iii)
  4. (i) and (iii)

ANSWER:2

Q.35 Which of the following diagrams best represents the relationship between, family, family member and domestic help ?

Options

 

 

 

 

 

 

 ANSWER:2

Q.36 Which of the following are pointing devices?

(a) Trackball       

(b) Touchscreen

(c) Graphic Tablet          

(d) Joystick Code:

Options

  1. (a) and (d)
  2. (a), (b) and (d)
  3. (a) only
  4. (a), (b), (c) and (d)

ANSWER:4

Q.37 A set of rules used in communications in a network is called:

Options

1.Protocol

2.Reference

  1. Interface

4.Address                                                                                                                                                                                       ANSWER:1

Q.38 One of the first states to establish a higher education council was:

Options

1.Goa

  1. Andhra Pradesh

3.Sikkim

  1. Jammu and Kashmir                                                                                                                                                                  ANSWER:2

Q.39 What percentage of energy coming from the Sun is re-radiated towards the space?

Options

1.30%

2.15%

3.50%

  1. 25%                                                                                                                                                                                                ANSWER:1

Q.40 Which one of the following is not a Network Topology 2

Options

  1. Bus
  2. Chain
  3. Ring
  4. Star
    ANSWER:2

Q.41 The most harmful types of environmental pollutants are:

Options

1.Natural nutrients present in excess

2.Wastes from faecal matter

3.Non-biodegradable chemicals

4.Human organic wastes
ANSWER:3

Q.42      Match the following:

List – I                               List – II

  • Open University              (i) Odisha State Open University, Odisha
  • Dual Mode University    (ii) Amity University
  • Mixed Mode University (iii) Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru
  • Deemed University         (iv) University of Mumbai, Mumbai
  • Specialised University    (v) School of Planning and Architecture, New Delhi Code:

Options:                    (a)           (b)               (c)                (d)          (e)

(1)     (v)             (i)               (iv)               (ii)           (iii)

(2)     (iii)            (ii)               (v)               (i)            (iv)

(3)     (ii)             (iii)              (i)                (iv)          (v)

(4)     (i)              (iv)              (ii)               (iii)          (v)

ANSWER:4

Q.43 State higher education councils are established under the instruction of

Options

  1. CABE
  2. NITI Aayog

3.PUSA

4.RUSA

ANSWER:4

Q.44 As per Central Forestry Commission (CFC), how many forest types are found in our country ?

Options

1.28

2.15

3.16

4.20

ANSWER:3

Q.45

Q.45 Match the following .
                 List – 1 List 11
               (a)          Browser (i) Outlook
               (b)          Programming Language (ii) DOS
               (c)           Operating System (iii) Internet Explorer
               (d)          E-mail (iv) Fortran

The correct code is:

(a)           (b)     (c)      (d)

1.  (iii)          (iv)     (ii)      (i)

  1.   (i)          (iii)     (ii)      (iv)
  2.  (iv)         (iii)     (ii)       (i)
  3.   (ii)         (iii)     (iv)      (i)

ANSWER:1

Q.46)

Assertion (A): Natural gas is a very attractive eco-friendly fuel.

Reason (R): It produces few pollutants and less carbon dioxide per unit energy than any other fossil fuel on combustion.

Code :

Options

1.(A) is false, but (R) is true.

2.Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).

  1. (A) is true, but (R) is false.

4.Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).

ANSWER:2

Q.47 The number of open universities and directorates of distance education whose courses are recognised by UCC as on August 9, 2018, is

Options

1.53

2.62

3.49

4.58

ANSWER:1

Q.48 A study was carried out on the drought resilience in India. Which of the following States show highest level of handling drought ?

Options

1 . Sikkim, Punjab, Arunachal Pradesh

2.Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Jammu and Kashmir

  1. Odisha, Karnataka, Kerala         
  2. 4. Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu

ANSWER:1

Q.49 Which of the following diagrams indicates the best relation between India, World and New Delhi ?

Options

ANSWER:4

Q50.which of the following denotes internet hardware requirements ?

(a)Hub

(b)Bridge

(c)Router

(d)Gateway

(e)Modem

Code:                                                                                                                                                                                                  Options:

1.(a), (b) and (e)

2.(b),(c),(d)  and (e)

3.(e) only

4.(a),(b),(c),(d) and (e)

ANSWER:4

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