The commitment to achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC) by 2030 is a mandate set by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) of the UN and signed up to by India in September 2015.
Now the national health program will consist of:
- National Health Mission (NHM) and
- a revamped Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) — soon to be renamed the Rashtriya Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (RSSY)
What is Universal Health Coverage?
- The World Health Organisation (WHO) describes UHC as a state where the health needs of all citizens are met without any of them experiencing financial hardship.
- It depicts UHC with three dimensions:
- Population coverage (what proportion of people and which sections are covered);
- Service coverage (what is the package of health services that is covered)
- Cost coverage (what proportion of the health-care cost is incurred as out-of-pocket spending and how much is met by the government or employer).