The commitment to achieve Universal Health Coverage (UHC) by 2030 is a mandate set by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) of the UN and signed up to by India in September 2015.


Now the national health program will consist of:

  1. National Health Mission (NHM) and
  2. a revamped Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (RSBY) — soon to be renamed the Rashtriya Swasthya Suraksha Yojana (RSSY)


What is Universal Health Coverage?

  • The World Health Organisation (WHO) describes UHC as a state where the health needs of all citizens are met without any of them experiencing financial hardship.
  • It depicts UHC with three dimensions:
    1. Population coverage (what proportion of people and which sections are covered);
    2. Service coverage (what is the package of health services that is covered)
    3. Cost coverage (what proportion of the health-care cost is incurred as out-of-pocket spending and how much is met by the government or employer).