UPSC Eligibility Criteria and Salary of IAS & IPS Officers

Topics Covered: UPSC Eligibility Criteria for IAS/IPS/IFS Exam, Academic Qualifications, Age Limit & Number of Attempts, Nationality, Salary of an IAS, IPS & IFS Officers with Salary Stucture

Okay, so before I start off with this article, I would mention that there are 2 ways you can choose to read this article.

One way is to directly go to the table of content and click on the topic that you’d like to read. That’s the way for you if you the straightforward type.

The second way is more for the easy-breezy type of guys who like to go with the flow.

If you are the latter, make yourself a fresh cup of tea and come along as I slowly ease into topics of UPSC Eligibility criteria & salary of IAS officers. So, to start off, let me ask you a question.

Have you heard the story of King Arthur, the legendary king of Britain, and his sword, Excalibur?

I remember hearing the story when I was little. I am sure many of you might also have heard the story in some form or another.

Basically, the story speaks of an enchanted sword of power called Excalibur, which was stuck in stone.

This sword could only be pulled out and wielded by the most upright and brave of men, one that was pure of heart and possessing unflinching moral integrity.

Many able-bodied men tried their luck, but all of them failed to pull the magical sword out of the stone.

At last, it was King Arthur who was able to do it and consequently became the rightful King of the Britons.

Sounds similar to the Marvel Comics superhero Thor and his magical hammer Mjolnir, doesn’t it?

If you look carefully, you’ll find that these kinds of stories all around us, in every culture and folk tradition, in one form or another.

These stories always emphasize the importance of having an upright and selfless nature, being strong, abiding by the law, and defending the weak.

They also point out the fact that the seats of authority and power are always reserved for those that can prove their worth by displaying the aforementioned traits in the face of adversities.

I know what you might be wondering. You are thinking, “Why is Anuj sir going on about such fabled tales when the article is about the UPSC IAS exam?”

Well, I’ll elaborate.

You see, in my childhood, I used to take these tales to be isolated pieces of lore that spoke of magic and adventure.

However, as I grew older, I slowly realized the underlying wisdom that these stories were trying to get across; the wisdom that power and authority are only handed to those who are worthy of wielding it. Much like the powers that an IAS officer wields.

Having said that I want to ask you, Would you like to wield massive powers as an IAS officer yourself?

Well, if your answer is yes, then you too would have to prove your worth. Like King Arthur, the superhero Thor, or the host of other folk heroes, you’d also need to go through your fair share of tests and challenges before you can finally become entitled to wield the powers that the posts of IAS/IPS offer.

These tests and challenges that I speak of will be laid in front of you in the form of the UPSC CSE exam.

Now, to appear for the UPSC CSE exam, you would need to fit certain UPSC Eligibility Criteria, like the right academic qualification, nationality, age, etc.

If you fit all the UPSC eligibility criteria, then you’ll be able to appear for the UPSC CSE exam.

Furthermore, if you are able to crack it, then you can lay claim to immense power, and the salary of IAS that comes along with it.

In this article, I have written about the UPSC IAS eligibility, and the salary of IAS in much detail. So, without wasting any more of your time, let’s begin.

Table of Content – UPSC Eligibility Criteria, and Salary of IAS & IPS Exam

UPSC Exam Eligibility

Right of the bat, you must have a bachelor’s degree if you want to be eligible to take the IAS exams, and that is just one of the eligibility criteria.

There are other criteria of eligibility for UPSC as well that you definitely need to look into before applying for the IAS exam online.

So first and foremost, to be eligible to appear for the UPSC exam, you need to make sure that you meet the required educational qualifications.

The educational qualifications necessary to appear for the UPSC exams are not as steep as those required to appear for certain other exams like UGC NET and RBI Grade B.

By not steep I mean that the eligibility for UPSC does not require a minimum passing mark in your graduation certificate.

However, make no mistake. Do not let this fool you into thinking that the UPSC exam is in any way easier to crack than the others. The UPSC IAS exams are by far one of the toughest exams in India today. It would take a perfect IAS preparation strategy and a lot of hard work to make it through to be an IAS officer.

You’d also need the right IAS books to read and solve all IAS previous year question papers, both of which you can read about in the blogs I have written.

Anyway, tough or not, the very experience of attempting the IAS exams for the first time is something that is out of this world.

The sheer vastness of the IAS syllabus and the cleverness of the questions in the papers are sure to make you marvel at the scale of the exam.

Having said that I shall now go through the educational qualification-based UPSC eligibility criterion.

UPSC Eligibility Criteria - Qualifications, Age Limit & No. of Attempts

UPSC Exam Eligibility – Academic Qualifications

I have written the UPSC eligibility based on educational qualifications in detail below:

To appear for the UPSC IAS exam you must have proof that you are a graduate from a centrally or state-recognized university. (a graduation degree).

Some scenarios:

  1. In case you are in your final year of college and have appeared for or are intending to appear for the final examination of your bachelor’s degree course, or are awaiting the results of the same, you are eligible to apply for the prelims examination of the UPSC IAS exam.
  2. If you are able to clear the prelims round of the UPSC exam and are planning to appear for the Mains round of the UPSC exam, you’d need to produce the proof of your graduation by attaching your bachelor’s passing certificate to your application for the Mains exams.
  3. In certain exceptional cases, the UPSC may allow you to appear for the IAS exams even if you do not have a graduation certificate from an Indian university but have passed your final graduation examination from any other institute, the standard of which is in line with the perception of the UPSC e.g., Oxford, Cambridge, Harvard, etc.
  4. If the case is that you possess a professional or technical bachelor’s degree like BE or MBBS recognized by the govt, you’d be considered eligible to appear for the UPSC exam.
  5. In case you have already passed the final examination of your MBBS course or any other medical course but are yet to complete your internship at the time of your application for the UPSC Mains exams, you will still be provisionally allowed to appear for it, provided that you submit along with your application a copy of the certificate from your university/institute that you have passed your final medical exam.In such a case, you would need to produce at the time of your interview, your original degree or a certificate from your university attesting that you have completed all that is needed (including the completion of internship) for the award of the degree.

UPSC IAS Eligibility – Age Limit

Long story short – Gen:32, OBC:35, SC/ST:37, PWD:42

Compared to the criterion of educational qualification, the UPSC eligibility criteria of age limit, and nationality are things over which you, as a candidate, have no control.

The most you can do is be done with your minimum educational qualification as soon as possible.

That way you’ll be able to save yourself the required number of attempts that you’d need to crack the UPSC exams.

However, there are certain variations to this rule as well, depending on a number of factors.

I will be enumerating each one in detail in the lines below.

I mention the issue of attempts here because it is common knowledge that very few candidates are able to crack the UPSC IAS exams in their first attempt itself.

Do you think you are one of them?

Well, if you do it’s well and good, but my experience as an educator over the years and the statistics stack the odds against you. Let me explain.

Over the years, I have seen, from my own experience and also from the experiences of several of my students that cracking the UPSC exam in your first attempt is near impossible.

With that, I think I have said enough about the importance of starting way before you reach your upper age limit, and subsequently saving the appropriate number of years for your UPSC attempts.

In the lines below I have mentioned the UPSC exam eligibility according to age limits and attempts for the various categories.

UPSC Age Limit and Number of Attempts

If you are a candidate of the general category, you must belong to the age bracket of 21 to 31 years on the 1st day of August of the year of examination. The upper age limit for IAS and all the other services are relaxed for aspirants belonging to the categories of SC/ST/OBC/others.

Age limit relaxation in UPSC for ST/SC/OBC

  1. There is an age relaxation of up to a maximum of 5 years if you belong to a Scheduled Caste (SC) or a Scheduled Tribe (ST).
  2. If you belong to one of the Other Backward Classes (OBC) the age relaxation is up to a maximum of 3 years.
  3. Relaxation up to a maximum of 10 years in case you are a deaf-mute, or blind, or orthopedically handicapped person.
  4. Age relaxation is up to a maximum of 5 years if you had been a domiciled resident in the state of Jammu & Kashmir from the period of 1st January of 1980 to the 31st of December 1989.

Other special relaxations:

  1. You’d be granted an age relaxation of up to a maximum of 3 years if you are a Defence Services personnel and got disabled while in combat with a hostile foreign country or in a disturbed area and are released as a consequence thereof.
  2. There is an age relaxation of up to a maximum of 5 years in case you are an ex-serviceman, Commissioned Officer, or SSCO/ECO, and have served a minimum of 5 years in the Military as of the 1st of August and have been released. The aforementioned holds true in case of completion of service assignments, including the ones that are due to be completed within a year from the 1st of August, other than the way of discharge or dismissal on account of inefficiency or misconduct, or on account of being physically disabled due to military service, or on being invalid.
  3. You’d be granted a relaxation of up to a maximum of 5 years in the case that you are an ECO/SSCO and have completed an initial assignment period of 5 years of military service as of the 1st of August, and your assignment has been extended beyond the 5 years period. In such a case the Ministry of Defence issues a certificate through which you can apply for civil employment. Through this certificate, you are eligible for release on a 3 months’ notice period in the case that you are selected, from the date of receipt of the appointment offer.

Cumulative Age-Relaxation on UPSC Age Limit

  1. If you belong to any of the categories of ST/SC/OBC and also come under the category of ex-servicemen/domiciled in the state of J &K/blind/deaf-mute/orthopedically handicapped etc, you will be eligible for the grant of cumulative age relaxation under both the categories.
  2. The term of ex-servicemen will be applicable to the persons that fit the definition of ex-servicemen as per the Ex-servicemen (Re-employment in Civil Services and Posts) Rules, 1979, which are also subject to amendments from time to time.
  3. The age concession under the aforementioned points of, f. and g. would not be granted to the ex-servicemen and commissioned officers, and ECOs/SSCOs who are released on their own request.
  4. As per the provision of age-relaxation under point g. written above, if you are physically disabled, you will be considered eligible only if you are found to satisfy the level of disability required for a person with a disability to be allocated under the category of physically disabled. This can be proved after you produce a certificate of disability issued by the government or a valid appointing authority.

Number of Attempts as per Age Limit

The UPSC had raised the number of attempts and of the upper age limit criteria for applicants of the Civil Services Exams in the year 2015.

According to the amendment, the candidates belonging to the general category had been granted an upper age limit of 32 years with a maximum of 6 attempts.

For the OBC candidates, the upper age limit is 35 with a maximum of 9 attempts.

The ST/SC candidates have an the upper age limit is 37 years with an unlimited number of attempts. As for the physically handicapped candidates, the age limit is 42, 45, and 47 years for the general, OBC, and ST/SC categories respectively.

However, the maximum number of attempts for the physically disabled general and OBC candidates is 9, whereas, for the ones from the ST/SC categories, it is unlimited.

Table of Age Limit Eligibility for UPSC & Attempts

Category Maximum Age No. of Attempts
General 32 6
OBC 32+3=35 9
SC/ST 32+5=37 As many as he/she can until upper age limit reached
Physically disabled 32+10=42 General: 9 attempts
(Blind, Deaf-mute, Orthopedically handicapped) OBC: 9
SC/ST: As many as he/she can until upper age limit reached
J&K domicile General: 32+5=37 as per categories mentioned above, i.e., Gen, OBC, SC/ST, Disabled
OBC: 32+5+3=40
SC/ST: 32+5+5=42
PH: 32+5+10=50
Ex-serviceman discharged from duty due to disability General: 32+3=35 same as above
OBC: 32+3+3=38
SC/ST: 32+3+5=40
Ex-serviceman discharged after 5 years dutyGeneral: 32+5=37 same as above
OBC: 32+5+3=40
SC/ST: 32+5+5=42

I hope the table above helps you view all the exhaustive texts written before from a comprehensive and birds-eye point of view.

UPSC Eligibility Criteria – Nationality

To appear for the UPSC IAS & IPS exams you need to be a citizen of India, for all other services, you must be either:

  1. A citizen of India,
  2. Or a subject of Nepal,
  3. Or a subject of Bhutan,
  4. Or a refugee from Tibet that came to India before the 1st of January 1962 with the intention of settling in India permanently.
  5. Or an individual with Indian origin who has migrated from Burma, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, East African countries of Uganda, Zambia, Zaire, Kenya, the united republic of Tanzania, Malawi, Ethiopia, & Vietnam, with the purpose of settling permanently in India. If you belong to categories b), c), d), and e), then you’d need a certificate issued by the govt. of India to be eligible. Also belonging to the b), c), d), and e). Categories will bar you from being eligible to be appointed to the Indian Foreign Services.

Note: In the case that you are a candidate that needs to produce a certificate of eligibility from the government, you shall be allowed to appear for the exam, but your offer of appointment may only be given when you have submitted the aforenoted certificate of eligibility issued by the Indian Government.

IFS, IPS & IAS Eligibility – Restrictions on Applying

  1. If you are already appointed to the Indian Administrative Services (IAS) or Indian Foreign Services (IFS) on the result sheets of an earlier examination and also continue to be a member of any of the 2 services, then you will not be eligible to appear in the exams that particular year. In case you are appointed to any of the two services after having sat for the year’s Prelims and continue to be a member of any of the 2 services, you would then not be eligible to appear for the Mains exam for the year. Also if you are appointed to any of the 2 services before the results of the UPSC exams of the particular year comes out, and continue to be a member of any of the 2 services, in such a case you will not be considered for appointment to any post/service on the basis of the results of the examinations of that particular year.
  2. If you are already appointed to the Indian Police Services (IPS) on the result sheets of an earlier examination and continue to be an IPS officer, then you will not be eligible to opt for the IPS in the exams for the particular year.

    That brings us to the end of the topic of UPSC eligibility criteria. Now we shall look into the topic of IAS Salary in India.

    Salary of an IAS

    In this section of the blog, I have mentioned the topic of IAS salary in India in detail and also the salary structure/pay scale of IAS officers according to the 7th Pay Commission recommendation.

    With that said let me get straight to the point. The basic monthly IAS salary in India starts from Rs. 56,100 (excluding DA, TA, and HRA).

    This value can go on to reach a monthly salary of Rs, 2,50,000, which is the salary of the post of Cabinet Secretary of India.

    Now let us take a look at the pay scale of IAS officers according to the 7th Pay Commission.

    IAS officer Salary Structure – 7th Pay Commission

    Salary Structure of an IAS Officer

    IAS Salary in India:

    Pay Level Number of years required in service Basic Pay (INR) Posts
    State Secretariat District Administration Central Secretariat
    10 1-4 56,100 Undersecretary Sub-Divisional Magistrate Assistant Secretary
    11 5-8 67,700 Deputy Secretary Additional District Magistrate Undersecretary
    12 9-12 78,800 Joint Secretary District Magistrate Deputy Secretary
    13 13-16 1,18,500 Special Secretary-cum-Director District Magistrate Director
    14 16-24 1,44,200 Secretary-cum-Commissioner Divisional Commissioner Joint Secretary
    15 25-30 1,82,200 Principal Secretary Divisional Commissioner Additional Secretary
    16 30-33 2,05,400 Additional Chief Secretary No Equivalent Rank No Equivalent Rank
    17 34-36 2,25,000 Chief Secretary No Equivalent Rank Secretary
    18 37+ years 2,50,000 No Equivalent Rank No Equivalent Rank Cabinet Secretary of India

    About Allowances:

    What is mentioned above in the table is the IAS salary in India excluding the various allowances that the government offers to IAS officers like House rent Allowances, Dearness Allowances, Travel Allowances, Medical, etc.

    I have not mentioned the allowances here because the government does not specifically give out details about what allowances are allocated for the various pay grades.

    This is also due to the reason that Allowances that IAS officers receive from the govt. differ according to the city of posting, and various other factors.

    I think that’s all you need to know about the salary of IAS for now. That’s because making the salary of IAS as the main motivation for appearing for the UPSC CSE exams is not going to help you clear it.

    Being an IAS officer is more than just the salary and allowances and power that it fetches.

    It is more about the responsibility that rests on anyone filling in as an IAS officer.

    Therefore, someone that wants to become an IAS officer for money or power alone will never be able to make it through all the 3 rounds of the UPSC CSE selection process. Definitely not through the personal interview round.

    If you want to know about the UPSC CSE selection process or the exam pattern, you’ll find a blog pertaining to the same on my website itself.

    Promotions of an IAS Officer


    That brings us to the end of this somewhat long and detailed article. I hope it has helped you clear all your doubts about the various UPSC eligibility criteria and the topic of IAS salary in India. Having said that I now bid farewell. Until next time.

    Have a great day!

    Founder & CEO of

    About Anuj Jindal


    Anuj Jindal, the founder, is an ex-manager from SBI, with an M.Com from Delhi School of Economics. He also has a JRF in Commerce & Management and NET in HRM, along with more than 5 years of experience in the field of Education.

    FAQs: UPSC Eligibility Criteria and Salary of an IAS Officer

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      What is the age limit for UPSC Civil Services Exam?

      According to the IAS eligibility mentioned in the UPSC notification for the given year, the minimum age limit for candidates is 21 years, irrespective of the category that he/she might belong to.

      However, the upper age limit for IAS eligibility differs from candidate to candidate. The upper age limit for IAS eligibility for General candidates is 32 years, whereas for OBC candidates it is 35 years, for SC/ST it is 37, and the upper age limit for IAS eligibility for PWD candidates is 42 years.

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      What is the maximum number of attempts for General category students for UPSC CSE?

      According to the clause of IAS eligibility written in the UPSC notification of a particular year, the maximum number of attempts that a General Category student is allowed to take is 6.

      Also, it should be known that this IAS eligibility clause for the maximum number of attempts holds true only if the candidate has not touched his upper age limit. Meaning that if someone from the general category gives his first attempt at the age of 29, he can be allowed to take only 2-3 attempts till he touches his 32nd year, according to the IAS eligibility.

      So, to utilize all the 6 attempts, a general category candidate should start appearing for the IAS exam by as early as his 25th year, to be on the safe side.

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      What is the maximum number of attempts for EWS category students for UPSC CSE?

      As per the IAS eligibility clause mentioned in the UPSC notification of a given year, the maximum number of attempts that the UPSC allows for an EWS Category student to take is 6.

      Also, you should note that the maximum number of attempts portion of the IAS eligibility clause holds true only if the student has not touched his upper age limit.

      This means that if someone belonging to the EWS category gives his first attempt at the age of 29, then he can be allowed to take only 2-3 attempts at most until he touches his 32nd year.

      So, to utilize all 6 attempts, an EWS category candidate should start taking the IAS exam by as early as his 25th year, to be on the safe side.

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      What is the maximum number of attempts for OBC category students for UPSC?

      The UPSC exam eligibility mentions that the maximum number of attempts that a candidate belongs to the OBC can take is 9.

      Also, to be noted is that the maximum number of attempts clause holds true only if the student has not touched his upper age limit.

      Meaning that if an OBC candidate appears for his first IAS exam at the age of 32, then he’d have only 2-3 attempts left, until he touches his 35th year, according to the IAS eligibility.

      So, to utilize all 9 attempts, the OBC candidate would need to start taking his yearly IAS exams by his 25th year, that is if he doesn’t crack it in his first 8 attempts.

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      Is there any reservation for ex-servicemen in the Civil Services Exam?

      Yes, there are reservations for ex-servicemen in the Civil Services Exam. According to the UPSC exam eligibility, the upper age limits of ex-servicemen are extended by a few years.

      Also, to be noted is that according to UPSC exam eligibility, the upper age limit criteria for ex-servicemen have been divided between two different categories of ex-servicemen. The first being “Ex-serviceman discharged from duty due to disability” and the other being, “Ex-serviceman discharged after 5 years duty”.

      The UPSC exam eligibility age criteria is further divided into 3 categories for each type of ex-servicemen.

      So, starting with the category of “Ex-serviceman discharged from duty due to disability”, the upper age limit for General candidates is 35 years, for OBC, it is 38 years, and for SC/ST, it is 40 years.

      Now, talking about the category of “Ex-serviceman discharged after 5 years duty”, the upper age limit for General candidates is 37 years, for OBC, it is 40 years, and for SC/ST, it is 42 years.

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      Which branch of engineering is eligible for the IAS?

      Only a degree certificate is required for you to be eligible to take the IAS exam, it does not matter which branch of engineering you have graduated from. This is because it is not asked of you to write which branch of engineering you did your graduation from. Just mentioning that you have an engineering degree would be enough when applying to appear for the IAS exam.

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      Is a diploma holder eligible for UPSC?

      Nope, that’s a negative. A diploma holder is not eligible to appear for the UPSC Civil services exam, because the UPSC demands that applicants have at least a graduation degree before applying for the exam. Anything less than a graduation degree will therefore be unacceptable, as per the UPSC Civil services eligibility standards.

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      What is the starting salary of an IAS officer?

      The starting salary of an IAS officer is 56,100 INR per month. And that is just the basic monthly salary of an IAS officer without taking into account all the perks and allowances that he is eligible to receive, like Dearness Allowance (DA), Transport Allowance (TA), and House Rent Allowance (HRA), and so on and so forth.

      Also, to note is that this base monthly salary of an IAS officer is when he’s been in the civil services for 1-4 years. So, after 4 years the basic monthly salary of IAS officers increases to 67,700 INR. However, since the question asks about the starting salary of an IAS officer, I will stop right there. To know more, you can read the blog I have written above.

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      How much money can IAS earn legally?

      An IAS officer can earn legally only as much money/salary that he/she receives from the government according to the 7th Pay commission. However, that is true only if the IAS officer in concern has no savings, or has made no investments in stocks, bonds, or mutual funds, or property.

      If an IAS officer makes profitable investments, then the money that he can earn legally can even go up to several crores.

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      Who pays the salary of an IAS officer?

      This is an important question. So, the answer is, the state government pays the salary of IAS officers. Now, you might be thinking that how is this possible when the IAS officers have been selected via the UPSC, and not the State PSCs. Well, the explanation for this is that the salary of IAS officers is decided and fixed by the Union government of India. However, it is the State government that pays the salary of IAS officers, to those assigned to the state in question.

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      What is the salary of an IAS per day?

      Well, I can tell you the basic monthly salary of an IAS officer who’s been in service for 1-4 years, and that is 56,100 INR. That’s of course excluding all the allowances that he/she receives.

      So, to find out the per day salary of the IAS officer we’d just need to divide the base monthly salary amount by 26, considering that Saturdays are mostly working for IAS officers. So the per day salary amounts to around 2,157 INR, excluding daily allowance charges.

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      Is the IAS Officer Salary more than the IPS Officer Salary?

      Yes, the IAS officer salary is slightly higher than that of an IPS officer, because the IAS most is a bit more superior in terms of power and importance. This can be assessed by the fact that there is usually only one IAS officer in an area, but the number of IPS officers present in an area can be decided according to the area’s requirement.

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      What are the perks of an IAS Officer?

      The perks of being an IAS officer are many. You’ll get travel allowance, dearness allowance, house rent allowance, you won’t have to pay your electricity or water bills, you’ll have amazing job security, you will also be able to apply for study leaves of up to 2 years after a service of more than 7 years, you’ll have lifetime pension and amazing retirement benefits. The perks are practically endless.

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      What is HRA and DA for IAS Officer?

      HRA is basically short for House Rent Allowance, and DA is short for Dearness Allowance. The details of the allowances are not made public but they form a pretty significant portion of an IAS officer’s gross monthly salary.

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      What is the salary of IAS after the 7th Pay Commission?

      After the constitution of the 7th pay commission, the starting basic monthly salary of an IAS officer now is 56,100 INR. This amount increases according to the number of years of service that the IAS has given and according to promotions that he receives.

      That said this amount can go all the way up to 1,82,200 INR for an IAS after having served 25-30 years as a civil servant and reaching the post of Principal Secretary, or divisional commissioner, or an additional secretary. And it doesn’t stop there.

      The highest basic monthly salary that an IAS can accrue is 250000 INR after serving for 37+ years and reaching the post of the Cabinet Secretary of India

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      Does the government provide the electricity and other bills of an IAS officer?

      Yes, that is usually the case, and even if it’s not, the costs are heavily subsidized. And it is not just the electricity bills, but the water bills, gas, and phone bills, that are also taken care of by the government. This is so because the IAS’ post is an extremely important post and demands that the officer in question be completely subservient to the act of solving the problems in the area that he is posted to. This often leaves the officer with very little time to think about paying electricity and water bills.


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