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UPSC Exam Analysis of Commerce & Management (Optionals)

Topics Covered: About UPSC IAS Commerce & Management Optional Subjects, Commerce Exam Analysis 2022, Commerce Past Year Paper Analysis 2018-2022 with Overall Analysis & Management Exam Analysis 2022, Management Past Year Paper Analysis 2018-2022 with Overall Analysis

The UPSC CSEs are one of the most challenging exams of our time. The unpredictability of the exam and the vastness of its syllabus are well known. It consists of three phases, the Prelims, the Mains, and the Interview rounds, out of which the Mains is by far considered to be the toughest to crack.

The very fact that the Phase 2/Mains section of the exam consists of 9 descriptive type papers is enough to boggle anyone’s mind. All of these papers are of 250 marks except for 2 qualifying language-based papers of 300 marks each.

Out of the 7 papers of 250 marks are 2 papers which are called Optional paper 1 and Optional paper 2. These will be the papers I shall be restricting the article to, that too for the optional subjects of “Commerce & Accountancy” and “Management”.

In this article, I have done a detailed analysis of the optional papers of “Commerce & Accountancy” and “Management” of the last four years.

Having mentioned that, I know what must be going on in your mind. Why just the exam analysis of the 2 optional subjects of “Commerce & Accountancy” and “Management”, why not the other papers like the GS1, GS2, GS3, GS4, Essay, or any other optional paper?

Well, the reasons for that are two. First, the optional subjects of “Commerce & Accountancy” and “Management” are what I specialize in, and that you won’t find a more exhaustive exam analysis for the papers of these 2 subjects anywhere else on the internet.

The second reason is a bit more utilitarian. The fact that there are numerous materials on the internet pertaining to all UPSC papers except for the ones on the subjects of Commerce and Management, convinced me to restrict myself to the same.

Table of Content – UPSC Exam Analysis of Commerce & Management

About UPSC Commerce & Management Optionals

Now that you know the reasons why I have listed out the exam analyses of only the Commerce and Management optionals in this article, let me elaborate on why these 2 optionals are so relevant.

The best part about these 2 optional subjects is that it is very easy to score well in these subjects. All that you’d require to clear these papers is a clear understanding of the concepts and topics as per their syllabi up to the graduation level.

I know about this firsthand, as my brother is an IAS officer himself, and he had “Management” as his optional subject, and I had cleared the UPSC Mains twice with “Commerce & Accountancy” as mine.

Another added benefit of choosing from these 2 optionals is the low level of competition that you’ll be facing. Meaning that, if you take History, or Public Administration, or Geography, you’ll face immense competition, as most UPSC students choose these subjects for their optional papers. However, that is not the case with the subjects of “Commerce & Accountancy” and “Management”.

Furthermore, according to the annual reports released by the UPSC every year, the subjects of “Commerce & Accountancy” and “Management”, have consistently ranked as the ones with some of the highest success rates in the UPSC Mains.

Therefore, my advice would be that if you are from the commerce background, do not opt for subjects like history, or geography in your optional papers. Rather you should choose one out of Commerce, or Management as your optional subject, as it would be much more beneficial for you.

That said, for those of you who have already decided on having the subjects of Commerce, or Management as your optional subjects, the exam analyses of the past years’ papers of Commerce & Management that I have written below are no less than a treasure chest.

However, before presenting you with that, let me provide you some valuable information about the exam date.

The 2022 Commerce and Management optional of the UPSC CSE Mains 2022 took place on 25th September 2022.

Check the complete set of exam dates for the 2022 UPSC exams cycle.

Using the exam analysis that I have done of the past papers of the last 5 years, you can easily understand the kind of questions that might be asked in the upcoming exams, the important topics, and also the marks you’d need to secure in order to clear the cut-offs.

So, without further ado, let us start with the Commerce Optional exam analysis.

UPSC Commerce Optional Exam Analysis

In the UPSC Commerce optional past years paper analysis that I have given below, you shall find the exam analysis of the commerce papers of the past 5 years, i.e., from that of 2018 to that of 2022.

Let us understand the pattern of the Commerce optional papers for a bit.

Both the commerce optional papers have 2 sections, namely Section A and Section B.

In paper 1 of Commerce, the questions that are being asked are based on the topics of Tax, Audit, Accounts, Costing, and FM & IFS (Financial Management & Indian Financial System), and the topics cannot be divided according to the 2 sections in it. Meaning, that Section A, as well as Section B of paper 1, both have questions from all of the topics mentioned above.

In paper 2 of Commerce, unlike paper 1, the topics can be divided according to the sections. Section A consists of questions from the topics of Organizational Behaviour (OB), and Organizational Theory (OT), whereas Section B contains questions from the topics of Human Resource Management (HRM), and Industrial Relations (IR).

As far as marks go, the Commerce optional papers, like all optional papers have a maximum mark of 250, i.e., 250 for paper 1, and 250 for paper 2. However, these papers have a lot of optional questions, meaning that you can often choose to answer any one of two questions given in the paper. Therefore, if we were to add up the marks of the optional questions as well, the total marks of the papers would be 400. In other words, 400 for paper 1, and 400 for paper 2.

Furthermore, questions would be of either 10, 15, or 20 marks, and very rarely of 25 marks, in the papers, out of which the 10 marks questions are usually the compulsory ones. So, while analyzing and studying the past years papers, make sure that you do not miss out on these.

Talking about not missing out on questions, here’s a piece of important advice. Even though, in the exams, you’d have to attempt only 250 out of the total 400 marks worth of questions in each paper, its usually highly recommended that you analyze and study each of the questions of the past years, irrespective of whether it is an optional question or not. That way your preparation would be more holistic, and you won’t miss out on any topic.

Lastly, before I begin with the UPSC Commerce optional exam analysis, here’s something to take note of. I have given the PDF links to the papers of the particular year before the exam analyses of the same. Meaning, before listing the analysis of paper 1 of the 2021 Commerce exam, I have shared the PDF link of the same, and for paper 2, I have shared the PDF link of paper 2.

Moreover, in the year-wise exam analysis tables that I have given below, you’ll find that I have listed down every single question in a topic-wise manner, along with its level of difficulty, and the marks it contained. I have also mentioned if the questions are Numerical based or not.

Therefore, for best results, I’d recommend that you refer to the PDFs mentioned above while going through the Exam analysis tables I have listed below.

Let’s begin:

2022 Commerce Paper 1

The below table gives a brief about the questions that featured in UPSC Mains 2022 Commerce Paper 1. I have also attached a link that will exhibit the entire question paper of the exam. Refer to it while studying the table.

PDF link to 2022 Commerce Paper 1

2022 Commerce Paper 1 - Section A
Financial Accounting Cost Accounting Taxation Auditing
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q2(b)15 Marks Moderate Numerical Q3(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q4(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q3(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Aggregate
4Qs
2E, 2M
1N
60 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
2N
70 marks
3Qs
2E, 1M
1N
45 marks
2Qs
2E
-
25 marks
2022 Commerce Paper 1 - Section B
Financial Management Financial Market & Institutions
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q5(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q8(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q5(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q6(b) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q7(b) 15 Marks Easy Numerical
Q7(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q8(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numeical
Q8(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
11Qs
6E, 5M
5N
160
3Qs
2E, 1M
-
40 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2022 Commerce Paper 2

To give you comprehensive as well as concise knowledge about the UPSC Mains 2022 Commerce Paper 2, I have prepared a table. Refer to the table to get a general understanding of the exam and for detail head over to the link provided.

PDF link to 2022 Commerce Paper 2

2022 Commerce Paper 2
Section A Section B
Organizational Behaviour (OB) Organizational Theory (OT) Human Resource Management (HRM) Industrial Relation (IR)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q6(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q2(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q3(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q7(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q7(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q7(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q8(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q8(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q8(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
60 marks
9Qs
8E, 1M
-
140 marks
7Qs
7E
-
100 marks
7Qs
7E
-
100 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2021 Commerce Paper 1

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2021 Commerce Paper 1. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2021 Commerce Paper 1

2021 Commerce Paper 1 - Section A
Financial Accounting Cost Accounting Taxation Auditing
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Numerical Q2(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q2(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q3(c)15 Marks Easy Numerical Q3(a) 20 Marks Difficult Numerical
Q3(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(a) 20 Marks Easy Numerical
Q4(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
4E, 1M
2N
70 marks
4Qs
3E, 1M
2N
60 marks
3Qs
2E, 1D
1N
45 marks
2Qs
Both E
-
25 marks
2021 Commerce Paper 1 - Section B
Financial Management Financial Market & Institutions
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q5(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q6(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q6(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q7(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q8(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q7(b) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q8(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q8(b) 16 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
9Qs
4E, 5M
4N
136
5Qs
2E, 3M
-
65 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2021 Commerce Paper 2

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2021 Commerce Paper 2. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2021 Commerce Paper 2

2021 Commerce Paper 2
Section A Section B
Organizational Theory (OT) Organizational Behaviour (OB) Human Resource Management (HRM) Industrial Relation (IR)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q8(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q3(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q8(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q4(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q4(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q6(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q4(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q6(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q7(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q7(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
7Qs
7E
-
100 marks
7Qs
7E
-
100 marks
10Qs
9E, 1M
1N
140 marks
4Qs
4E
-
60 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2020 Commerce Paper 1

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2020 Commerce Paper 1. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2020 Commerce Paper 1

2020 Commerce Paper 1 - Section A
Financial Accounting Cost Accounting Taxation Auditing
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Easy Numerical Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q2(b)15 Marks Easy Numerical Q3(a) 20 Marks Difficult Numerical
Q3(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
3Qs
2E, 1M
2N
50 marks
6Qs
ALL E
1N
80 marks
3Qs
2E, 1D
1N
45 marks
2Qs
Both E
-
25 marks
2020 Commerce Paper 1 - Section B
Financial Management Financial Market & Institutions
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q5(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q7(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q8(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q7(b) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q8(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q8(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory + Numercial
Aggregate
10Qs
5E, 5M
5N
150 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
50 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2020 Commerce Paper 2

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2020 Commerce Paper 2. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2020 Commerce Paper 2

2020 Commerce Paper 2
Section A Section B
Organizational Theory (OT) Organizational Behaviour (OB) Human Resource Management (HRM) Industrial Relation (IR)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(c) 10 Marks Difficult Theory
Q2(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q2(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q2(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q3(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q6(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q7(b) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q8(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q8(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q8(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Aggregate
6Qs
6E
-
90 marks
8Qs
7E, 1M
-
100 marks
12Qs
7E, 5M
-
170 marks
2Qs
1E, 1D
-
30 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2019 Commerce Paper 1

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2019 Commerce Paper 1. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2019 Commerce Paper 1

2019 Commerce Paper 1 - Section A
Financial Accounting Cost Accounting Taxation Auditing
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(b) 15 Marks Easy Numerical Q2(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q3(b)15 Marks Easy TheoryQ3(a) 20 Marks Difficult Numerical
Q4(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q3(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
4Qs
3E, 1M
1N
60 marks
5Qs
ALL E
1N
70 marks
3Qs
2E, 1D
1N
45 marks
2Qs
Both E
-
25 marks
2019 Commerce Paper 1 - Section B
Financial Management Financial Market & Institutions
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q5(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q8(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q8(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q7(b) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q7(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q8(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Aggregate
10Qs
5E, 5M
3N
150 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
50 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2019 Commerce Paper 2

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2019 Commerce Paper 2. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2019 Commerce Paper 2

2019 Commerce Paper 2
Section A Section B
Organizational Theory (OT) Organizational Behaviour (OB) Human Resource Management (HRM) Industrial Relation (IR)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(c) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q1(e) 10 Marks Difficult Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q7(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q6(a) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q8(b) 10 Marks Difficult Theory
Q2(b) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q7(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q8(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q7(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q8(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
11Qs
8E, 2M, 1D
-
150 marks
3Qs
3E
-
50 marks
8Qs
6E, 2M
-
110 marks
6Qs
3E, 2M, 1D
-
80 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2018 Commerce Paper 1

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2018 Commerce Paper 1. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2018 Commerce Paper 1

2018 Commerce Paper 1 - Section A
Financial Accounting Cost Accounting Taxation Auditing
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Easy Numerical Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q3(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q2(b) 15 Marks Easy NumericalQ3(a) 20 Marks Difficult Numerical Q4(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(a) 20 Marks Easy Numerical Q4(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
4Qs
3E, 1M
2N
65 marks
4Qs
4E
1N
50 marks
3Qs
2E, 1D
1N
45 marks
3Qs
3E
-
30 marks
2018 Commerce Paper 1 - Section B
Financial Management Financial Market & Institutions
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q5(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q8(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q6(b) 15 Marks Easy Numerical
Q6(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q7(b) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q7(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q8(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q8(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory + Numerical
Aggregate
11Qs
5E, 6M
5N
165 marks
3Qs
2E, 2M
-
35 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2018 Commerce Paper 2

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2018 Commerce Paper 2. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2018 Commerce Paper 2

2018 Commerce Paper 2
Section A Section B
Organizational Theory (OT) Organizational Behaviour (OB) Human Resource Management (HRM) Industrial Relation (IR)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q3(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Difficult Theory
Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q3(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Difficult Theory Q7(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q4(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q8(b) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q1(d) 10 Marks Difficult Theory Q4(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Difficult Theory
Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(a) 20 Marks Difficult Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q6(b) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q2(b) 20 Marks Difficult Theory Q6(c) 10 Marks Difficult Theory
Q2(c) 10 Marks Difficult Theory Q7(a) 20 Marks Difficult Theory
Q3(a) 20 Marks Difficult Theory Q7(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q8(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q8(c) 10 Marks Difficult Theory
Aggregate
10Qs
5E, 1M, 4D
-
130 marks
4Qs
4E
-
70 marks
11Qs
1E, 4M, 6D
-
150 marks
3Qs
1E, 1M, 1D
-
50 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

Commerce Paper Overall Analysis (2018-2022)

In this section, I have compiled the aggregates of all the tables given above and drawn a topic-wise conclusion according to the same. So, go through this section every carefully.

In the first part of this section are the topic-wise conclusions from the aggregates of all the paper 1 tables given above.

In the second part are the topic-wise conclusions from the aggregates of all the paper 2 tables given above.

Commerce Paper 1 Overall Analysis (2018-2022)

Year/Subject Financial Accounting Cost Accounting Taxation Auditing Financial Management Financial Market & Institutions
2022 4Qs
2E, 2M
1N
60 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
2N
70 marks
3Qs
2E, 1M
1N
45 marks
2Qs
2E
-
25 marks
11Qs
6E, 5M
5N
160
3Qs
2E, 1M
-
40 marks
2021 5Qs
4E, 1M
2N
70m
4Qs
3E, 1M
2N
60m
3Qs
2E, 1D
1N
45m
2Qs
2E
-
25m
9Qs
4E, 5M
4N
136m
5Qs
2E, 3M
-
65m
2020 3Qs
2E, 1M
2N
50m
6Qs
ALL E
1N
80m
3Qs
2E, 1D
1N
45m
2Qs
Both E
-
25m
10Qs
5E, 5M
5N
150m
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
50m
2019 4Qs
3E, 1M
1N
60m
5Qs
ALL E
1N
70m
3Qs
2E, 1D
1N
45m
2Qs
Both 2E
-
25m
10Qs
5E, 5M
3N
150m
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
50m
2018 (Exceptionally difficult) 4Qs
3E, 1M
2N
65m
4Qs
All E
1N
50m
3Qs
2E, 1D
1N
45m
3Qs
All E
-
30m
11Qs
5E, 6M
5N
165m
3Qs
2E, 2M
-
35m

As you can see in the table above, I have listed the aggregates of all the Commerce paper 1 exam analysis tables, from the year 2018 to 2022.

According to the table, it is very clear that the 2018 paper was extremely hard as compared to those of the other years.

Now let me quickly jot down the overall learnings (Topic wise) from the Commerce optional exam analysis that we have done of the Paper 1s of the years 2018-2022:

  • Tax – The questions asked from the topic of Tax are generally easy. To score sufficiently in this topic, A thorough coverage of the syllabus should be enough.
  • Audit – The weightage of the topic of Audit is not much in the exams, but most questions asked from this topic are compulsory. Hence, it cannot be ignored
  • Accounts – The Numerical questions asked from the topic of Accounts would demand significant practice. Be thoroughly prepared in accounts.
  • Costing – The questions from this topic are generally of the easy level. Covering the entire costing syllabus should ensure high scores for you.
  • FM & IFS – This topic holds the highest weightage in Paper 1. So be as thorough as possible. Also, it should be noted that nowadays, even questions from current affairs are being asked in this topic.

This brings us to the end of the Commerce optional exam analysis of Paper 1. Now let’s look at the exam analysis of Paper 2 of the past years.

Commerce Paper 2 Overall Analysis (2018-2022)

Year/Subject OT OB HRM IR
2022 5Qs
4E, 1M
-
60 marks
9Qs
8E, 1M
-
140 marks
7Qs
7E
-
100 marks
7Qs
7E
-
100 marks
2021 7Qs
7E
-
100m
7Qs
7E
-
100m
10Qs
9E, 1M
1N
140m
4Qs
4E
-
60 marks
2020 6Qs
6E
-
90m
8Qs
7E, 1M
-
100m
12Qs
7E, 5M
-
170m
2Qs
1E, 1D
-
30m
2019 11Qs
8E, 2M, 1D
-
150m
3Qs
3E
-
50m
8Qs
6E, 2M
-
110m
6Qs
3E, 2M, 1D
-
80m
2018 (Exceptionally difficult) 10Qs
5E, 1M, 4D
-
130m
4Qs
4E
-
70m
11Qs
1E, 4M, 6D
-
150m
3Qs
1E, 1M, 1D
-
50m

As can be seen in the table above, I have listed the aggregates of all the Commerce paper 2 exam analysis tables, from the year 2018 to 2022.

Like paper 1 Overall analysis table, this table too shows that the 2018 paper was extremely hard as compared to those of the other years.

Now let me quickly jot down the overall learnings (Topic wise) from the Commerce optional exam analysis that we have done of the Paper 2s of the years 2018-2022:

  • OB – In this topic, a good coverage of the syllabus would be enough for you to score well.
  • OT – This topic holds the higher weightage in the Section A of Paper 2. There are some indirect questions asked from this topic as well, but proper answer writing practice before the exam should do the trick.
  • HRM – This topic is very easy to cover and holds a high weightage in Section B of Paper 2. Use standard notes and text to cover the entire syllabus to cover the topic of HRM, and you’d be able to score well.
  • IR – This topic normally holds the least importance in Paper 2. However, the problem with IR is that most questions from the topic are of the compulsory kind, making it very difficult to pass them. So, make sure to cover the IR syllabus to score well here.

This brings us to the end of the Commerce optional exam analysis of Paper 2, and the Commerce Optional exam analysis as a whole. Now it’s time to start with the topic of the UPSC Management optional exam analysis.

If you are a genuine UPSC CSE aspirant and Commerce is indeed your optional subject then you should take a look into this complete UPSC Commerce Optional Course that I have made for you.

UPSC Management Optional Exam Analysis

Much like the UPSC Commerce optional past years paper analysis that I have given above, in the case of the UPSC Management optional past years paper analysis, I have done the same.

This means that in the UPSC Management optional past years paper analysis that I have given below, you shall find the exam analysis of the Management papers of the past 5 years, i.e., from that of 2018 to that of 2022.

Now, let us understand the pattern of the Management optional papers for a bit.

Like the Commerce papers, both the Management optional papers have 2 sections, namely Section A and Section B.

In paper 1, Section A of Management, the questions that are asked are usually based on the topics I have mentioned below:

  • Management
  • Organizational Behaviour (OB)
  • Human Resource Management (HRM)

In paper 1, Section B of Management, the questions that are asked are usually based on the topics of:

  • Accounting
  • Financial Management (FM)
  • Marketing
  • Costing

Paper 2 of Management, Section A consists of questions from the topics of:

  • Statistics
  • Product Operations Management (POM)
  • Management Information System (MIS)

Paper 2 of Management, Section B consists of questions from the topics of:

  • Government Business Interface (GBI)
  • Strategic Cost Management (SCM)
  • International Business (IB)

Having said that, I’d like to point out that the Subject pattern I have written above is something that can randomly change.

The reason I say this is because while the pattern I have mentioned above had been followed in the 2019, 2020, 2021 and 2022 UPSC Management optional papers, but the 2018 paper was something else entirely. You will be able to see it in the year-wise paper analysis tables I have given down.

So, I’d say that, while preparing for the Management optional papers, it would be better if you did not prepare section-wise, and did it by picking up every individual subject at a time, instead.

As far as marks go, the Management optional papers, like all optional papers have a maximum mark of 250, i.e., 250 for paper 1, and 250 for paper 2.

However, these papers have a lot of optional questions, meaning that you can often choose to answer any one of two questions given in the paper.

Therefore, if we were to add up the marks of the optional questions as well, the total marks of the papers would be 400. In other words, 400 for paper 1, and 400 for paper 2.

Furthermore, questions would be of either 10, 15, or 20 marks, in the papers, out of which the 10 marks questions are usually the compulsory ones. So, while analysing and studying the past years’ papers, make sure that you do not miss out on these.

Talking about not missing out on questions, here’s a piece of important advice. Even though, in the exams, you’d have to attempt only 250 out of the total 400 marks worth of questions in each paper, its usually highly recommended that you analyse and study each of the questions of the past years, irrespective of whether it is an optional question or not. That way your preparation would be more holistic, and you won’t miss out on any topic.

Lastly, before I begin with the UPSC Management optional exam analysis, here’s something to take note of.

I have given the PDF links to the papers of the particular year before the exam analyses of the same. Meaning that before listing the analysis of paper 1 of the 2022 Management exam, I have shared the PDF link of the same, and for paper 2, I have shared the PDF link of paper 2.

Moreover, in the year-wise exam analysis tables that I have given below, you’ll find that I have listed down every single question in a topic-wise manner, along with its level of difficulty, and the marks it contained. I have also mentioned if the questions are Numerical based or not.

Therefore, for best results, I’d recommend that you refer to the PDFs mentioned above while going through the Exam analysis tables I have listed below.

Let’s begin:

2022 Management Paper 1

Give attention to the table attached below, as it has been made with the purpose of providing adequate knowledge about the 2022 Management Paper 1. Also, explore the following link to know the questions that were asked in the respective exam.

PDF link to 2022 Management Paper 1

2022 Management Paper 1 - Section A
Management Organizational Behaviour (OB) Human Resource Management (HRM)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(c) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q2(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q2(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q3(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q3(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q4(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
70 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
-
65 marks
4Qs
3E, 1M
-
65 marks
2022 Management Paper 1 - Section B
Accounting Financial Management (FM) Marketing
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q6(b) 15 Marks Easy Practical Q7(c) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q7(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q8(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q8(a) 20 Marks Easy Practical Q8(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
4E, 1M
1P
75 marks
5Qs
5E
1P
65 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
60 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* P – Practical

2022 Management Paper 2

Through the table given below, I’ve communicated the required information about 2022 Management Paper 2. Moreover, I have provided the link through which you can access the questions asked in the exam.

PDF link to 2022 Management Paper 2

2022 Management Paper 2 - Section A
Statistics Product Operations Management (POM) Management Information System (MIS)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Moderate Numerical Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(d) 10 Marks Moderate Numerical Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q4(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical Q2(c) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q4(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(b) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical Q3(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(c) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Aggregate
4Qs
4M
4N
50 marks
6Qs
4E, 2M
2N
90 marks
4Qs
4E
-
50 marks
2022 Management Paper 2 - Section B
Government Business Interface (GBI) Strategic Cost Management (SCM) International Business (IB)
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q7(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q7(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q8(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q7(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q8(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q8(c) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
70 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
-
80 marks
4Qs
4E
-
50 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2021 Management Paper 1

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2021 Management Paper 1. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2021 Management Paper 1

2021 Management Paper 1 - Section A
Management Organizational Behaviour (OB) Human Resource Management (HRM)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q3(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q2(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q4(b) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q3(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
75 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
60 marks
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
65 marks
2021 Management Paper 1 - Section B
Accounting Financial Management (FM) Marketing
Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q8(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q6(c) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(a) 20 Marks Easy Practical Q7(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q8(c)20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q8(a) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Aggregate
6Qs
5E, 1M
-
90 marks
3Qs
2E, 1M
-
40 marks
5Qs
2E, 3M
-
70 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* P – Practical

2021 Management Paper 2

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2021 Management Paper 2. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2021 Management Paper 2

2021 Management Paper 2 - Section A
Statistics Product Operations Management (POM) Management Information System (MIS)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Pratical Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 15 Marks Moderate Practical Q2(c) 15 Marks Easy Practical Q3(a) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q3(b) 20 Marks Moderate Practical Q3(c) 15 Marks Moderate Practical Q4(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(b) 15 Marks Moderate Practical Q4(a) 20 Marks Moderate Practical
Aggregate
5Qs
2E, 3M
4P
70 marks
5Qs
2M, 3E
3P
70 marks
4Qs
3E, 1M
-
60 marks
2021 Management Paper 2 - Section B
Government Business Interface (GBI) Strategic Cost Management (SCM) International Business (IB)
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q7(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q8(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q6(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q6(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q7(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q6(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q8(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q8(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Aggregate
3Qs
1E, 2M
-
40 marks
5Qs
5E
-
70 marks
6Qs
5E, 1M
-
90 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2020 Management Paper 1

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2020 Management Paper 1. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2020 Management Paper 1

2020 Management Paper 1 - Section A
Management Organizational Behaviour (OB) Human Resource Management (HRM)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q2(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q1(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q3(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q2(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q3(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q3(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q4(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
65 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
60 marks
5Qs
2E, 3M
-
75 marks
2020 Management Paper 1 - Section B
Accounting Financial Management (FM) Marketing Costing
Q6(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q6(b) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q6(c) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q7(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q8(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q8(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q8(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Aggregate
1Q
All E
-
10 marks
6Qs
2E, 4M
1N
90 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
-
70 marks
2Qs
1E, 1M
1N
30 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2020 Management Paper 2

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2020 Management Paper 2. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2020 Management Paper 2

2020 Management Paper 2 - Section A
Statistics Product Operations Management (POM) Management Information System (MIS)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Moderate Numerical Q1(e) 10 Marks Moderate Numerical Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(b) 10 Marks Moderate Numerical Q2(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q1(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q2(c) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical Q3(b) 15 Marks Difficult Numerical Q2(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q3(a) 20 Marks Difficult Numerical Q3(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(b) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical Q4(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(c) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical
Aggregate
6Qs
5M, 1D
6N
85 marks
3Qs
2M, 1D
3N
45 marks
5Qs
1E, 4M
-
70 marks
2020 Management Paper 2 - Section B
Government Business Interface (GBI) Strategic Cost Management (SCM) International Business (IB)
Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q6(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q6(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q7(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q8(b) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q8(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q8(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
2E, 3M
-
75 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
-
70 marks
4Qs
1E,3M
-
55 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2019 Management Paper 1

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2019 Management Paper 1. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2019 Management Paper 1

2019 Management Paper 1 - Section A
Management Organizational Behaviour (OB) Human Resource Management (HRM)
Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q2(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q2(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(a) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q3(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q3(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q2(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q3(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q4(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
6Qs
4E, 2M
-
75 marks
5Qs
All E
-
55 marks
6Qs
3E, 3M
-
60 marks
2019 Management Paper 1 - Section B
Accounting Financial Management (FM) Marketing Costing
Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(a) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q7(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q6(c) 20 Marks Difficult Numerical Q5(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q8(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q7(b) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q6(a) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q7(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q8(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q7(a) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q8(c) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical Q8(d) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Aggregate
3Qs
2E, 1M
-
30 marks
5Qs
1E, 3M, 1D
2N
70 marks
5Qs
1E, 4M
-
65 marks
3Qs
2E, 1M
-
35 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2019 Management Paper 2

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2019 Management Paper 2. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2019 Management Paper 2

2019 Management Paper 2 - Section A
Statistics Product Operations Management (POM) Management Information System (MIS)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Moderate Numerical Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(e) 10 Marks Moderate Numerical Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q4(a) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q2(b) 20 Marks Difficult Numerical Q2(a) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q4(c) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q2(c) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical Q3(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q3(b) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical Q3(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(b) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical
Aggregate
5Qs
4M, 1D
5N
70 marks
6Qs
3E, 3M
1N
85 marks
3Qs
1E, 2M
-
45 marks
2019 Management Paper 2 - Section B
Government Business Interface (GBI) Strategic Cost Management (SCM) International Business (IB)
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q5(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q6(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q6(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q7(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q7(b) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q6(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q8(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q8(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(a) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q8(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
6Qs
2E, 4M
-
85 marks
4Qs
1E, 3M
-
60 marks
4Qs
1E, 3M
-
55 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2018 Management Paper 1

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2018 Management Paper 1. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2018 Management Paper 1

2018 Management Paper 1 - Section A
Management Organizational Behaviour (OB) Human Resource Management (HRM) Marketing Costing
Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q3(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(a) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q3(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q2(a) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q4(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q3(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
50 marks
2Qs
1E, 1M
-
30 marks
2Qs
1E, 1M
-
25 marks
6Qs
4E, 2M
-
65 marks
2Qs
2E
-
20 marks
2018 Management Paper 1 - Section B
Accounting Financial Management (FM) Marketing Costing Management Human Resource Management (HRM) Organizational Behaviour (OB)
Q5(d) 10 Marks Moderate Numerical Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q8(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q6(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q6(a) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q8(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q7(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q7(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q5(c) 10 Marks Moderate Numerical Q7(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q8(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q8(c) 10 Marks Moderate Numerical
Aggregate
2Qs
2M
1N
25 marks
5Qs
1E, 4M
2N
55 marks
1Q
1E
-
15 marks
2Qs
1E, 1M
-
20 marks
3Qs
3E
-
30 marks
3Qs
2E, 1M
-
40 marks
1Q
1M
-
15 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2018 Management Paper 2

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2018 Management Paper 2. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2018 Management Paper 2

2018 Management Paper 2 - Section A
Statistics Product Operations Management (POM) Management Information System (MIS) Marketing Strategic Cost Management (SCM) Government Business Interface (GBI) Costing
Q1(a) 10 Marks Moderate Numerical Q2(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q4(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(c)[iⅈ] 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(e) 10 Marks Moderate Numerical Q4(c) [iii] 10 Marks Moderate Numerical Q3(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q3(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Numerical
Q2(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q3(c) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q4(a) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical
Aggregate
5Qs
5M
5N
70 marks
2Qs
2M
1N
25 marks
1Q
1E
-
15 marks
1Q
1E
-
10 marks
2Qs
1E, 1M
-
30 marks
2Qs
1E, 1M
-
30 marks
2Qs
2E
1N
20 marks
2018 Management Paper 2 - Section B
Government Business Interface (GBI) Strategic Cost Management (SCM) International Business (IB)
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q6(a) 20 Marks Difficult Theory Q6(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q7(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
2Qs
2E
-
25 marks
5Qs
3E, 1M, 1D
-
70 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
55 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

Management Paper Overall Analysis (2018-2022)

In this section, I have compiled the aggregates of all the tables given above, and drawn a topic-wise conclusion according to the same. So, go through this section every carefully.

In the first part of this section are the topic-wise conclusions from the aggregates of all the paper 1 tables given above.

In the second part are the topic-wise conclusions from the aggregates of all the paper 2 tables given above.

Management Paper 1 Overall Analysis (2018-2022)

Year/Subject Management Organizational Behaviour (OB) Human Resource Management (HRM) Marketing Costing Accounting Financial Management (FM)
2022 5Qs
4E, 1M
-
70 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
-
65 marks
4Qs
3E, 1M
-
65 marks
5Qs
4E, 1M
1P
75 marks
5Qs
5E
1P
65 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
60 marks
2021 5Qs
4E, 1M
-
75 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
60 marks
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
65 marks
5Qs
2E, 3M
-
70 marks
6Qs
5E, 1M
-
90 marks
3Qs
2E, 1M
-
40 marks
2020 5Qs
4E, 1M
-
65 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
60 marks
5Qs
2E, 3M
-
75 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
-
70 marks
2Qs
1E, 1M
1N
30 marks
1Q
All E
-
10 marks
6Qs
2E, 4M
1N
90 marks
2019 6Qs
4E, 2M
-
75 marks
5Qs
All E
-
55 marks
6Qs
3E, 3M
-
60 marks
5Qs
1E, 4M
-
65 marks
3Qs
2E, 1M
-
35 marks
3Qs
2E, 1M
-
30 marks
5Qs
1E, 3M, 1D
2N
70 marks
2018 7Qs
5E, 2M
-
80 marks
3Qs
1E, 2M
-
45 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
-
65 marks
7Qs
5E, 2M
-
80 marks
4Qs
3E,1M
-
40 marks
2Qs
2M
1N
25 marks
5Qs
1E, 4M
2N
55 marks

As you can see in the table above, I have listed the aggregates of all the Management paper 1 exam analysis tables, from the year 2018 to 2022.

According to the table, it is very clear that the 2018 paper was pretty hard as compared to those of the other years.

Now let me quickly jot down the overall learnings (Topic wise) from the Management optional exam analysis that we have done of the Paper 1s of the years 2018-2022:

  • Management – This subject is of consistently high weightage. It is Easy to cover and score.
  • Organizational Behaviour (OB) – This subject is of consistently high weightage. It is easy to cover and score.
  • Human Resource Management (HRM) – This subject is of consistently high weightage. It is easy to cover and score.
  • Marketing – This subject is of consistently high weightage. It is easy to cover and score.
  • Costing – This subject is of consistently low weightage. However, it is easy to cover and score.
  • Accounting – This subject is of consistently low weightage. However, it is easy to cover and score.
  • Financial Management (FM) – This subject is of consistently high weightage. It is Easy to cover and score.

This brings us to the end of the Management optional exam analysis of Paper 1. Now let’s look at the exam analysis of Paper 2 of the past years.

Management Paper 2 Overall Analysis (2018-2022)

Year/Subject Statistics Product Operations Management (POM) Management Information System (MIS) Government Business Interface (GBI) Strategic Cost Management (SCM) International Business (IB) Marketing Costing
2022 4Qs
4M
4N
50 marks
6Qs
4E, 2M
2N
90 marks
4Qs
4E
-
50 marks
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
70 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
-
80 marks
4Qs
4E
-
50 marks
2021 5Qs
2E, 3M
-
70 marks
5Qs
2M, 3E
-
70 marks
4Qs
3E, 1M
-
60 marks
3Qs
1E, 2M
-
40 marks
5Qs
5E
-
70 marks
6Qs
5E, 1M
-
90 marks
2020 6Qs
5M, 1D
6N
85 marks
3Qs
2M, 1D
3N
45 marks
5Qs
1E, 4M
-
70 marks
5Qs
2E, 3M
-
75 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
-
70 marks
4Qs
1E, 3M
-
55 marks
2019 5Qs
4M, 1D
5N
70 marks
6Qs
3E, 3M
1N
85 marks
3Qs
1E, 2M
-
45 marks
6Qs
2E, 4M
-
85 marks
4Qs
1E, 3M
-
60 marks
4Qs
1E, 3M
-
55 marks
2018 5Qs
5M
5N
70 marks
2Qs
2M
1N
25 marks
1Q
1E
-
15 marks
4Qs
3E, 1M
-
55 marks
7Qs
4E, 2M, 1D
-
100 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
55 marks
1Q
1E
-
10 marks
2Qs
2E
1N
20 marks

As can be seen in the table above, I have listed the aggregates of all the Management paper 2 exam analysis tables, from the year 2018 to 2022.

Like paper 1 Overall analysis table, this table too shows that the 2018 paper was pretty hard as compared to those of the other years.

Now let me quickly jot down the overall learnings (Topic wise) from the Management optional exam analysis that we have done of the Paper 2s of the years 2018-2022:

  • Statistics – This subject carries consistently high weightage & requires a lot of practice to score well in.
  • Product Operations Management (POM) – This subject carries consistently high weightage & requires a lot of practice to score well in.
  • Management Information System (MIS) – This subject carries consistently high weightage & requires a lot of memorizations to score well in.
  • Government Business Interface (GBI) – This subject carries consistently high weightage & requires a lot of memorizations to score well in. It is connected with GS.
  • Strategic Cost Management (SCM) – This subject carries consistently high weightage & is easy to understand and score in.
  • International Business (IB)– This subject carries consistently high weightage & is easy to understand and score in.
  • Marketing – This subject is of consistently high weightage. It is easy to cover and score. (Usually asked in Paper 1 though)
  • Costing – This subject is of consistently low weightage. However, it is easy to cover and score. (Usually asked in Paper 1 though)

This brings us to the end of the Management optional exam analysis of Paper 2, and also the article as a whole.

If you are thinking of opting Management as your optional subject, then enroll in the comprehensive UPSC Management Optional Course that I have designed for you.

Conclusion

That brings us to the end of this massive article. In it I have talked in detail about the UPSC Optional papers of Commerce and Management, and I have also given the analysis of each and every past year paper of the same, along with its PDFs.

Please go through this article thoroughly & make use of it to better your understanding of the UPSC Commerce and Management optional papers. That said, it’s time for me to take leave. Until next time.

Have a great day!

CEO of Anujjindal.in

About Anuj Jindal

━━━━━

Anuj Jindal, the founder, is an ex-manager from SBI, with an M.Com from Delhi School of Economics. He also has a JRF in Commerce & Management and NET in HRM, along with more than 5 years of experience in the field of Education.

FAQs: UPSC Exam Analysis of Commerce & Management (Optionals)

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    Does the UPSC Exam has negative marking? 

    UPSC exam follows a competitive structure and hence there are some elements of elimination, infused at every stage. One such element is of “Negative Marking”, which is included in the preliminary stage. At the preliminary stage, in both Paper 1 & 2 the candidate faces a penalty of 0.33 marks at every wrong answer.   

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    Is UPSC Management Optional paper difficult? 

    Choosing the appropriate optional paper is one of the vital steps of selection, and in the category, Management is a popular choice. The subject checks the management aptitude of the individual at every turn, however, whether it can be perceived as difficult or not, depends on the degree of preparation of the candidate.  

    Nevertheless, over the years, the general mandate has termed the exam as Easy to Moderate. 

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    What type of questions come in UPSC exam? 

    The paper 1 of UPSC preliminary stage, comprises of 200 Multiple Choice-Type Questions (MCQs) and the Paper 2 of prelims, which is known as CSAT, carries 80 MCQs. Following the prelims, the mains stage is all about answer writing, and hence in the mains, descriptive questions appear. 

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