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UPSC Exam Analysis of Commerce & Management (Optionals)

Topics Covered: About UPSC IAS Commerce & Management Optional Subjects, Commerce Exam Analysis 2023, Commerce Past Year Paper Analysis 2020-2023 with Overall Analysis & Management Exam Analysis 2023, Management Past Year Paper Analysis 2020-2023 with Overall Analysis

The UPSC CSE is one of the most challenging examinations that are held in the country. It is considered so because of the unpredictability of the exam and the vastness of its syllabus.  

Yet lakhs of aspirants prepare every year to achieve their dream of becoming an administrative officer.  

While all the stages of this exam are known as equally difficult, however the factor which is seen as a game – changer are marks scored in the Mains examination.  

Therefore, a thorough analysis of the UPSC exam question papers is an absolute must to understand the pattern, the type of questions and is greatly beneficial in overall preparation.  

If you are an aspirant aiming to clear UPSC CSE 2024 with an optional in subjects like Commerce and Management, then this is just the right place for you! 

In the subsequent sections, I have provided a precise yet comprehensive UPSC optional exam analysis of Commerce Papers and UPSC Management optional Papers. Along with this, I have also attached PDFs of the previous year question papers.  

So, without any further ado, let’s us begin! 

Table of Content – UPSC Exam Analysis of Commerce & Management

About UPSC Commerce & Management Optionals

The Commerce and Management optional papers of the UPSC CSE Mains 2023 took place on 24th September 2023. The syllabus for both the subjects consists of Paper 1 and Paper 2.  

While Paper 1 was conducted in the morning shift of 9 A.M – 12 Noon, the Paper 2 commenced during afternoon time period of 2 P.M. – 5 P.M. 

Like all other optional subjects, the maximum marks allotted in both subjects is 500 marks which is further divided into 250 marks for paper 1, and 250 for paper 2. 

Furthermore, questions would be of either 10, 15, or 20 marks, and very rarely of 25 marks, in the papers, out of which the 10 marks questions are usually the compulsory ones.  

You can check the detailed syllabus for optional subjects of commerce and management by clicking on UPSC Commerce syllabus and UPSC Management syllabus respectively. 

So, without further ado, let us start with the Commerce Optional exam analysis. 

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UPSC Commerce Optional Exam Analysis

In the UPSC Commerce optional past years paper analysis that I have given below, you shall find the exam analysis of the commerce papers of the past 4 years, i.e., from that of 2020 to that of 2023 

Let us understand the pattern of the Commerce optional papers for a bit. 

Both the commerce optional papers have 2 sections, namely Section A and Section B. 

  • In Paper 1 of Commerce, the questions are asked on the topics of Tax, Audit, Accounts, Costing, and FM & IFS (Financial Management & Indian Financial System).  
  • In Paper 2 of Commerce, the Section A consists of questions from the topics of Organizational Behaviour (OB), and Organizational Theory (OT), whereas Section B contains questions from the topics of Human Resource Management (HRM), and Industrial Relations (IR). 

Before you proceed with paper analysis, you can check the UPSC Commerce booklist which I have provided that help you prepare for the optional subject effectively. 

Talking about the difficulty level of both Paper 1 and Paper 2 of UPSC Commerce 2023, the overall exam was easy to moderate.  

In Commerce Paper 1, out of total 250 marks in both Section A and Section B, the theoretical part accounted for about 55% of the weightage and the practical section consisted of 45% of the paper.   

Therefore, the candidates are advised to prepare equally for theory as well as the practical part with emphasis on answer- writing.  

In Paper 2 of Commerce Subject, the nature of questions asked was simple, direct and straightforward, as similar questions were repeated in this year’s paper.  

Overall, if you’d covered the syllabus comprehensively, given relevant examples in answers and practiced previous year question papers, then scoring high marks in Commerce Optional Paper 1 and Paper 2 would be an easy task.  

2023 Commerce Paper 1

To give you a general idea of type of questions that were asked UPSC Commerce optional 2023 exam, I provided a table below.  

You can also go through the complete question paper by clicking on the link attached.  

PDF link to 2023 Commerce Paper 1  

2023 Commerce Paper 1 - Section A
Financial Accounting Cost Accounting Taxation Auditing
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(b) 15 Marks Easy Numerical Q2(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q3(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Easy Numerical Q3(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q3 (b) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q4(a) 20 Marks Numerical Easy Q4 (b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q4(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Aggregate
4Qs
4E
2N
60 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
2N
60 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
1N
55 marks
2Qs
2E
-
25 marks
2023 Commerce Paper 1 - Section B
Financial Management Financial Market & Institutions
Q5(a) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q5(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(c) 15 Marks Theory Easy
Q6(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q7(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(b) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical Q8(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(a) 20 Marks Easy Numerical
Q7(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q8(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q8(b) 15 Marks Easy Numerical
Aggregate
9Qs
5E, 4M
5N
135 Marks
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
65 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2023 Commerce Paper 2

In the table given below, I have provided a broad picture for you to know in detail about the questions asked from the topics in section – wise manner.  

For a detailed list of questions, you can click on the link I have attached below for UPSC Commerce Paper 2.  

PDF link to 2023 Commerce Paper 2

2023 Commerce Paper 2
Section A Section B
Organizational Behaviour (OB) Organizational Theory (OT) Human Resource Management (HRM) Industrial Relation (IR)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(b) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q2(b) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q2(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q6(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(b) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q3(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q7(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q3(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q8(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q7(b) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q3(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q8(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q8(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
60 marks
9Qs
8E, 1M
-
140 marks
7Qs
7E
-
100 marks
7Qs
7E
-
100 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2022 Commerce Paper 1

The below table gives a brief about the questions that featured in UPSC Mains 2022 Commerce Paper 1. I have also attached a link that will exhibit the entire question paper of the exam. Refer to it while studying the table.

PDF link to 2022 Commerce Paper 1

2022 Commerce Paper 1 - Section A
Financial Accounting Cost Accounting Taxation Auditing
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q2(b)15 Marks Moderate Numerical Q3(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q4(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q3(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Aggregate
4Qs
2E, 2M
1N
60 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
2N
70 marks
3Qs
2E, 1M
1N
45 marks
2Qs
2E
-
25 marks
2022 Commerce Paper 1 - Section B
Financial Management Financial Market & Institutions
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q5(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q8(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q5(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q6(b) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q7(b) 15 Marks Easy Numerical
Q7(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q8(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numeical
Q8(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
11Qs
6E, 5M
5N
160
3Qs
2E, 1M
-
40 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2022 Commerce Paper 2

To give you comprehensive as well as concise knowledge about the UPSC Mains 2022 Commerce Paper 2, I have prepared a table. Refer to the table to get a general understanding of the exam and for detail head over to the link provided.

PDF link to 2022 Commerce Paper 2

2022 Commerce Paper 2
Section A Section B
Organizational Behaviour (OB) Organizational Theory (OT) Human Resource Management (HRM) Industrial Relation (IR)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q6(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q2(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q3(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q7(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q7(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q7(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q8(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q8(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q8(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
60 marks
9Qs
8E, 1M
-
140 marks
7Qs
7E
-
100 marks
7Qs
7E
-
100 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2021 Commerce Paper 1

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2021 Commerce Paper 1. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2021 Commerce Paper 1

2021 Commerce Paper 1 - Section A
Financial Accounting Cost Accounting Taxation Auditing
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Numerical Q2(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q2(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q3(c)15 Marks Easy Numerical Q3(a) 20 Marks Difficult Numerical
Q3(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(a) 20 Marks Easy Numerical
Q4(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
4E, 1M
2N
70 marks
4Qs
3E, 1M
2N
60 marks
3Qs
2E, 1D
1N
45 marks
2Qs
Both E
-
25 marks
2021 Commerce Paper 1 - Section B
Financial Management Financial Market & Institutions
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q5(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q6(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q6(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q7(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q8(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q7(b) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q8(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q8(b) 16 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
9Qs
4E, 5M
4N
136
5Qs
2E, 3M
-
65 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2021 Commerce Paper 2

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2021 Commerce Paper 2. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2021 Commerce Paper 2

2021 Commerce Paper 2
Section A Section B
Organizational Theory (OT) Organizational Behaviour (OB) Human Resource Management (HRM) Industrial Relation (IR)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q8(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q3(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q8(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q4(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q4(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q6(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q4(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q6(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q7(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q7(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
7Qs
7E
-
100 marks
7Qs
7E
-
100 marks
10Qs
9E, 1M
1N
140 marks
4Qs
4E
-
60 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2020 Commerce Paper 1

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2020 Commerce Paper 1. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2020 Commerce Paper 1

2020 Commerce Paper 1 - Section A
Financial Accounting Cost Accounting Taxation Auditing
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Easy Numerical Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q2(b)15 Marks Easy Numerical Q3(a) 20 Marks Difficult Numerical
Q3(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
3Qs
2E, 1M
2N
50 marks
6Qs
ALL E
1N
80 marks
3Qs
2E, 1D
1N
45 marks
2Qs
Both E
-
25 marks
2020 Commerce Paper 1 - Section B
Financial Management Financial Market & Institutions
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q5(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q7(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q8(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q7(b) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q8(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q8(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory + Numercial
Aggregate
10Qs
5E, 5M
5N
150 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
50 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2020 Commerce Paper 2

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2020 Commerce Paper 2. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2020 Commerce Paper 2

2020 Commerce Paper 2
Section A Section B
Organizational Theory (OT) Organizational Behaviour (OB) Human Resource Management (HRM) Industrial Relation (IR)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(c) 10 Marks Difficult Theory
Q2(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q2(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q2(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q3(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q6(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q7(b) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q8(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q8(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q8(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Aggregate
6Qs
6E
-
90 marks
8Qs
7E, 1M
-
100 marks
12Qs
7E, 5M
-
170 marks
2Qs
1E, 1D
-
30 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

Commerce Paper Overall Analysis (2020-2023)

In this section, I have compiled the aggregates of all the tables given above and drawn a topic-wise conclusion according to the same. So, go through this section every carefully.

In the first part of this section are the topic-wise conclusions from the aggregates of all the paper 1 tables given above.

In the second part are the topic-wise conclusions from the aggregates of all the paper 2 tables given above.

Commerce Paper 1 Overall Analysis (2020-2023)

Year/Subject Financial Accounting Cost Accounting Taxation Auditing Financial Management Financial Market & Institutions
2023 4Qs
4E, 2N
1N
60 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
2N
60 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
1N
55 marks
2Qs
2E
-
25 marks
9Qs
5E, 4M
5N
135 Marks
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
65 marks
2022 4Qs
2E, 2M
1N
60 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
2N
70 marks
3Qs
2E, 1M
1N
45 marks
2Qs
2E
-
25 marks
11Qs
6E, 5M
5N
160
3Qs
2E, 1M
-
40 marks
2021 5Qs
4E, 1M
2N
70m
4Qs
3E, 1M
2N
60m
3Qs
2E, 1D
1N
45m
2Qs
2E
-
25m
9Qs
4E, 5M
4N
136m
5Qs
2E, 3M
-
65m
2020 3Qs
2E, 1M
2N
50m
6Qs
ALL E
1N
80m
3Qs
2E, 1D
1N
45m
2Qs
Both E
-
25m
10Qs
5E, 5M
5N
150m
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
50m

As you can see in the table above, I have listed the aggregates of all the Commerce paper 1 exam analysis tables, from the year 2020 to 2023.

Now let me quickly jot down the overall learnings (Topic wise) from the Commerce optional exam analysis that we have done of the Paper 1s of the years 2020-2023:

  • Tax – The questions asked from the topic of Tax are generally easy. To score sufficiently in this topic, A thorough coverage of the syllabus should be enough.
  • Audit – The weightage of the topic of Audit is not much in the exams, but most questions asked from this topic are compulsory. Hence, it cannot be ignored
  • Accounts – The Numerical questions asked from the topic of Accounts would demand significant practice. Be thoroughly prepared in accounts.
  • Costing – The questions from this topic are generally of the easy level. Covering the entire costing syllabus should ensure high scores for you.
  • FM & IFS – This topic holds the highest weightage in Paper 1. So be as thorough as possible. Also, it should be noted that nowadays, even questions from current affairs are being asked in this topic.

You can check the UPSC commerce mock test I have provided to comprehensively prepare for this optional subject. 

This brings us to the end of the Commerce optional exam analysis of Paper 1. Now let’s look at the exam analysis of Paper 2 of the past years.

Commerce Paper 2 Overall Analysis (2020-2023)

Year/Subject OT OB HRM IR
2023 9Qs
8E, 1M
-
140 marks
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
60 marks
7Qs
7E
-
100 marks
7Qs
7E
-
100 marks
2022 5Qs
4E, 1M
-
60 marks
9Qs
8E, 1M
-
140 marks
7Qs
7E
-
100 marks
7Qs
7E
-
100 marks
2021 7Qs
7E
-
100m
7Qs
7E
-
100m
10Qs
9E, 1M
1N
140m
4Qs
4E
-
60 marks
2020 6Qs
6E
-
90m
8Qs
7E, 1M
-
100m
12Qs
7E, 5M
-
170m
2Qs
1E, 1D
-
30m

As can be seen in the table above, I have listed the aggregates of all the Commerce paper 2 exam analysis tables, from the year 2020 to 2023.

Now let me quickly jot down the overall learnings (Topic wise) from the Commerce optional exam analysis that we have done of the Paper 2s of the years 2020-2023:

  • OB – In this topic, a good coverage of the syllabus would be enough for you to score well.
  • OT – This topic holds the higher weightage in the Section A of Paper 2. There are some indirect questions asked from this topic as well, but proper answer writing practice before the exam should do the trick.
  • HRM – This topic is very easy to cover and holds a high weightage in Section B of Paper 2. Use standard notes and text to cover the entire syllabus to cover the topic of HRM, and you’d be able to score well.
  • IR – This topic normally holds the least importance in Paper 2. However, the problem with IR is that most questions from the topic are of the compulsory kind, making it very difficult to pass them. So, make sure to cover the IR syllabus to score well here.

If Commerce is your optional subject for UPSC CSE 2024, then you should take a look into this complete UPSC Commerce Optional Course that I have made for you. 

This brings us to the end of the exam analysis of Paper 2, and the Commerce Optional past year paper analysis. Now it’s time to start with the topic of the UPSC Management optional exam analysis. 

UPSC Management Optional Exam Analysis

For the UPSC Management optional past year paper analysis that I have given below, you shall find the exam analysis of the Management papers of the past 4 years, i.e., from that of 2020 to that of 2023. 

Both Management optional papers have 2 sections, namely Section A and Section B. 

In paper 1, Section A of Management, the questions that are asked are usually based on the topics I have mentioned below:

  • Management
  • Organizational Behaviour (OB)
  • Human Resource Management (HRM)

In paper 1, Section B of Management, the questions that are asked are usually based on the topics of:

  • Accounting
  • Financial Management (FM)
  • Marketing
  • Costing

Paper 2 of Management, Section A consists of questions from the topics of:

  • Statistics
  • Product Operations Management (POM)
  • Management Information System (MIS)

Paper 2 of Management, Section B consists of questions from the topics of:

  • Government Business Interface (GBI)
  • Strategic Cost Management (SCM)
  • International Business (IB)

Upon analyzing both papers, the difficulty level of UPSC Management optional exam 2023 ranges between moderate to difficult.  

 The Paper 1 of Management subject in its both sections A and B contained equal mix of theory and practical questions.  

As the questions asked in the paper were indirect and lengthy in nature, the time taken to solve questions was longer in duration.  

The Management Paper 2, likewise Paper 1, had questions from both theory and practical section of the syllabus. 

Before moving on, you can refer to list of UPSC Management books to effectively cover topics from the Management Syllabus.

Let’s begin:

2023 Management Paper 1

To prepare better for UPSC CSE 2024, you can take a look at the segregation of the questions subject wise provided in the tabular form below.  

For complete list of questions in the exam, I have attached the link for the UPSC Management Paper 1.  

PDF link to 2023 Management Paper 1  

2023 Management Paper 1 - Section A
Managerial Functions & Processes Organizational Behaviour (OB) Human Resource Management (HRM)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q1(b) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q2(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q3(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q2(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q3(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q3(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
70 marks
4Qs
3E, 1M
-
65 marks
5Qs
5M
-
70 marks
2023 Management Paper 1 - Section B
Financial Management (FM) Accounting for Managers Marketing
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q5(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q6(a) 25 Marks Easy Numerical Q5(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q7(b) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q6(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q7(a) 20 Marks Easy Numerical Q8(a) 25 Marks Moderate Numerical Q7(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q8(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q8(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
4E, 1M
1N
60 marks
4Qs
1E, 3M
2N
70 marks
5Qs
5E
-
70 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* P – Practical

2023 Management Paper 2

Since, a thorough analysis of the questions will help in understanding the level of the exam.  

Therefore, you can check the table which I have provided for compilation of section – wise questions asked in the Paper 2. Along with this, you can click on the link attached for Paper 2 exam.  

PDF link to 2023 Management Paper 2

2023 Management Paper 2 - Section A
Quantitative Techniques in Decision - Making Management Information System (MIS) Product Operations Management (POM)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q4(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical Q4(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q3(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(b) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical Q4(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q3(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(c) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q3(c) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Aggregate
5Qs
2E, 3M
3N
70 marks
4Qs
4E
-
60 marks
5Qs
4E, 1M
1N
70 marks
2023 Management Paper 2 - Section B
Government Business Interface (GBI) Strategic Cost Management (SCM) International Business (IB)
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q8(a) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q6(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q7(a) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q8(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q6(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q7(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q8(c) (ii) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q6(c) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q7(c) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q8(c) (i) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
6Qs
5E, 1M
-
80 marks
5Qs
1E, 4M
-
70 marks
4Qs
4M
-
50 marks

2022 Management Paper 1

Give attention to the table attached below, as it has been made with the purpose of providing adequate knowledge about the 2022 Management Paper 1. Also, explore the following link to know the questions that were asked in the respective exam.

PDF link to 2022 Management Paper 1

2022 Management Paper 1 - Section A
Management Organizational Behaviour (OB) Human Resource Management (HRM)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(c) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q2(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q2(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q3(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q3(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q4(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
70 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
-
65 marks
4Qs
3E, 1M
-
65 marks
2022 Management Paper 1 - Section B
Accounting Financial Management (FM) Marketing
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q6(b) 15 Marks Easy Practical Q7(c) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q7(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q8(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q8(a) 20 Marks Easy Practical Q8(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
4E, 1M
1P
75 marks
5Qs
5E
1P
65 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
60 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* P – Practical

2022 Management Paper 2

Through the table given below, I’ve communicated the required information about 2022 Management Paper 2. Moreover, I have provided the link through which you can access the questions asked in the exam.

PDF link to 2022 Management Paper 2

2022 Management Paper 2 - Section A
Statistics Product Operations Management (POM) Management Information System (MIS)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Moderate Numerical Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(d) 10 Marks Moderate Numerical Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q4(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical Q2(c) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q4(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(b) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical Q3(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(c) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Aggregate
4Qs
4M
4N
50 marks
6Qs
4E, 2M
2N
90 marks
4Qs
4E
-
50 marks
2022 Management Paper 2 - Section B
Government Business Interface (GBI) Strategic Cost Management (SCM) International Business (IB)
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q7(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q7(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q8(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q7(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q8(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(c) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q8(c) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
70 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
-
80 marks
4Qs
4E
-
50 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2021 Management Paper 1

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2021 Management Paper 1. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2021 Management Paper 1

2021 Management Paper 1 - Section A
Management Organizational Behaviour (OB) Human Resource Management (HRM)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q3(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q2(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q3(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q4(b) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q3(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
75 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
60 marks
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
65 marks
2021 Management Paper 1 - Section B
Accounting Financial Management (FM) Marketing
Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q6(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q8(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q6(c) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(a) 20 Marks Easy Practical Q7(c) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q8(c)20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q8(a) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Aggregate
6Qs
5E, 1M
-
90 marks
3Qs
2E, 1M
-
40 marks
5Qs
2E, 3M
-
70 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* P – Practical

2021 Management Paper 2

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2021 Management Paper 2. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2021 Management Paper 2

2021 Management Paper 2 - Section A
Statistics Product Operations Management (POM) Management Information System (MIS)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Pratical Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(b) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q2(a) 15 Marks Moderate Practical Q2(c) 15 Marks Easy Practical Q3(a) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q3(b) 20 Marks Moderate Practical Q3(c) 15 Marks Moderate Practical Q4(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(b) 15 Marks Moderate Practical Q4(a) 20 Marks Moderate Practical
Aggregate
5Qs
2E, 3M
4P
70 marks
5Qs
2M, 3E
3P
70 marks
4Qs
3E, 1M
-
60 marks
2021 Management Paper 2 - Section B
Government Business Interface (GBI) Strategic Cost Management (SCM) International Business (IB)
Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q7(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q8(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q6(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q6(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory
Q7(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q6(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q8(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q8(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Aggregate
3Qs
1E, 2M
-
40 marks
5Qs
5E
-
70 marks
6Qs
5E, 1M
-
90 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2020 Management Paper 1

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2020 Management Paper 1. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2020 Management Paper 1

2020 Management Paper 1 - Section A
Management Organizational Behaviour (OB) Human Resource Management (HRM)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q1(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q2(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q2(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q1(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q3(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q2(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q3(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q4(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q3(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q4(a) 20 Marks Easy Theory Q4(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
65 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
60 marks
5Qs
2E, 3M
-
75 marks
2020 Management Paper 1 - Section B
Accounting Financial Management (FM) Marketing Costing
Q6(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical
Q6(b) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q6(c) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q7(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q8(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q8(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Q8(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Aggregate
1Q
All E
-
10 marks
6Qs
2E, 4M
1N
90 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
-
70 marks
2Qs
1E, 1M
1N
30 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

2020 Management Paper 2

Given below is a table with detailed information about each of the questions of the 2020 Management Paper 2. I have included the link to the same below. You can refer to it while studying the table below:

PDF link to 2020 Management Paper 2

2020 Management Paper 2 - Section A
Statistics Product Operations Management (POM) Management Information System (MIS)
Q1(a) 10 Marks Moderate Numerical Q1(e) 10 Marks Moderate Numerical Q1(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q1(b) 10 Marks Moderate Numerical Q2(a) 20 Marks Moderate Numerical Q1(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q2(c) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical Q3(b) 15 Marks Difficult Numerical Q2(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q3(a) 20 Marks Difficult Numerical Q3(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(b) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical Q4(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q4(c) 15 Marks Moderate Numerical
Aggregate
6Qs
5M, 1D
6N
85 marks
3Qs
2M, 1D
3N
45 marks
5Qs
1E, 4M
-
70 marks
2020 Management Paper 2 - Section B
Government Business Interface (GBI) Strategic Cost Management (SCM) International Business (IB)
Q5(c) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(a) 10 Marks Easy Theory Q5(b) 10 Marks Easy Theory
Q6(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(d) 10 Marks Moderate Theory Q5(e) 10 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q6(a) 20 Marks Moderate Theory Q6(b) 15 Marks Moderate Theory
Q7(c) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q7(b) 15 Marks Easy Theory Q8(b) 20 Marks Moderate Theory
Q8(c) 15 Marks Moderate Theory Q8(a) 15 Marks Easy Theory
Aggregate
5Qs
2E, 3M
-
75 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
-
70 marks
4Qs
1E,3M
-
55 marks

* Qs – Questions
* E – Easy, M – Moderate, D – Difficult (Level)
* N – Numerical

Management Paper Overall Analysis (2020-2023)

In this section, I have compiled the aggregates of all the tables given above, and drawn a topic-wise conclusion according to the same. So, go through this section every carefully.

In the first part of this section are the topic-wise conclusions from the aggregates of all the paper 1 tables given above.

In the second part are the topic-wise conclusions from the aggregates of all the paper 2 tables given above.

Management Paper 1 Overall Analysis (2020-2023)

Year/Subject Management Organizational Behaviour (OB) Human Resource Management (HRM) Marketing Costing Accounting Financial Management (FM)
2023 5Qs
4E, 1M
-
70 marks
4Qs
3E, 1M
-
60 marks
5Qs
5M
-
70 marks
5Qs
5E
-
70 marks
4Qs
1E, 3M
2n
70 marks
5Qs
4E, 1M
1N
60 marks
2022 5Qs
4E, 1M
-
70 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
-
65 marks
4Qs
3E, 1M
-
65 marks
5Qs
4E, 1M
1P
75 marks
5Qs
5E
1P
65 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
60 marks
2021 5Qs
4E, 1M
-
75 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
60 marks
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
65 marks
5Qs
2E, 3M
-
70 marks
6Qs
5E, 1M
-
90 marks
3Qs
2E, 1M
-
40 marks
2020 5Qs
4E, 1M
-
65 marks
4Qs
2E, 2M
-
60 marks
5Qs
2E, 3M
-
75 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
-
70 marks
2Qs
1E, 1M
1N
30 marks
1Q
All E
-
10 marks
6Qs
2E, 4M
1N
90 marks

As you can see in the table above, I have listed the aggregates of all the Management paper 1 exam analysis tables, from the year 2020 to 2023.

Now let me quickly jot down the overall learnings (Topic wise) from the Management optional exam analysis that we have done of the Paper 1s of the years 2020-2023:

  • Management – This subject is of consistently high weightage. It is Easy to cover and score.
  • Organizational Behaviour (OB) – This subject is of consistently high weightage. It is easy to cover and score.
  • Human Resource Management (HRM) – This subject is of consistently high weightage. It is easy to cover and score.
  • Marketing – This subject is of consistently high weightage. It is easy to cover and score.
  • Costing – This subject is of consistently low weightage. However, it is easy to cover and score.
  • Accounting – This subject is of consistently low weightage. However, it is easy to cover and score.
  • Financial Management (FM) – This subject is of consistently high weightage. It is Easy to cover and score.

This brings us to the end of the Management optional exam analysis of Paper 1. Now let’s look at the exam analysis of Paper 2 of the past years.

Management Paper 2 Overall Analysis (2020-2023)

Year/Subject Statistics Product Operations Management (POM) Management Information System (MIS) Government Business Interface (GBI) Strategic Cost Management (SCM) International Business (IB)
2023 5Qs
2E, 3M
3N
70 marks
5Qs
4E, 1M
1N
70 marks
4Qs
4E
-
60 marks
6Qs
5E, 1M
-
80 marks
5Qs
1E, 4M
-
70 marks
4Qs
4M
-
50 marks
2022 4Qs
4M
4N
50 marks
6Qs
4E, 2M
2N
90 marks
4Qs
4E
-
50 marks
5Qs
4E, 1M
-
70 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
-
80 marks
4Qs
4E
-
50 marks
2021 5Qs
2E, 3M
-
70 marks
5Qs
2M, 3E
-
70 marks
4Qs
3E, 1M
-
60 marks
3Qs
1E, 2M
-
40 marks
5Qs
5E
-
70 marks
6Qs
5E, 1M
-
90 marks
2020 6Qs
5M, 1D
6N
85 marks
3Qs
2M, 1D
3N
45 marks
5Qs
1E, 4M
-
70 marks
5Qs
2E, 3M
-
75 marks
5Qs
3E, 2M
-
70 marks
4Qs
1E, 3M
-
55 marks

As can be seen in the table above, I have listed the aggregates of all the Management paper 2 exam analysis tables, from the year 2020 to 2023.

Now let me quickly jot down the overall learnings (Topic wise) from the Management optional exam analysis that we have done of the Paper 2s of the years 2020-2023:

  • Statistics – This subject carries consistently high weightage & requires a lot of practice to score well in.
  • Product Operations Management (POM) – This subject carries consistently high weightage & requires a lot of practice to score well in.
  • Management Information System (MIS) – This subject carries consistently high weightage & requires a lot of memorizations to score well in.
  • Government Business Interface (GBI) – This subject carries consistently high weightage & requires a lot of memorizations to score well in. It is connected with GS.
  • Strategic Cost Management (SCM) – This subject carries consistently high weightage & is easy to understand and score in.
  • International Business (IB)– This subject carries consistently high weightage & is easy to understand and score in.
  • Marketing – This subject is of consistently high weightage. It is easy to cover and score. (Usually asked in Paper 1 though)
  • Costing – This subject is of consistently low weightage. However, it is easy to cover and score. (Usually asked in Paper 1 though)

This brings us to the end of the Management optional exam analysis of Paper 2, and also the article as a whole.

If you are thinking of opting Management as your optional subject, then enroll in the comprehensive UPSC Management Optional Course that I have designed for you

Conclusion

That brings us to the end of this massive article. In it I have talked in detail about the UPSC Optional papers of Commerce and Management, and I have also given the analysis of each and every past year paper of the same, along with its PDFs.

Please go through this article thoroughly & make use of it to better your understanding of the UPSC Commerce and Management optional papers. That said, it’s time for me to take leave. Until next time.

Have a great day!

CEO of Anujjindal.in

About Anuj Jindal

━━━━━

Anuj Jindal, the founder, is an ex-manager from SBI, with an M.Com from Delhi School of Economics. He also has a JRF in Commerce & Management and NET in HRM, along with more than 5 years of experience in the field of Education.

UPSC CSE – Related Resources

FAQs: UPSC Exam Analysis of Commerce & Management (Optionals)

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    Does the UPSC Exam has negative marking? 

    UPSC exam follows a competitive structure and hence there are some elements of elimination, infused at every stage. One such element is of “Negative Marking”, which is included in the preliminary stage. At the preliminary stage, in both Paper 1 & 2 the candidate faces a penalty of 0.33 marks at every wrong answer.   

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    Is UPSC Management Optional paper difficult? 

    Choosing the appropriate optional paper is one of the vital steps of selection, and in the category, Management is a popular choice. The subject checks the management aptitude of the individual at every turn, however, whether it can be perceived as difficult or not, depends on the degree of preparation of the candidate.  

    Nevertheless, over the years, the general mandate has termed the exam as Easy to Moderate. 

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    What type of questions come in UPSC exam? 

    The paper 1 of UPSC preliminary stage, comprises of 200 Multiple Choice-Type Questions (MCQs) and the Paper 2 of prelims, which is known as CSAT, carries 80 MCQs. Following the prelims, the mains stage is all about answer writing, and hence in the mains, descriptive questions appear. 

1 Comment
  1. Lekh Ram

    Hello sir mera name LEKHRAM hai ..main 2023 me preliminary exam dene ja rha hu ye mera frist attempt hai, main m.com Kiya hun..mera optional commerce and accountancy hai…apka page read krke confidence badha so thanks 😊

    Reply
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