“Justice is the first virtue of social institutions”

— John Rawls, Theory of Justice in 1971



and to secure to all its citizens: 

“Justice, Social, Economic and Political”

— Preamble of Indian Constitution (note that justice comes even before others)



The United Nations’ 2006 document Social Justice in an Open World: The Role of the United Nations, states that “Social justice may be broadly understood as the fair and compassionate distribution of the fruits of economic growth…”



In the view of former Chief Justice of India Justice Gajendragadkar, the concept of social justice has dual objectives of ‘removing all inequality’ and affording equal opportunities for ‘economic activities of all the citizens.



In D. S. Nakara v. Union of India, the Supreme Court has held that the principal aim of a socialist state is to eliminate inequality in income, status and standards of life.


The objective of social justice is to organize the society so as to abolish the source of injustice in social relations, such as discrimination on the basis of caste, sex, religion, race, region etc. whereas social justice may also require protective discrimination in favor of the downtrodden, underprivileged and weaker sections of the society


SOCIAL JUSTICE leads to achievement of à HUMAN RIGHTS