While the 73rd and 74th constitutional amendments provided for representation to women in local governance, much work remains to be done to ensure their true participation, given their present socio-economic conditions. Comment.


MEENA BEHEN, first woman sarpanch from a village in Gujarat built road to enable accessibility for women during pregnancy.


  • Practice of Sarpanchpati sidelining women in their political leadership roles.
  • Women have to perform domestic tasks despite their active life in panchayats and local leadership which puts additional burden on them.
  • Women face patriarchal attitude of considering their suggestions and ideas as inferior to those of men.
  • Effective devolution is so uneven and inadequate that oftentimes, even the ablest women are crippled for want of the rightful allocation of functions, finances and functionaries without which effective PR is rendered impossible.